William Davidson and T C Rochford

House Plants illustrated by Henry Barnett Cacti and Succulents illustrated by June Baker


Grevillea Robusta FlowerList Common Succulents

Contents Introductlon 8

Common Name List 10

House Plants

Choosing House Plants 13 General Care of House Plants 13 Cleaning and General Hygiene 15 Pests and Diseases 15 Compost and Potting 16 Hydroculture - Growing Plants without Soil 17 Effective Display 18 Propagation 19

Easy House Plants An A to Z List 20 Moderately Easy House Plants An A to Z List 76 Difficult House Plants An A to Z List 84

Cacti and Succulents

Distribution of Succulents 93 Distinguishing Features 94 Pests and Diseases 95 Propagation 95 General Care of Succulents 97 Key to the Arrangement of Plants in the Text 98

Autumn Craft Ideas Adults

True Cacti with Areoles

Pereskieae 100 Opuntieae 101 Cereanae 108 Hylocereanae 119 Echinocereanae 121 Echinocactanae 129 Cactanae 148 Coryphanthanae 149 Epiphyllanae 161 Rhipsalidanae 163

Succulents with Milky Sap

Euphorbiaceae 165 Living Stones 170 Rosette-forming Succulents 174 Succulents with Upright, Arched or Hanging Stems 179

Index 189


Many of us find that having plants around us is as important as having food and drink. And this need has been present ever since the first dandelion or papyrus was popped into a pot to decorate the corner of a room.

In recent years there has been a vast increase in the number and range of plants available for growing indoors, and it is safe to assume that there is a correspondingly large increase in the number of gardeners and plant lovers generally who are deriving great pleasure from growing plants in pots. For many, it would seem, indoor plants become as important as - sometimes even more important than - their pets, even to the point where they are fussed over and chatted to in the certain belief that they will grow and perform better as a result. When one sees their plants, who can deny that there might be something in their point of view.

There has also been a corresponding escalation of interest in the more specialized cultivation of cacti and succulents, some of which can be grown as house plants but most of which are better suited for greenhouse or conservatory cultivation. They are indeed enthusiasts' plants in the real sense of that term, with the fascination coming from the achievement of growing them successfully and in getting them to flower.

What we have attempted to do in this book, with the help of our two artists, June Baker and Henry Barnett, is to describe and illustrate a fully representative range of the finest and most desirable species and varieties of a very large number of genera. One thing which has also been fully allowed for is the convenience of readers in that the descriptions and cultural advice are always immediately below the relevant illustrations. In addition, the plants are grouped together logically, either from the viewpoint of ease or otherwise of cultivation (in the case of the house plants) or ease of identification in the case of

Over the last two decades, progress and innovation have been very much a part of the indoor-gardening scene. Not only have many fine new plants been introduced, but improvements in growing techniques and the availability of specially formulated composts have made it much easier to achieve success. One of the latest developments has been hydroponics, or soilless culture. This has been made possible at domestic level by the development of ion-exchange fertilizers which reproduce the buffering effect of soil. Hydroculture, as it is called, means that the house-plant owner no longer has to gauge the watering and feeding of the plants so accurately.

One thing which can confidently be predicted is that the interest in both these groups of plants will continue to increase. We hope that this book will make some small contribution towards your enjoyment of them over the years.

Aaron's Beard, Opumia leucotriclia African Violet, Saintpaulia African Wind Flower, Sparmannia

Amazon Lily, Eucltaris grandiflora

Common Names with their Botanical Equivalents

Aaron's Beard, Opumia leucotriclia African Violet, Saintpaulia African Wind Flower, Sparmannia

Amazon Lily, Eucltaris grandiflora

Baby's Tears, Helxine soleirolii Bamboo, Bambusa Bastard Jasmine, Cestrum Bay Tree, Laurus nobilis Beavertail Cactus, Opunlia basilaris Bellflower, Campanula Bird's Nest Fem. Asplenium nidus Bird of Paradise Flower, Strelilzia reg Bishop's Cap Cactus, Aslrophylum Black-eyed Susan, Thunbergia alala Boston Fem, Nephrolepis cxaltatu

Bottle Brush. Callislemon Busy Lizzie, ¡mpaliens Butterfly Flower, Schizanthus

Calamondin Orange, Citrus mitis Cape Heath, Erica Cape Ivy, Senecio macroglossus Cape Jasmine, Gardenia jasminoides Cape Primrose, Slreplocarpus Cast Iron Plant, Aspidistra lurida Castor Oil Plant, Ricinus communis Century Plant, Agave Chenille Plant, Acalypha hispida Chimney Bellflower, Campanula pyramidalis Chin Cacti, Gymnocalycium Chiotilla, Escontria chiotilla Christmas Cactus, Zygocactus truncatus Cigar Plant. Cupliea plalycentra Clog Plant, Hypocyrta glabra Coconut Palm, Cocos nucifera Coffee, Coffea arabica Copperleaf, Acalypha wilkesiana Coral Berry, Ardisia crispa Corncob Cactus, Euphorbia mammillaris Creeping Fig, Ficus pumila Creeping Devil Cactus, Macliaerocereus

Croton, Codiaeum

Crown of Thorns, Euphorbia milii.

Cups and Saucers, Cobaea scandens

Date Palm. Phoenix Devil's Tongue. Ferocactus co Donkey's Ears, Sansevieria Drunkard's Dream. Hariota s Dumb Cane, Dieffenbachia

False Aralia. Dizygotheca elegantissima Fiddle-leaf Fig, Ficus lyrata Fig, Ficus

Flaming Dragontree. Dracaena lerminalis Flamingo Plant, Anthurium scherzerianum Freckle Face, Hypoestes sanguinolenta

Carrambulla, Myrtillocactu\ geomelrizans Geranium, Pelargonium German Ivy, Senecio mikanioides Golden Barrel Cactus, Echinocactus

Goose-foot Plant, Nephtltytis Grape Ivy, Rhoicissus rhomboidea Gum Tree. Eucalyptus

Hare's Foot Fem. Darallia canariensis Hart's-tongue Fern. Phyllitis scolopendrium Heath, Cape, Erica Heather, Erica

Hedgehog Cactus. Echinocereanae.

Echinocactanae Heliotrope. Heliotropium Herringbone Plant, Maranta leuconeura erythrophylla Hot-water Plant. Acliimenes Houseleek, Sempervivum

Italian Bellflower, Campanula isophylla Ivy, Hedera Cape, Senecio macroglossus German, Senecio mikanioides Grape, Rhoicissus rhomboidea

Jade Plants, Crassula arborescens. C. portulacea. C. laclea

Bastard, Ceslrum Cape. Gardenia jasminoides Madagascar. Stephanotis floribunda Jelly Beans. Sedum pachyphyllum

Kaffir Lily, Clivia Kangaroo Vine, Cissus anlarclica King of Tree Philodendrons, Philodendron eichlerii

Lady's Fingernail. Neoregelia spectabilis Laurel, Spotted, Aucuba japónica Lemon, Citrus

Lemon-scented Verbena, Lippia cilriodora Living Stones, Lithops Lobster Claw, Clianlhus Lollipop Plant, Pachyslachys lulea

Madagascar Jasmine. Stephanotis floribunda Maidenhair Fern, Adiantum Medusa's Head. Euphorbia caput-medusae Mind-your-own-business, Helxine soleirolii

Money Trees, Crassula arborescens.

Morning Glory, Ipomoea Moses-on-a-raft. Rhoeo discolor Mother-in-law's Armchair, Echinocaclus grusonii

Mother-in-law's Tongue, Sansevieria N

Norfolk island Pine, Araucaria excelsa

Palms. Kentia, Neanthe. Phoenix Parlour Palm, Kentia fosteriana Parasol Plant, Heptapleurum arboricola Partridge Breasted Aloe, Aloe variegata Pasacana, Trichocereus pasacana Passion Flower, Passiflora Peacock Plant, Calathea makoyana Peyote Cactus, Lopliophora trilliamsii Pick-a-back Plant. Tolmiea menziesii Pineapple. Ananas Pitahaya, Carnegiea gigantea Poinsettia, Euphorbia pulcherrima Polka Dot Plant, Hypoestes sanguinolenta Polka Dots, Opuntia macrodasys albispina Pomegranate, Punica granatum Pony-tail Plant, Nolina recurvata Poor Man's Orchid, Schizanthus Prayer Plant, Maranta leuconeura kerchoveana Prickly Pear, Opuntia Primrose, Cape, Streptocarpus Princess of the Night, Selenicereus pteranthus Purple Heart, Setcreasea purpurea

Queen of the Night, Selenicereus grandiflorus

Rabbit's Tracks, Maranta leuconeura kerchoveana Rat's-tail Cactus, Aporocactus flagelliformis Red-hot Cat's Tail, Acalypha hispida Rubber Plant. Ficus elastica s

Saguaro. Carnegiea gigantea

Screw Pine. Pandanus veitchii

Sensitive Plant. Mimosa pudica

Shrimp Plant, Beloperone guttata

Silk Oak, Grevillea robusta

Snake Plant, Sansevieria

Snow in Summer, Cerastium tomentosum

Song of India. Pleomele reflexa variegata

Spanish Moss. Tillandsia usneoides

Spider Cactus, Gymnocalycium denudatum

Spider Plant. Chlorophytum

Spotted Laurel. Aucuba japonica

Spurge, Euphorbia

Stag's Horn Fera. Platycerium

Stick Cactus. Euphorbia tirucallii

Stonecrop. Sedum

Strawberry Cactus. Echinocereus enneacanthus. E. salm-dyckianus Sweetheart Plant. Philodendron scandens Swiss Cheese Plant. Monstera

Three-men-in-a-boat. Rhoeo discolor

Tiger Jaws. Faucaria tigrina

Turk's Head Cactus. Melocactus maxonii u

Umbrella Plant. Cyperus V

Variegated Yam. Dioscorea discolor Venus Fly Trap. Dionaea muscipula Verbena. Lemon-scented. Lippia cilriodora

Wax Plant, Hoya

Weeping Fig. Ficus benjamina

White Sails. Spathiphyllum

Whitsun Cactus, Schlumbergera gaertneri

Winter Cherry, Solanum capsicastrum

Old Man Cactus, Cephalocereus senilis.

Espostoa Ianata Old Lady Cactus, Mammillaria hahniana,

M. Ianata Oleander, Nerium oleander Orange, Citrus

Yam, Variegated, Dioscorea discolor

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