Wildgrown Specimens

The regulation of trade in the species concerned is provided by a system of permits. Importation for commercial purposes of specimens of species listed in Appendix I of wild origin is not allowed. Trade that is not commercial - for scientific purposes, for example - requires that the country of importation issues an import permit before an export permit may be issued by the exporting country.

Commercial trade in specimens of species listed in Appendix II of wild origin is allowed on the condition that an export permit is issued by the country of export. In the case of re-export of specimens that have been imported from another country, a re-export certificate may be issued once it has been proved that the specimens were legally imported.

These are the basic requirements as included in the text of the Convention. However, each country may take stricter measures if it wishes. For example, some countries - Peru, Brazil and Mexico - have decided not to allow the export of any wild plants from their territories. This means that they do not issue export permits for wild-collected plants. By taking this measure they ensure that, if plants are taken illegally, they may not be imported legally into another country. The European Community requires that an import permit or certificate be issued for any importation of CITES specimens into the territory of its member states.

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