Corryocactus

Corryocactus Cuajonesensis

One of the least understood genera of cacti in western South America is Corryocactus, shrubby to treelike, columnar cacti that have well-armed stems. Their flowers are bell shaped to broadly funnelform, open during the day, and have short floral tubes bearing many small scales. Fruits are large, though spiny, and juicy and good tasting. In fact, local inhabitants collect them for food. I have observed Corryocactus in both Chile and Peru. In 1920 Nathaniel Britton and Joseph Rose described two...

Selenicereus brevispinus sp nov

Aerial 246 Jpg

Stems rather stout, climbing or clambering, 2 to 3 cm. thick, in cultivation somewhat branching, light green, the growing branches tipped with white hairs ribs 8 to 10, separated by narrow intervals, undulating, with knobby areoles areoles circular, with short tawny felt spines about 12, conic, stiff, about 1 mm. _ lone, the 3 or 4 centrals thicker than , rc , ,, . , 7 V , iiii-i Fig. 277. Branch of S. kunthianus. X0.5. the somewhat curved or hooked radials bristles from the lower parts of the...

Sowing and Propagation

The easiest method of propagation can be performed with sprouting Coryphantha spp. The sprouts may be picked from the mother plant and planted into separate pots. Another, somewhat more complicated, method is derived from the fact that all Coryphantha spp. have dormant vegetative centres in their grooves. If a tubercle of a Coryphantha is grafted onto any usual grafting stock, after maybe 1-3 years, it will sprout from the groove and a new plant will appear. This method also serves to rescue...

Pilosocereus

Pilosocereus Tillianus

It is fortunate when a hitherto poorly understood group of cacti is the object of a major research project. Such is the case with Pilosocereus, a genus of columnar cacti found from Mexico into South America. Daniela Zappi 1994 undertook such a study for her doctoral degree at the University of Sao Paulo, which involved fieldwork and studies of vegetative and seed morphology, and reproductive biology. The name Pilosocereus is relatively recent, having been proposed by Ronald Byles and Gordon...

The Cactus Classification of the International Cactaceae Systematics Group

In 1984 a new approach to cactus classification was begun. Prior to that, each cactus classification, with the exception of that of Britton and Rose, was basically the work of an individual. Stimulated by the reports of exciting new research at the congresses of the International Organization for Succulent Plant Study IOS and by the commitments of Barthlott and Hunt to produce treatments of cacti for the planned reference works, The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants and The European Garden...

Hylocereus stenopterus Weber Britton and Rose Contr U S Nat Herb 12 429 1909

Hist. Nat. Paris 8 458. 1902. A weak vine, not rooting freely from the sides, at least in cultivation, the joints 4 cm. broad, light green in color, not glaucous ribs 3, thin areoles slightly elevated spines 1 to 3, small, yellow flower 10 to 12 cm. long, opening at night, closing very early (completely closed at 9 a. m.) tube short, about 2 cm. long perianth-segments all similar, reddish purple, linear, about 7 cm. long stamens short, exserted style white,...

Gymnocalycium carmianthum Borth Koop 1976

Plants solitary, flattened globose with depressed stem tips, dull blue-green or gray-green, to 5.5 cm (2.2 in) high and 10 cm (3.9 in) in diameter. Ribs 6-11, flattened except at the tips, with angular tubercles. Central spines 1-2, sometimes absent, strongly curved upward, 0.8-1.5 cm (0.3-0.6 in) long. Radial spines 5-9, usually 7, thick, awl shaped, angular, in pairs, lowermost one pointing downward and flattened on the stem surface, reddish brown, to 2.5 cm (1 in) long. Flowers bell shaped,...

Ferocactus acanthodes Lemaire

Echinocactus acanthodes Lemaire, Cact. Gen. Nov. Sp. 106. 1839. Echinocactus viridescens cylindraceus Engelmann, Amer. Journ. Sci. II. 14 338. 1852. Echinocactus cylindraceus Engelmann, Proc. Amer. Acad. 3 275. 1856. At first globular but in age cylindric, sometimes nearly 3 meters high, very spiny ribs numerous, often as many as 27, acute, 1 to 2 cm. high areoles large, 1 cm. in diameter or more, densely brown-felted when young, closely set, often nearly contiguous spines often white or...

Samaipaticereus

The Bolivian town of Samaipata is located about 150 km 93 miles south of the city of Santa Cruz. The region around it is characterized by thorn shrub vegetation and dry forest, the home of several interesting cacti. One of the most prominent is a tall, columnar, slightly branched cactus that often rises above the rest of the plants. Surprisingly, it was not described until 1952. Anibal Corro saw a cactus near Samaipata that was clearly different from the other large columnar cactus of the...

Small Cactus Identification

Cactus Identification Picture Guide

Mammillaria magallanii Schmoll ex Craig Sparingly clumping, stems to i cm high by 4.5 cm csp I I usually straight, may be hooked. Probably only a I'orm of M. lasiacantha. CS F. distribution Mexico, Coahuila, near Parras O i hi.r WMt s .W. mumccntra, W. wag. v. Iiiimaitspinu, 11, ntobertrandiam. Dumping, individual stems to 40 cm high and cm acniss. v. minor Much, from a separate population is smaller and more weakly spined CS P disirihi iion Mexico, Morelos. HI I'enon de Amayuca, between...

Azreyole Dreamer

Thin Walled Cell Stem

The cactus stem and its associated features vary greatly, adding to the diversity of form of cacti. These differences have been used by researchers in distinguishing species and other taxa of cacti. Unfortunately for the purposes of classification, these are vegetative structures, usually more subject to environmental modification than floral structures. Nonetheless, the variation patterns of stem features, including the surface, tubercles, ribs, leaves, areoles, and spines, are important in...

Opuntia leptocaulis De Candolle Mem Mus Hist Nat Paris 17 118 1828

Dyck. 360. 1834. Opuntia gracilis Pfeiffer, Enum. Cact. 172. 1837. Opuntiafragilis frutescens Engelmann, Bost. Journ. Nat. Hist. 5 245. 1845. Opuntia virgata Link and Otto in Forster, Handb. Cact. 506. 1846. Opuntia vaginata Engelmann in Wislizenus, Mem. Tour North. Mex. 100. 1848. Opuntia frutescens Engelmann, Bost. Journ. Nat. Hist. 6 208. i85o. Opuntia frutescens brevispina Engelmann, Proc. Amer. Acad. 3 309. 1856. Opuntia frutescens longispina Engelmann,...

Succulents in their natural environment

Natural Environment

Aside from Antarctica, succulent plants are found on all continents. The driest continent, Australia, has surprisingly few native succulents, largely because of its history of prolonged droughts. At first this seems illogical since succulents have an adaptation to dry periods. They do, but only to short, predictable dry seasons, not the prolonged dry spells characteristic of parts of inland Australia. The continent with the greatest number of succulents is Africa. Again, we see almost no...

Arthrocereus

Esculturas Para Jardin

The Brazilian genus Arthrocereus comprises four species, some of which are in cultivation and fairly well known. Like many groups of the tribe Trichocereeae, however, not enough is known about the natural variation of the cacti in the field. There was some confusion as to the first use of the name Arthrocereus but this has been clarified by Nigel Taylor 1992 , who proposed conservation of the name with a new type, A. glaziovii syn. Cereus glaziovii , with the original type, C. mi-crosphaericus,...

Lemaireocereus

Lemaireocereus Pruinosus

Lemaireocereus are, on the whole, difficult plants for beginners and require rather more warmth in the winter than most other cacti and succulents. They appear to be extremely susceptible to rhizoctonia. the fungus which attacks the soft collar of a plant's stem where the main body of the plant meets the compost. Systemic fungicides such as benomyl can give some help here and it may be a good idea to drench the plant with a solution of water and benomyl in the proportions recommended by the...

Pereskia sacharosa Grisebach 1879

Rhodocactus sacharosa Grisebach Backeberg 1966 Pereskia moorei Britton amp Rose 1919 Pereskia saipinensis C rdenas 1964, Rhodocactus saipinensis C rdenas Backeberg 1966 Pereskia sparsiflora F. Ritter 1980 Plants treelike or shrubby, 5-7 m 16-23 ft tall, 2-4 m 6.613 ft tall. Twigs often zigzag. Leaves extremely variable in shape and size, mostly obovate, often folded along the midrib, 3-12 cm 1.2-4.7 in long, 2-7 cm 0.8-2.8 in broad, with petioles, venation pinnate, midribs prominent below,...

Chlorenchyma In Cactus

Stomatal frequency for photosynthetic tissue in cacti Subfamily Frequency (number per mm2) Pereskioideae leaf, 17-99 (51) stem, 2-20 (11) Opuntioideae leaf, 7-16 (12) (Pereskiopsis spp.) stem, 9-115 (80) (Opuntia spp.) Data indicate the range, with the mean in parentheses, and are from Mauseth and Sajeva (1991), Pimienta-Barrios et al. (1993), Nobel (1994), Arias (1996), and Nobel and De la Barrera (2000). unlignified and more flexible than those of the palisade cells, readily allowing for...

Opuntia lanceolata Haworth Syn Pl Succ 192 1812

Nat. 188. 1803. Cactus elongatus Willdenow, Enum. Pl. Suppl. 34. 1813. Opuntia elongata Haworth, Suppl. Pl. Succ. 81. 1819. Plants tall, much branched joints elongated, 3.5 cm. long, dull green, somewhat tuberculate areoles distant, small spines if present few, small, white, 1 cm. long or less glochids yellow flowers large, yellow. Distribution Known only in cultivation. We have combined O. lanceolata and O. elongata, although there is a possibility of their...

Echinopsis silvestrii Spegazzini 1905

Plants usually solitary, sometimes branching to form small clumps. Stems globose to short cylindrical, 5-10 cm (2-3.9 in) high, 4-8 cm (1.6-3.1 in) in diameter. Ribs 12-14. Areoles round, whitish. Central spine one, erect. Radial spines 5-9, flattened against the stem surface. Flowers white, not fragrant, to 20 cm (7.9 in) long. Distribution between Tucum n and Salta, northwestern Argentina. Echinopsis silvestrii is poorly known. Echinopsis skottsbergii (Backeberg) H. Friedrich & G. D....

The cactaceae

Gymnocalycium Kurtzianum

Type species Echinocactus erectocentrus Coulter. The species which we have referred to this genus resemble in size, form, and habit the species of Coryphantha much more than they do the species of Echinocactus or Ferocactus. This resemblance is strengthened by definite tubercles on the ribs. Schumann referred them all to Thelocactus, his very complex subgenus of Echinocactus. The generic name is from exivog hedgehog, and mactcog breast, referring to the spiny tubercles of the plant. We...

Verification at Locations

Climate Tlaxcala

In this confusing situation, it was important to check the locations of all taxa concerned, especially the old locations listed by Ehrenberg. This was not that easy, since Mexico has changed a lot in the 150 years since Ehrenberg, especially in the regions of the habitats of this species, which prefers plane, deep lava soils. Coryphantha pycnacantha is very much endangered today by intensified extensive farming, and has become very rare. We managed to verify some plants in Hidalgo near San Mateo near Zempoala and also near Atotonilco and Regla and at locations in the state of Mexico near Otumba and south of Cd. Shahogun. However, our search was only successful in pitiful remnants of habitats such as basureros garbage dumps or near railroad dams. In several locations plants with heavily bundled upper radial spines connivens , but with otherwise identical features, can be found in addition to classical plants as described by Martius. In addition, our research affirmed that Coryphantha...

Harrisia simpsonii Small 1920

Harrisia Taetra

QUEEN OFTHE NIGHT, SIMPSON'S PRICKLY APPLE Cereus gracilis var. simpsonii Small L. D. Benson 1969 Plants erect, spreading, or reclining, to 6 m 20 ft high. Stems unbranched or more or less branched. Ribs 8-10. Spines 7-14, gray, 1-2.5 cm 0.4-1 in long. Flowers 12-17 cm 4.7-6.7 in long floral tubes with soft white hairs. Fruits depressed globose, orange-red, 4-6 cm 1.6-2.4 in in diameter. Distribution southern coastal hummocks of the Keys and mainland of Florida. Harrisia portoricensis,...

Cereus roseiflorus Spegazzini 1925

Plants treelike with several branches, to 5 m (16 ft) high. Stems more or less erect, green. Ribs 6, notched, to 3.5 cm (1.4 in) high. Areoles 2-2.5 cm (0.8-1 in) apart. Spines usually 3, expanded basally, to 1 cm (0.4 in) long. Flowers pink to rose, to 20 cm (7.9 in) long. Fruits ovoid, violet-red, to 7 cm (2.8 in) long. Distribution Argentina. Cereus roseiflorus is poorly known. Cereus saddianus (Rizzini & A. Mattos) P. J. Braun 1988 Monvillea saddiana Rizzini & A. Mattos 1985 Plants...

Cereus mirabella N P Taylor 1991

Cereus Tacuaralensis

Ritter 1979, Monvillea minensis F. Ritter R. Kies-ling 1994 Plants shrubby, spreading and much branched. Stems blue-green, becoming gray-green, 2-3 cm 0.8-1.2 in in diameter. Ribs 3-5, wavy, sometimes nearly absent. Areoles round, with short to long white or brown wool. Spines 3-6, yellow with reddish brown bases, straight, needle-like, diverging, to 2.5 cm 1 in long. Flowers white. Fruits to 3.5 cm 1.4 in long. Distribution Minas G rais, Brazil. Cereus mortensenii Croizat...

Mammillaria compressa A P de Candolle 1828

Mammillaria conopea Scheidweiler 1838 Mammillaria esseriana Boedeker 1928 Mammillaria tolimensis R. T. Craig 1945 Mammillaria bernalensis Reppenhagen 1989 Mammillaria centralifera Reppenhagen 1989, M. compressa subsp. centralifera Reppenhagen D. R. Hunt 1997 Plants solitary at first, later forming massive clumps to 1 m 3.3 ft wide. Stems club shaped to cylindrical, bluish gray-green, to 20 cm 7.9 in high, 5-10 cm 2-3.9 in in diameter. Tubercles close set, firm, bluntly angled, keeled, with...

Armatocereus brevispinus J E Madsen 1989

Armatocereus

Plants treelike, much branched, to 10 m 33 ft high with well-defined trunks to 2 m 6.6 ft high and to 50 cm 20 in in diameter. Stem segments spreading, dark green with grayish tint, tapering at both ends, 40-80 cm 16-31 in long, 7-12 cm 2.8-4.7 in in diameter. Ribs 4-6, separated by deep sinuses, 2-4 cm 0.8-1.6 in high. Spines 6-9, inconspicuous, light brown, becoming gray with age, spreading, 2-7 mm to 0.3 in long. Flowers borne horizontally, narrowly funnelform, white, 8 cm 3.1 in long, 6 cm...

Opuntia robusta Wendland in Pfeiffer

Cactus Alto Ereto Sem Flor

Gen. Nov. Sp. Opuntia larreyi Weber in Coulter, Contr. U. S. Opuntia gorda Griffiths, Monatsschr. Kakteenk. Often erect, sometimes 5 meters high, usually much branched joints orbicular to oblong, 20 to 25 cm. long by 10 to 12.5 cm. broad, very thick, bluish green, glaucous leaves 4 mm. long, reddish, acute spines 8 to 12, stout, very diverse, brown or yellowish at base, white above, up to 5 cm. long, but often wanting on greenhouse specimens flowers 5 cm. broad,...

Opuntia Imbricata

Joints very readily detached, freely falling 30. O. fulgida Joints not very readily detached, persistent. Spines brown or reddish, at least at base. Branches slender fruit not proliferous 31. O. spinosior Branches stout fruit proliferous 32. O. prolifera Spines white petals greenish yellow, 1 cm. long or less 33. O. alcahes Spines yellow petals red, 2 cm. long 34. O. burrageana 30. Opuntia fulgida Engelmann, Proc. Amer. Acad. 3 306. Opuntia mamillata Schott in Engelmann, Proc. Amer. Acad....

Hamatocactus setispinus Engelmann

Echinocactus setispinus Engelmann, Bost. Journ. Nat. Hist. 5 246. 1845. Echinocactus muehlenpfordtii Fennel, Allg. Gartenz. 15 65. 1847. Echinocactus hamatus M hlenpfordt, Allg. Gartenz. 6 8. 1848. Not Forbes, 1837. Echinocactus setispinus hamatus Engelmann, Bost. Journ. Nat. Hist. 6 201. 1850. Echinocactus setispinus setaceus Engelmann, Bost. Journ. Nat. Hist. 6 201. 1850. Echinocactus setispinus cachetianus Labouret, Monogr. Cact. 203. 1853. Echinocactus hamulosus Regel, Ind. Sem. Hort....

Stephanocereus

Stephanocereus type, Cereus leucostele S. leucostele was described by Alwin Berger in 1926. Curt Backeberg 19581962,4 2549 , Pierre Braun 1988 , and others accepted it as a genus with a single species. Earlier, however, Nathaniel Britton and Joseph Rose 1919-1923, 2 60 had noted that another unusual cactus probably is related to C. leucostele, a plant subsequently described as C. luetzelburgii by Friedrich Vaupel. Nigel Taylor and Daniela Zappi 1989 later observed the same similarity. Taylor...

Sclerocactus parviflorus Clover Jotter 1941

Sclerocactus Parviflorus

BLESSING DEVIL'S-CLAW CACTUS, DEVIL'S-CLAW CACTUS, EAGLE-CLAW CACTUS Echinocactus parviflorus (Clover & Jotter) L. D. Benson 1950, Ferocac-tus parviflorus (Clover & Jotter) N. P. Taylor 1979, Pediocactus parviflorus (Clover & Jotter) Halda 1998 Sclerocactus havasupaiensis Clover 1942, S. parviflorus subsp. havasupaiensis (Clover) Hochstatter 1995, Pediocactus parviflorus subsp. havasupaiensis (Clover) Halda 1998 Sclerocactus intermedius Peebles 1949, S. parviflorus subsp. intermedins...

Maihueniopsis atacamensis Philippi f Ritter 1980

Puna Bonnieae

Opuntia atacamensis Philippi 1860, Pseudotephrocactus atacamensis Philippi Fric 1933, Tephrocactus atacamensis Philippi Backeberg 1935 Plants forming dense, raised, fairly large cushions to 30 cm 12 in high, 60-80 cm 24-31 in wide. Stem segments ovoid to conical, to 2.5 cm 1 in long. Areoles as many as 30 and extending well down the segments, very close set, with glochids, the upper half with spines. Central spines 1-2, erect, straight, rounded to somewhat flattened, yellow to darkish red,...

Cacti as Medicine

A remarkable number of cacti are used by indigenous people of the New World for healing. Illness, injury, death, and the spirit world are intimately interrelated to many of these people, as seen in their belief that peyote and the San Pedro cactus are divine medicine. Peyote, for example, is not only a means of communication with the spirit world, it is also used as an analgesic, anti-rheumatic, and general tonic Nicholson and Arzeni 1993,187 . Other cacti, however, simply seem to provide some...

Oreocereus hempelianus Gurke D R Hunt 1987

Oreocereus Hempelianus

Echinopsis hempelianus Gurke 1906, Arequipa hempeliana Gurke Oehme 1940 Echinocactus rettigii Quehl 1919, Arequipa rettigii Quehl Oehme 1940, Oreocereus rettigii Quehl F. Buxbaum 1973 Arequipa weingartiana Backeberg 1936 Arequipa erectocylindrica Rauh amp Backeberg 1957 Arequipa soehrensii Backeberg 1959, not validly published Arequipa spinosissima F. Ritter 1964 Arequipa australis F. Ritter 1980, Oreocereus australis F. Ritter A. E. Hoffmann 1989 Plants branching basally, densely covered by...

Matucana comacephala f Ritter 1958

Plants usually solitary, globose to cylindrical, green to gray-green, to 75 cm 30 in high and 12 cm 4.7 in in diameter. Ribs 22-30, tuberculate. Spines dense, covering the plants, white to pale yellow, bristle-like, forming erect tufts apically. Central spines 5-10, 10-40 mm 0.4-1.6 in long. Radial spines 15-20,10-50 mm 0.4-2 in long. Flowers somewhat oblique, pink to sometimes orange-red, 5-7 cm 2-2.8 in long, 3-4 cm 1.2-1.6 in in diameter. Fruits oval, green, to 2 cm 0.8 in long and 0.5 cm...

Root Structure And Function

Development Aerial Roots

North Primary Structure Secondary Structure Root Types Development and Growth Indeterminate Root Growth Determinate Root Growth Lateral Root Development Root System Development Adaptations to Deserts and Other Arid Environments Root Distribution in the Soil Environmental Effects on Root Development Developmental Adaptations Water and Mineral Uptake Root Hydraulic Conductivity Mineral Uptake Mycorrhizal and Bacterial Associations Carbon Relations Conclusions...

Opuntia auberi Pfeiffer 1840

Opuntia Auberi

LENGUA DE VACA, NOPAL DE LENG ITA Nopalea auberi Pfeiffer Salm-Dyck 1850 Plants treelike, 3-8 m 9.8-26 ft or more high with branches produced from the trunks at right angles trunks cylindrical, spineless, with brownish glochids. Stem segments wide, bulky, blue-green to gray-green, to 30 cm 12 in long. Spines 2-3, sometimes absent, white with dark tips. Flowers dark rose, to 9 cm 3.5 in long. Fruits not known. Distribution Mexico and Cuba. Opuntia aurantiaca Gilles exLindley 1833 Cactus...

Corryocactus charazanensis Crdenas 1957

Merlion Changi

Plants branching basally, 1-2 m 3.3-6.6 ft high. Stems columnar, tapering toward the tips, fresh green, 4-5 cm 1.6-2 in in diameter. Ribs 4-5, low, with somewhat notched margins. Spines about 11, not differentiated as centrals and radi-als, spreading, the shortest ones to 0.5 cm, the longest ones 2.5 cm 1 in and awl shaped. Flowers pinkish salmon, to 6 cm 2.4 in long. Fruits globose, 3-5 cm 1.2-2 in in diameter, with long thin spines. Distribution La Paz, Bolivia, at an elevation of 3000 m 9800...

Echinopsis subdenudata Crdenas 1956

Easter Cactus Damaged Branches

Plants solitary, globose, gray-green, depressed apically, 5-8 cm 2-3.1 in high, 7-12 cm 2.8-4.7 in in diameter. Ribs 10-12, very acute, slightly notched. Areoles small, cream col ored, transversely elliptical, to 1.5 cm 0.6 in apart. Spines grayish brown, often hidden by areolar wool. Central spine one, directed upward, to 2 mm long. Radial spines 3-7, swollen basally, to 1.5 mm long. Flowers borne near the stem tips, narrow funnelform, slightly curved, white to light pink, 17-20 cm 6.7-7.9 in...

Echinopsis shaferi sp nov

Simple, erect, cylindric, up to 1.5 meters high, 16 to 18 cm. in diameter, dark green ribs 10 to 12, 2 cm. high, separated by acute intervals areoles approximate, I cm. apart or less radial spines straight, at first brownish, but Flc. 87. Fruit of gray in age, slender, subulate, 6 to 9, 1.5 to 3.5 cm. long, somewhat spreading Echinopsis shaferi. central spine solitary, 10 cm. long or less, ascending, somewhat curved, the upper ones more or less connivent over the top of the plant flower...

Neoporteria nigricans Linke

Gartenz. 25 239. 1857. Echinocactus nigricans Dietrich in Schumann, Gesamtb. Kakteen 420. 1898. Simple, short-cylindric, somewhat narrow at base ribs 55, strongly tuberculate, glaucous-green, compressed radial spines 8 or 9, somewhat curved, 7 mm. long central spines 1 or 2, 1.2 cm. long flowers 4.5 to 5 cm. long, white or yellowish green inner perianth-segments spreading, somewhat toothed above, acute stigma-lobes reddish or purplish scales on ovary and...

Key to Speciescontinued

Stems globular or thicker than long or sometimes clavate, never slender. Flowers red. Flower-tube distinctly enlarged above, its scales distant, large 6. E. multiplex Flower-tube slender, nearly cylindric, its scales numerous, small 7. E. oxygona Inner perianth-segments acuminate. Spines very short or none. Areoles with several spines, 4 to 7 mm. long 9. E. turbinata Spines subulate, 10 to 12 mm. E. tubiflora Inner perianth-segments not acuminate. Inner perianth-segments E. silvestrii Plant...

Ferocactus melocactiformis De Candolle

Echinocactus melocactiformis De Candolle, Prodr. 3 462. 1828. Echinocactus histrix De Candolle, Mem. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris 17 115. 1828. Echinocactus coulteri G. Don, Gen. Syst. 3 162. 1834. Echinocactus oxypterus Zuccarini in Pfeiffer, Enum. Cact. 57. 1837. Echinocactus electracanthus Lemaire, Cact. Aliq. Nov. 24. 1838. Echinocactus lancifer Reichenbach in Terscheck, Cact. Suppl. 2. Echinofossulocactus oxypterus Lawrence in Loudon, Gard. Mag. 17 318. 1841. Echinocactus electracanthus capuliger...

Echinopsis klingleriana Crdenas 1965

Plants solitary, globose, light green, 12-14 cm 4.7-5.5 in high, to 13 cm 5.1 in in diameter. Ribs 13, acute, notched. Areoles round, prominent, gray, 2.5-3 cm 1-1.2 in apart. Central spine sometimes one, usually absent. Radial spines 5-6, thin, awl shaped, whitish to yellowish, 2-3 cm 0.8-1.2 in long. Flowers borne laterally, funnelform, white, to 12 cm 4.7 in long. Fruits elliptical, 2-3 cm 0.8-1.2 in long. Distribution Santa Cruz, Bolivia. Echinopsis knuthiana Backeberg H. Friedrich amp G....

Index of Scientific Names

Accepted names are in boldface, synonyms are not. Infraspecific ranks, subspecies versus variety, for example, are given only for accepted names. andreaeanum, see Eriosyce andreaeana aurantiacum, see Echinopsis thionantha brevispinum, see Echinopsis thionantha catamarcense, see Echinopsis thionantha chionanthum, see Echinopsis thionantha ferrarii, 105 glaucum, see Echinopsisglaucina griseum, see Echinopsis thionana klimpelianum, 106 peitscherianum, see A klimpelianum spitiiflorum, 106...

Opuntia polyacantha Haworth Suppl Pl Succ 82 1819

Happy Holiday Elegant

Pl. 1 296. 1818. Not Willdenow. 1813. Opuntia media Haworth, Suppl. Pl. Succ. 82. 1819. Opuntia missouriensis De Candolle, Prodr. 3 472. 1828. Opuntia splendens Pfeiffer, Enum. Cact. 159. 1837. Opuntia missouriensis albispina Engelmann and Bigelow, Proc. Amer. Acad. 3 300. 1856. Opuntia missouriensis microsperma Engelmann and Bigelow, Proc. Amer. Acad. 3 300. 1856. Not O. rafinesquei microsperma Engelmann, Proc. Amer. Acad. 3 295. 1856. Opuntia missouriensisplatycarpa...

List Of Steven Brack Cactus

CITES is the primary international legislation that deals with the conservation of plants and animals it now has over 130 member countries. CITES regulates trade in threatened wild species, placing them in one of three appendices. Those species listed in Appendix I Table 8.3 are considered to be at serious risk due to international trade thus, trade in these organisms between signatory countries is banned. Appendix II lists those species that may be threatened by excessive amounts of trade, but...

Bergerocactus

Forming spectacular masses of golden stems, Bergerocactus is one of the most impressive cacti in the coastal chaparral region of southern California and northern Baja California. Specimens were first collected in California by John Leconte and Charles Parry. The material was sent to George Engelmann in St. Louis, who described it as Cereus emoryi. Engelmann commented on the prickly flowers, which suggested that it might be related to Echinocereus, but then went on to say that the seed and the...

Ferocactus haematacanthus Salm Dyck Bravo ex

Hamatacanthus

Knuth 1935 Echinocactus electracanthus var. haematacanthus Salm-Dyck 1850, E. haematacanthus Salm-Dyck Monville ex F. A. C. Weber 1896, Bisnaga haematacantha Salm-Dyck Doweld 1999 Plants solitary, globose to cylindrical, green, glaucous when young, 30-120 cm 12-47 in high, 26-36 cm 10-14 in in diameter. Ribs 13-27 with confluent areoles when mature. Spines blood-red. Central spines 4,4-8 cm 1.6-3.1 in long. Ferocactus gracilis subsp. coloratus Radial spines 6-7,2.5-3.5 cm...

Distribution of Cacti

With the exception of Rhipsalis baccifera, cacti are strictly New World natives. Cactaceae occur from 56 15' north latitude near the Peace River in British Columbia and Alberta, Canada (Moss 1959, 339 Parfitt 1991, 72, 74) to 50 south latitude in the Argentine portion of Patagonia (Russell and Felker 1987). Interestingly, members of the subfamily Opuntioideae are found at both latitudinal extremes, Opuntia fragilis in the north and Maihueniopsis darwinii in the south. Maihuenia patagonica and...

Air Circulation and Ventilation

Air is the source of gases that cacti and other plants use to thrive and grow. It is at night that cacti, with their crassu-lacean acid metabolism, take in carbon dioxide through the stomata in their stems, storing it for use in photosynthesis during the day. Yet it is at night that a greenhouse may be shut tight, and air circulation or ventilation may be needed. Air circulation is simply the movement of air within a plant growing area. Any sort of fan will circulate air. Ventilation introduces...

Leptocereusprostratus Britton Rose 1920

Dragon Fruit Stem And Branch Segment

Plants shrubby, less than 1 m (3.3 ft) high, with several prostrate to creeping branches. Roots not tuberous. Stems with terminal segments 1-2 cm (0.4-0.8 in) in diameter. Ribs 7, barely notched, with distinctly raised areoles. Spines 15-20, persistent, needle-like, yellow, becoming gray with age, 1-2 cm (0.4-0.8 in) long. Flowers bright yellow, less than 2 cm (0.8 in) long pericarpels and floral tubes with dense yellow spines. Fruits to 1.5 cm (0.6 in) in diameter, with dense yellow spines....

Shoot Anatomy And Morphology

Leaf Anatomical Characteristics

Mauseth Epidermis and Hypodermis Fundamental Tissue Chlorenchyma Inner Cortex Pith Mucilage Cells, Laticifers, and Sclereids Mineral Inclusions Vascular Tissue Cortical and Medullary Bundles Xylem Phloem Wood Conclusions and Future Prospects Literature Cited Basic anatomical features of Cactaceae have been studied since the 16th century Metcalfe and Chalk 1950 Conde 1975 . More recently, other features have been observed for cultivated plants, such as...

Wilmattea minutiflora

Hylocereus minutiflorus Britton and Rose, Contr. 15. S. Nat. Herb. 16 240. 1913. Cereus minutiflorus Vaupel, Monatsschr. Kakteenk. 23 86. 1913. A slender, high-climbing vine, the joints 3-angled, deep green, the angles sharp but not winged, not horny-margined areoles 2 to 4 cm. apart spines usually 1 to 3, minute, brownish flowers only 5 cm. long, opening at night, rarely remaining open until o'clock in the morning, very fragrant flower-tube only 10 mm. long, or even less outer...

Arthrocereusspinosissimus

The relatively small succulent flora of the part of Ecuador considered here includes some 25 species of Cactaceae Madsen 1989 , about 4 poorly understood species of Echeveria currently being studied for the Flora of Ecuador project and the endemic Peperomia graveolens. Of the Cactaceae, 8 species are endemic and of these Armatocereus brevispinus, Cleistocactus leonensis, and Espostoa frutescens are rare and restricted to the Rio Catamayo valley together with some other, non-endemic succulents ,...

Melocactus curvispinus Pfeiffer 1837

Melocactus Conoideus

Melocactus obtusipetalus Lemaire 1838, Cactus obtusipetalus Lemaire Britton amp Rose 1922 Melocactus delessertianus Lemaire 1839 Melocactus caesius H. L. Wendland 1840, Cactus caesius H. L. Wendland Britton amp Rose 1922, M. curvispinus subsp.caesius H. L. Wendland N.P.Taylor 1991 Melocactus humilis Suringar 1889 Melocactus lobelil Suringar 1896 Melocactus ruestii K. Schumann. 1896 Melocactus Salvador Muri I lo 1897, Cactus sa rador Murillo Britton amp Rose 1922 Cactus maxonii Rose 1907,...

Melocactus oreas Miquel 1840

Cactus oreas (Miquel) Britton & Rose 1922 Melocactus cremnophilus Buining & Brederoo 1972, M. oreas subsp. cremnophilus (Buining & Brederoo) P. J. Braun 1988 Melocactus rubrisaetosus Buining, Brederoo & Theunissen 1977, M. oreas subsp. rubrisaetosus (Buining, Brederoo & Theunissen) P. J. Braun 1988 Plants depressed globose to elongate, medium to dark green, 8.5-35 cm (3.3-14 in) high, 10-18 cm (3.9-7.1 in) in diameter. Ribs 10-16, round in cross section but with acute edges....

Melocactus deinacanthus Buining Brederoo 1973

Melocactus Deinacanthus

WONDERFULLY BRISTLED TURK'S-HEAD CACTUS Plants globose to elongate, becoming fairly large, 15-35 cm 5.9-14 in high, 12-25 cm 4.7-9.8 in in diameter. Ribs 10-12, acute. Central spines 4-7, reddish brown, to 53 mm 2.1 in long. Radial spines 11-14, somewhat curved, to 80 mm 3.1 in long. Cephalia to 25 cm 9.8 in high and 9 cm 3.5 in in diameter, with exposed bristles at the tips. Flowers pinkish magenta, to 26 mm 1 in long and 12 mm 0.5 in in diameter. Fruits club shaped, completely white, 12-22 mm...

The Cactanae

The Cactanae has always seemed to me to be a special group of cacti. It consists of a genus called Melocactus all of whose thirty or so members are somewhat rare in cultivation. In spite of this rarity the best-known for itself the epithet of Turk's head cactus. As a genus they are characterized by a red woolly cephalium which forms on the top of the plant just before flowering commences but the plants as a group are slow growing and this feature does not develop until the plant is several...

Caudiciform Succulents

The common feature of plants grouped here is extreme differentiation between temporary food-forming organs (green leaves or shoots) formed during periods favourable for growth, and permanent. non-green, heavily protected water and food stores at or below ground level that enable the plant to endure long periods of desiccation. But the definition cannot be made more precise if one fact emerges from a study of living organisms it is that they cannot be made to fit exactly into man-made...

XMyrtgerocactus lindsayi Moran 1962

Plants more or less erect, few-branched from the base and occasionally from above, 2-3 m 6.6-9.8 ft high. Stems erect or curving outward and upward, 3-6 cm 1.2-2.4 in in diameter. Ribs 11-13, rounded to somewhat triangular, undulate. Spines 24-32 or more with age, yellowish brown, becoming gray with age. Central spines about 4, 10-30 mm 0.4-1.2 in long. Radial spines 4-8 mm to 0.3 in long. Flowers open during the day, arising laterally from the previous year's areoles, bell shaped, yellow,...

Pachycereus chrysomallus Lemaire Britton and Rose Contr U S Nat Herb 12 421 1909

Pachycereus Marginatus

Serr. 3 under pl. 242. 1847. Cereus chrysomallus Hemsley, Biol. Centr. Amer. Bot. 1 541. 1880. Cephalocereus chrysomallus Schumann in Engler and Prantl, Pflanzenfam. 36a 182. 1894. Pilocereus fulviceps Weber in Schumann, Gesamtb. Kakteen 176. 1897. Cereus fulviceps Berger, Rep. Mo. Bot. Gard. 16 64. 1905. Stem columnar, massive, at first simple, but in very old plants much branched, giving off hundreds of erect branches which form an almost compact cylinder...

Thrips Damage To Cactus

Trying to eradicate every single insect from cultivated cacti is not only an impossible task that destroys the fun of growing plants, it would also indiscriminately kill benign or even beneficial insects along with those that truly are pests. Also, good cultivation practices make cacti less attractive to six- and eight-legged pests. Pests are more trouble to weak, unthrifty plants. Successful growers satisfy themselves with control rather than cure. Pest control must become pest management....

Conservation of Cacti

Echinocactus Grusonii Habitat

Many cacti are adversely affected by human activities, through habitat destruction and collecting from the wild, for example. In some cases entire populations have been destroyed and lost, and in others the number of plants has been drastically reduced. Examples of such losses are numerous throughout Latin America and the United States. One of the most widely cultivated and appreciated barrel cacti is the golden barrel cactus. Unfortunately, the natural habitat of Echinocactus grusonii has been...

San Pedro Cactus

The South American columnar cactus Echinopsis pachanoi, though unlike peyote in appearance, has a similar history and use by Native Americans in Peru. Extending far back into antiquity, the temple of Chavin de Huantar, located high in the central Andes of Peru, contains a remarkable stone carving that represents one of the first images of a cactus. It is of a godlike figure combining the characteristics of an eagle and a serpent, who holds in his hand a piece of columnar cactus, almost...

Echinopsis cerdana Crdenas 1959

Echinopsis Cactus Sunny Cultivar Plant

Plants solitary, globose, gray-green, 8-10 cm 3.1-3.9 in high, 10-20 cm 3.9-7.9 in in diameter. Ribs 11-16, acute, notched. Areoles white, 2.5-3 cm 1-1.2 in apart. Spines all stout, awl shaped, gray with brownish tips. Central spine one, 3-6 cm 1.2-2.4 in long. Radial spines 8-12,1-3 cm 0.41.2 in long. Flowers open at night, funnelform, white, to 14 cm 5.5 in long. Distribution Potos , Bolivia. Echinopsis chalaensis Rauh 8c Backeberg H. Friedrich 8c G. D. Rowley 1974 Trichocereus chalaensis...

Cumulopuntia ignescens Vaupel F Ritter 1980

Opuntia ignescens Vaupel 1913, Tephrocactus ignescens Vaupel Backeberg 1936 Plants forming dense cushions that are sometimes raised. Stem segments stout, broadly ovoid, tapered, somewhat pointed, prominently tuberculate apically, to 8 cm 3.1 in long. Areoles about 15, absent from lower portion of segments, only those at the tips with spines. Spines as many as 20, erect, close set, some strong, others thinner, reddish brown, to 8 cm 3.1 in . Flowers red to orange-yellow, to 3.5 cm 1.4 in long...

Espostoopsis

Espostoopsis (type, Cereus dybowskii E. dybowskii) was described in 1968 by Franz Buxbaum, who believed that the single species differs sufficientiy from either Austrocephalo-cereus ( Micranthocereus) or Cephalocereus, into which it had been placed by other researchers. Friedrich Ritter, apparently unaware of Buxbaum's new genus, later in the same year described Gerocephalus to include C. dybowskii. The name Espostoopsis is derived from the Greek opsis, resemblance, thus Espostoa-like. Buxbaum...

Pygmaeocereus

The International Cactaceae Systematics Group has struggled over the problem of whether Pygmaeocereus should be accepted as distinct or placed in Haageocereus. At least until further research is done, it has been decided to keep the genus separate (Hunt 1999a). Pygmaeocereus (type, P. byle-sianus) was described by Harry Johnson and Curt Backeberg in 1957, the name having first been used by Johnson in his 1955 catalog, in which he listed a Pygmaeocereus akersii ( P. bylesianus7). The name is...

Cacti Succulents

Although the only cacti growing in the wild which most of us see are round the shores of the Mediterranean, the species is exclusively American in its origins. Other succulents come from all five continents of the world and although the cactus family has established itself over nearly as wide a geographic area it is entirely a product of the New World. In prehistoric times, however, some species of cactus travelled and Rhipsatis cassutha, for example, has been growing in Africa for a...

Euphorbia Cap-saintmariensis

Succulent Plants

Delays and expense in obtaining permits has hindered legitimate export of artificially propagated plants. Inadequate enforcement of national legislation results in some illegal trade in rare plants. However, the standard of reporting for plants is generally poor. Many countries, for example, report only to family or generic level for cacti and other succulent plants, and other countries do not report on the plant trade at all. Nevertheless, a significant body of data on the international...

Escontria Rose 1906

Subfamily Cactoideae, tribe Pachycereeae. Escontria chiotilla (F. A. C. Weber) Rose 1906 Cereus chiotilla F. A. C. Weber 1897, Myrtillocactus chiotilla (F. A. C. Weber) P. V. Heath 1992 Plants arboreal, becoming much branched, 4-7 m (13-23 ft) high, often with fairly flat tops, forming distinct trunks. Stems cylindrical, bright green, 8-12 cm (3.1-4.7 in) in diameter. Ribs usually 7-8, more or less triangular in cross section with straight margins. Areoles distinctive, closely positioned,...

Ferocactus rostii sp nov

Sometimes growing in clumps of 8 to 10 heads but usually slender- cylindric, up to 3 meters high ribs 16 to 22, rather low (hardly 1 cm. high), obtuse, somewhat tubercled areoles large, white-felted, approximate spine-clusters closely set, the spines interlocking and almost hiding the body of the plant radial bristles sometimes wanting but when present 2 to 8, white or yellowish spines about 12, sometimes fewer, 3 or 4 central, those on the lower part of the plant more or less spreading, those...

Opuntia pittieri sp nov

Plant up to 5 meters high, with a rather definite cylindric spiny trunk joints large, 25 to 50 cm. long, 2 to 4 times as long as wide, narrowly oblong, green leaves subulate, with purple tips wool in young areoles dark brown to purple areoles elevated, rather large, 2 to 3 cm. apart spines 3 to 6, slightly spreading, acicular, white, the longest 2 to 2.5 cm. long glochids tardily developing, few, often wanting flowers deep orange, turning to scarlet ovary nearly globular, more or less spiny,...

Stenocereus

Stenocereus Laevigatus Flower

Stenocereus contains some of the most interesting columnar cacti, ranging from the spectacular organ pipe cactus, S. thur-beri, to the remarkable creeping devil, S. eruca. A distinguishing feature of Stenocereus is that the spines dehisce from the fruits. Strangely, many of the larger columnar cacti have been poorly studied, and published illustrations of them are few despite the fact that they are among the most prominent cacti. Stenocereus was published by Alwin Berger in 1905 as a subgenus...

Uebelmannia buiningii Donald 1968

Plants short cylindrical, greenish to reddish brown with a rough surface from wax, to 8 cm 3.1 in in diameter. Ribs 18, straight, 15 mm 0.6 in apart, divided into downward- pointing tubercles about 5 mm apart. Areoles with sparse wool. Spines reddish brown, becoming white with age. Central spines 4, forming a cross. Radial spines 2-4, shorter than the centrals, straight, to 5 mm long. Flowers yellow, to 2.7 cm 1.1 in long and 2 cm 0.8 in in diameter. Fruits ovoid, yellow, to 4 mm in diameter....

Neobuxbaumia

Neobuxbaumia Mezcalaensis

Like many other columnar cacti, Neobuxbaumia is less well known than the size of the plants would suggest and is uncommon in cultivation. Franz Buxbaum 1958,1961 struggled with the relationships of the plants in the tribe Pachy-cereeae, concluding that Backebergia Pachycereus mili-taris , Cephalocereus, and Neobuxbaumia are a distinct evolutionary lineage. In fact, the species he included in Neobuxbaumia had formerly been in either Cephalocereus or Pachycereus. However, the work of Arthur...

Acanthocereus colombianus sp nov

Acanthocereus

Erect, branching dichotomously, 2 to 3 meters high joints about 9 cm. wide, strongly 3-winged areoles large, 5 cm. apart radial spines 5 to 8, very short, less than 5 mm. long central spines 1 or 2, very stout, 4 to 5.5 cm. long flower 25 cm. long, white, with a rather stout tube 12 cm. long, the gradually expanded throat 5 to 6 cm. long. Collected by Francis W. Pennell and Henry H. Rusby near Calamar, Colombia, July 10, 1917 z-nt . junJUi-lLJC -4-U Fig. 181. Part of joint of A. horridus. X0.4....

Rauhocereus

Rauhocereus

In 1957 Curt Backeberg described Rauhocereus, honoring Werner Rauh, professor of botany at the University of Heidelberg and a major contributor to our knowledge of succulent plants. The cactus has been brought into cultivation and it is handsomely columnar, producing large white flowers at night in summer. Research has shown that Rauhocereus is closely related to Browningia Gordon Rowley placed it in that genus in 1982. Arthur Gibson 1992 , however, in his extensive analysis of the group of...

Opuntia amyclaea Tenore 1826

Loros Antillanos

Stem segments oblong to elliptical, glaucous dark green, thick, 30-40 cm 12-16 in long. Leaves sharp pointed, red, to 4 mm long. Areoles small with one or two short bristles. Glochids brownish, falling away. Spines 1-4, rigid, diverging, almost perpendicular, whitish, usually less than 3 cm 1.2 in long. Flowers yellow. Fruits not juicy. Distribution Mexico. Opuntia amyclaea apparently has been cultivated since pre-Hispanic times, so its natural distribution is unclear. Some...

Literature Cited

Prehistoric psychotropic drug use in northeastern Mexico andTrans-PecosTexas. Economic Botany30 94-96. Agurell, S., J. G. Bruhn, J. Lundstrom, and U. Svensson. 1971. Cactaceae alkaloids. X. Alkaloids of Trichocereus species and some other cacti. Uoydia 34 183-187. Anderson, E. F. 1960. A revision of Ariocarpus Cactaceae . I. The status of the proposed genus Roseocactus. American Journal of Botany 47 582-589. Anderson, E. F. 1962. A revision of Ariocarpus...

Neoraimondia

Neoraimondia Arequipensis

One of the most striking cacti to be seen along the coast of Peru is Neoraimondia arequipensis. Likewise, the other species of the genus, N. herzogiana, is an even larger, more dominant plant in central Bolivia. The nomenclatural history of N. arequipensis is somewhat complicated. The plant was described by Karl Schumann in 1903 as Pilocereus macrostibas. Nathaniel Britton and Joseph Rose, describing the genus Neoraimondia, chose P. macrostibas as the type, but Curt Backeberg 1958-1962,2 874...

Parodia nothorauschii D R Hunt 1997

Parodia Compressa

Notocactus rauschliVliet 1969, not Parodia rauschii Backebergex D. R. Hunt 1997 see P. aureicentra Notocactus spinibarbis F. Ritter 1979 Plants solitary, globose to short cylindrical, blue-green, to 21 cm 8.3 in high and 16 cm 6.3 in in diameter, with dense wool and spines covering the stem tips. Ribs 20-28, forming humps with chinlike protrusions. Areoles woolly at first, later naked. Central spines as many as 4, sometimes difficult to distinguish from radials, tending to point downward, black...

Tia Stenopetala Cactus

A small floral diameter (40-45 mm), such as Ferocactus histrix and Diadasia spp., medium-sized bees are less-frequent visitors. Instead, smaller bees (e.g., Ashmeadiella spp., 5-7 mm in body length) are the major pollinators (del Castillo 1994). These bees also are less common flower visitors for opuntias and, because of their small size, when they do enter flowers, they may do so without touching the stigma (del Castillo and Gonz lez-Espinosa 1988). Cacti with small, bowl-shaped flowers, such...

The West Indies

The West Indies Cactus

The Caribbean islands form an archipelago of over 1000 islands of considerable range in size, altitude, soil types and environmental niches. Exposed land surfaces cover a distance of 2700 km from Barbados on the east, to the western tip of Cuba, while the distance from Grenada in the Lesser Antilles to the northern tip of the Bahamas is 1900 km. The islands range in size from Cuba, with 114,500 km2 and a vascular flora of over 6000 species, to islets of small rocks of a few square metres and a...

Cactus on a grand scale

While many cactus can be kept small and contained happily in pots for years, there are just as many that have the potential to reach grand proportions if given ideal conditions. With dry, hot and very sunny summers as well as frosty winters, Jim has found that cactus grow best for him when they are planted in the garden where their roots can grow unrestricted. This cactus garden is large by anyone's standards and gives Jim the freedom to grow plants big. A great assortment of succulent types...

Plants simply substitute coarse sand for the soil mixture usually used to build the mound

Plants in the rock garden should be carcfully arranged ac cording to size, habit, color, and texture. They must never be crowded or planted in regular lines, but in well-spaced drifts with plenty of open ground between. Plants requiring similar treatment or watering are best placed together Plants requiring shade can be grown beside taller species, near rocks or tn the shade of small-leaved desert trees like the Jerusalem Thorn, Parkinsonia acu eata,, set in or near the bed. The planting may...

Pests and Diseases

Fondos Pantalla Ordenador Tumblr

(here are a number of pests and diseases that attack succulents, but all of them are easily recognized and controlled by simple methods. The best method, of course, is prevention The collector who buys only healthy, vigorous stock, plants and spaces his collection carefully and provides constant cleanliness, light, and air will rarely encounter more than two or three of these troubles in his career. For, like human ills, these disorders are not natural to succulents but the result of...

Textfigures

Hedge of Pereskia pereskia 7 2. Tree of Pereskia autumnalis 11 3. Branches of Pereskia autumnalis 12 4. Branch of Pereskia lychnidiflora 12 5. Leafy branch of Pereskia nicoyana 13 6. Branch of Pereskia zehntneri 13 7. Cultivated plant of Pereskia zehntneri . 14 8. Herbarium specimen of Pereskia moorei 15 9. Tree of Pereskia guamacho 15 10. Flowering branch of Pereskia guamacho 16 11. Leafy branch and flower of Pereskia 12. Branch and fruit of Pereskia bleo 18 13. Fruit of Pereskia...

The Purslane Family

Succulent Plant With Dried Stipule

This is another Family of the Order Caryophyllales. and all its members are more or less succulent. However, many are small-flowered annuals and of interest only to the botanist. Of the 19 genera, about seven are represented in succulent collections. All are leaf succulents. although with a frequent tendency to the caudiciform in Anacampseros A. alstonii, 21.22 . Talinum T. caffrum. T. guadalupense. 15.4 and some Portu-lacas. The leaves are always entire and often bear at the base long white...