The earliest reference that I can trace to succulents is in a rare book of the early seventeenth century1 by a Swiss botanist who lists a number of plants with fleshy leaves, and notes their ability to survive on stored water long after uprooting. An Englishman, Richard Bradley, who was the first Professor of Botany at Cambridge (1724-1732), includes both leaf and stem succulents in his book2 and defines them as plants 'that are not capable of an hortus siccus'— that is. cannot be pressed to make presentable specimens for the herbarium for systematic botanical study.
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