Mokaceae Link Dicotyledons

The Moraceae family includes about 50 genera and over 1,200 species which are very diverse in habit, ranging from large trees to small herbaceous plants, usually with milky latex. Rowers are small and, in most genera, are wind pollinated. (Ficus flowers are pollinated by insects.) The flowers are grouped in inflorescences, with thickened axes forming an invaginated receptacle. The most extreme form is found in Ficus: the flowers are actually inside the fig, and the pulp we eat is composed of hundreds of fruits and

Distribution: tropical and temperate regions. Genera Illustrated

Dorstenia L.

A genus of low-growing plants with slender stems and tuber-like rhizomes. Inflorescences are solitary and may be regarded as a fig inflorescence lhat is not enclosed (Fig. 6). Distribution: tropical Africa and America.

Fig. 6 The members of llie Moraceae family have small flowers. In most genera these are wind pollinated, although those of the Ficus are insect pollinated. The flowers are grouped in inflorescences, with thickened axes forming an invaginated receptacle. The most extreme form is found in Ficus: the flowers are actually inside the fig and the pulp we eat is formed by hundreds of fruits and seeds. In Dorstenia the inflorescence may be regarded as resembling the inflorescence of a fig that is not enclosed. The illustration is based on the flowers of Dorstenia.

Fig. 6 The members of llie Moraceae family have small flowers. In most genera these are wind pollinated, although those of the Ficus are insect pollinated. The flowers are grouped in inflorescences, with thickened axes forming an invaginated receptacle. The most extreme form is found in Ficus: the flowers are actually inside the fig and the pulp we eat is formed by hundreds of fruits and seeds. In Dorstenia the inflorescence may be regarded as resembling the inflorescence of a fig that is not enclosed. The illustration is based on the flowers of Dorstenia.

The trees or climbing vines within this genus contain latex. The leaves are simple, and the flowers are very small, with up to several thousands enclosed in a single receptacle. Distribution: tropical and temperate regions.

OXALIDACEAE R.Br. (DICOTYLEDONS)

The small trees or herbs within this family have tubers and trifoliate leaves. The fruit is a capsule.

Distribution: tropical and temperate regions.

Genus Illustrated

Oxalis L.

A genus of stemless herbaceous plants with tuberous roots. The trifoliate, long-stalked leaves are usually lowered at night. The flowers are yellow. Fruits explode when they achieve maturity, dispersing the seeds over considerable distances.

Distribution: southern Africa and South America; some species are naturalized in Europe and have become perni-

PASS1FL0RACEAE Juss. (DICOTYLEDONS) Lianas, shrubs or trees with lobed leaves arranged in

Genus Illustrated

Adenia Forsk.

A genus of herbaceous climbers with tendrils. The species of interest to succulent enthusiasts have swollen roots. Distribution: Africa to Asia.

PEDAIJACEAE R.Br. (DICOTYLEDONS) A family of shrubs or herbs with opposite, usually hairy, leaves. The flowers are campanulate, and the fruit is a capsule, often armed with spines or prickles. Distribution: temperate and warm regions. Genera Illustrated Pterodiscus Hook.

A genus containing species of small herbaceous plants and shrubs with succulent, swollen caudices and tuberous roots. The leaves, which have undulate margins, are variable in shape. Flowers arise from the leaf axils. Distribution: Angola, Namibia and South Africa.

Sesamothamnus Welw.

A few species of spiny shrubs or small trees, with short leafy shoots in the axils of the thorns.

Distribution: Angola, Botswana, Ethiopia, Namibia and

Somalia.

Uncarina Stapf

A genus of nine species found in the dry to arid regions of south Madagascar. The flowers are yellow or maroon to

Distribution: Madagascar.

PIPF.RACEAE C. Agardh (DICOTYLEDONS) The Piperaceae family contains species ranging from herbaceous plants to small trees, many of which are aromatic. The leaves are simple, and there are small flowers. Pepper is obtained from Piper nigrum, a member of this

Distribution: tropical regions. Genus Illustrated

Peperomia Ruiz & Pav.

A genus of small succulent herbs with minute flowers. Distribution: tropical regions.

PORTULACACEAE Juss. (DICOTYLEDONS)

This family contains more than 20 genera and 400 species of shrubs and herbaceous plants with succulent leaves. The leaves are entire and often bear long hairs at their base. The flowers are small, but they may be very showy in some species. The family is widespread in tropical and temperate regions. Genera Illustrated Anacampseros L.

The genus contains dwarf plants that have papery stipules covering the small leaves or hair-like stipules among the succulent leaves.

Distribution: Argentina (one species), Australia (one species), Namibia and South Africa. Ceraria Pearson & Stephens.

A genus of shrubs and branches with reduced leaves. The inflorescence has from two to six small pink flowers. Distribution: Namibia and South Africa. Lewisia Pursh

A group of low-growing plants with fleshy taproots and leaves arranged in rosettes.

Distribution: west to north North America.

succulent families and genera

Portulaca L.

Trailing herbs with opposite leaves and tufts of bristles in the axils. The purple or yellow flowers open only in direct sunshine.

Distribution: tropical regions. Portulacaria Jacq.

A genus of plants with branches covered with succulent leaves. The small flowers are pink. Distribution: Mozambique, Namibia and South Africa. Tatinum Adans.

Plants with fleshy roots and annual, shrubby branches. The flowers have two-keeled sepals. Distribution: tropical regions.

RUBIACEAE Juss. (DICOTYLEDONS)

A large family of trees, shrubs and lianas, although very few genera are of interest to succulent collectors. Coffea species (coffee) belong to this family.

Distribution: Africa, Asia and Europe.

Genus Illustrated

Myrmecodia Jack

A genus of woody shrubs with large tubers, which are usually inhabited by ants in the wild. The tuber contains a series of cavities, filled with dead plant material. The ants remove the dead material and use the cavities as nests. There are several advantages to the plants for this symbiosis, the main one being defence: the ants keep potential predators away from the plants. Another advantage is the re-use of the carbon dioxide produced by the respiration of the ants.

Distribution: Indonesia and New Guinea.

VITACEAE Juss. (DICOTYLEDONS)

A family containing about 12 genera and 700 species of lianas with tendrils or small trees. Only two genera are of interest to the succulent collector. Included in this family is the grapevine, Vitis vinifera.

Distribution: widespread in tropical regions.

Genera Illustrated

A genus of climbing plants with tendrils and opposite leaves. A few species have succulent roots and leaves. Distribution: tropical and subtropical regions. Cyphostemma (Planch.) Alston

There are approximately 150 species of caudiciform shrubs or trees within this genus. The leaves are clustered at the apices of stems. Succulent species may achieve huge dimensions.

Distribution: southern and eastern Africa and Madagascar.

WEI.WITSCHIACEAE Markgr. (CYMNOSPERMS) A monotypic family belonging to the Gymnosperms group, together with cycads and conifers. The pollen is dispersed by the wind. Distribution: Angola and Namibia. Welivitschia Hook.f. A monotypic genus.

STERCULIACEAE Banal. (DICOTYLEDONS) A family of trees and shrubs, but with no true succulent plants. Some species are cultivated for their bonsai or caudiciform aspect. Distribution: tropical regions. Genus Illustrated Brachychiton Schott and Endl.

A genus of trees with swollen trunks and entire or deeply palmate leaves.

Distribution: Australia and Papua New Guinea.

ILLUSTRATED A-Z OF SPECIES

Adenia glauca Schinz

Adromischus triflorus (L.f.) A. Berger

Stems to 10 cm with few branches .it base; leaves convex on both sides and ,\dromschu$ pmcuri'iis C.A. 5m.; A. subcoinprcssus Poeltn.; A. subpeliolaris South Africa (Cape Province)

Aeonium glandulosum Webb & Berth.

Rosettes with rhomboidal leaves covered by soft hairs; yellow flowers. Atonium mcyerlirinw Bolle

ico; naturalized (?) in several Mediterranean countries

Aeonium glutinosum (Ailon) A. Berger cence 30 cm tall; yellow to white flowers.

Hemispherical bush to 30cn» high, with several thin branches ending in small

Aeonium lindleyi Webb & Berth.

Hemispherical bush to 30cn» high, with several thin branches ending in small

Aeonium gomerense Praeger

0 cm high Willi many side branches; leaves arranged in rosettes 6 cm mBmTm

Aeonium spathulatum Praeger

Branches to 90 cm high with small rosettes; leaves 3-4 cm long with cartilaginous margins; yellow flowers, Canary Islands

Agave angustifolia var. margínala Horl.

Stem to 40 cm high with offsets; rosettes 1 m in diameter with several leaves 50-80 cm long and ending in 18 mm long terminal spine; inflorescence to 2.7 m talL This variety has while leaf margins.

Agave celsii var. albicans (Jacobi) Gentry

Ifcisettes of pale green, undulate leaves to 70 cm long and armed with 3 mm A. mitis Jacobi

Agave attenuata Salm-Dyck

Stem lo 1.5 m high and 10 cm thick; rosettes with 20-25 spineless, glaucous grey to pale yellowish-green leaves 70 cm long; pendent inflorescence to 2 m long; greenish-yellow flowers.

Agave colimana Gentry

Short-stemmed rosettes; green leaves, 50-70 cm long, with brown margins and dark brown terminal spines 8 mm long; inflorescence to 3 m taH; yellow

Mexico

Agave victoriae-reginae x lechuguilla ampact hybrid; grey-green leave*

Agave victoriae-reginae x lechuguilla ampact hybrid; grey-green leave*

Agave xylonacantha Salm-Dyck yellow flowers. ^ * P*

Aichryson bethencourtianum Webb

Low shnib 20-30 cm high with hairy branches ending in small rosettes; leaves Canary Islands

Aloe bellatula Reynolds

Rosettes freely dickering from base and forming dense groups: green leaves 15-20 cm long with pale green areas; inflorescence about 50 cm tall; coral-red

Madagascar CITES App. II

Stems to 1 in high, branching

SBHSs base and narrowing towards sezEissr cence to 1 m tall; red flowers. Plant photographed in habitat.

Aloe brevifolia Mill.

Stemless rosettes 8 cm in diameter with several offshoots from base forming large clumps; leaves 6 cm long and 2 cm wide at base with little white teeth;

Atoc prolifera Haw.

South Africa (Cape Province) CITES App. II

Aloe ciliaris Haw.

A yellow-flowering variety. Central Namibia

CITES App. II

Aloe hereroensis var. lutea A. Berger

A yellow-flowering variety. Central Namibia

CITES App. II

Aloe hemmingii Reynolds

Stemlcss or short-stemmed rosettes; recurved brownish-green leaves 10-14 cm long and 3 cm wide at base with dull white streaks and marginal spines; ln-

Somalia CITES App. II

Aloe hereroensis Hngl.

Short-stemmed rosettes; grey-green leaves 25-35 cm long brown teeth; i 1-2 m tall; orange to scarlet

Namibia, South Africa (Cape CITES App.n

anacampseros

Bottle-shaped tree; leaves digitate on young plants, simple

Brachychiton rupestris

Bottle-shaped tree; leaves digitate on young plants, simple

Brachystelma pygmaeum (Schltr.) N.E. Br.

ASCLEPIADACEAE

Caudex napiform (tumip-shaped) with flattened ape*; stems 5-10 cm long; caducous, green leaves 2 cm long; yellow flowers.

Brachystelma dinteri Schltr.

South Africa (Cope Province)

Brachystelma pygmaeum (Schltr.) N.E. Br.

ASCLEPIADACEAE

Caudex napiform (tumip-shaped) with flattened ape*; stems 5-10 cm long; caducous, green leaves 2 cm long; yellow flowers.

Brachystelma barberae Harv. cx Hook.

10-20 cm long; malodorous, dirty purple flowers with yellow centres. South Africa (Cape Province, Natal. Transvaal), Zimbabwe

Brachystelma brevipediccllatum

Turrill

Caralluma europaea (Guss.) N.H. Br.

caducous leaves; 6-10 red-brown flowers with yellow stripes. Slaptlia europaea Guss.

Ceropegia africana R. Br.

South Africa (Cape Province) CITES App. II

Ceropegia amplíala E. Mey.

flowers with transverse purple band inside.

South Africa (Cape Province) CITES App. II

tauucous leaves 5^7 mm long; grey-green flowers. Madagascar CITES App. II
Ceropegia bulbosa Roxb.

CITES App. II

Haw.

Dichotomously branching

II

and 2-3 mm wide; yellow

IV9

Ceropegia hians Svent.

is

CITES App. II

mi m

Chciridopsis bibracteata (Haw.) N.E. Br.

Cheiridopsis borealis L. Bol.

Gumps of 4-leaved branches; leaves to 3 cm long and united at base; yellow

South Africa (Cap*- Province)

Cheiridopsis candidissima (Haw.) N.E. Br.

8-10 cm long limited to 1 pair to each stem; white flowers. Namibia. South Africa (Cape Province)

8-10 cm long limited to 1 pair to each stem; white flowers. Namibia. South Africa (Cape Province)

Cheiridopsis caroli-schmidthii (Dinter & A. Berger) N.E. B
Chciridopsis cigarettifera (A.Berger) N.E. Br.

diameter, narrowing below; bodies pale green or blue-green scattered with grey dots sheath; white flowers with

South Africa (Cape Province!

Elongated body to 4 cm long, separated above into 2 lobes; body whitish-green with dark green spots; flowers yellow. Probably a variant of C. bilobuni

Namibia/South Africa (Little Namaqualand)

Elongated body to 4 cm long, separated above into 2 lobes; body whitish-green with dark green spots; flowers yellow. Probably a variant of C. bilobuni

Namibia/South Africa (Little Namaqualand)

diameter, narrowing below; bodies pale green or blue-green scattered with grey dots sheath; white flowers with

South Africa (Cape Province!

Conophytum areolatum Littlew.

Similar (o C fvllua'jiim Schwanles. ^

Namibia/South Africa (Little Namaqualand)

Conophytum astylum L. Bol.

Green to brownish-green bodies 10-15 mm long, with numerous small dots; South Africa (Cape Province)

Conophytum catervum N.E. Br.

Conophytum burgeri L. Bol.

Pale green to deep purple-red, globose bodies 1 -2 cm in diameter, with base broader than apex and with persistent, whitish sheath; pink flowers.

conophytum r

Conophylum concavum L. Bol.

•lowers. I lammer ascribes (his species to C bihhmtl (Marloth) N.I;. Br.

Conophylum eclypum N.E. Br.

Compressed, pale green bodies less than 1 cm in dia-. free only at Hps; yellow cSiS'vanel>'

South Africa (Cape Province)

cSiS'vanel>'

South Africa (Cape Province)

Conophytum extractum Tisch.

Heart-shaped, dark, glaucous green bodies 2-3 cm long and 1-1.5 covered with dots; yellow llowers. According to I lammer this species may be ,------ . ~ , , , Mj,ea. . . . .

Conophytum hirtum Schvvanles

Light green bodies lo 1.5 cm long .'¡id Ui 3 mm thick with short lobes; yellow South Africa (Cape Province)

Conophylum koubergense L. Bol.

Conophytum lavisianum L. Bol.

Conophytum karamoepense L. Bol.

Conophylum lithopoides L. Bol.

Rusty brown to yellow-green bodies lo 15 mm long and 8 mm wide with line haire and windows; flowers purple. Namibia IBushmanland)

Conophylum johannis-winkleri (Dinter & Schwantes) N.E. Br.

UESEMBRVAXTHEMACEAE Namibia

Conophylum johannis-winkleri (Dinter & Schwantes) N.E. Br.

UESEMBRVAXTHEMACEAE Namibia

Conophytum pearsonii N.E. Br.

stripes and several dots; cream flowers. A variable species. South Africa (Cape Province)

Conophytum polyandrum Lavis

Pale green bodies divided into 2 short lobes and covered with darker dots; South Africa (Cape Province)

Conophytum pubicalyx Lavis

Small, green, papillate and pear-shaped bodies 5 mm long and 2-31 South Africa (Cape Province)

Conophytum pulchellum Tischer

Caespitose plants; light green bodies 15 mm long and 7 mm in diameter with South Africa (Cape Province)

Conophytum rarum N.E. Br.

South Africa (Cape Province)

Sí;?5™2«

Cyanotis somalensis C.B. Clarke

Cynanchum aphyllum (Thunb.) Schltr.

Cylindrophyllum complonii L. Bol.

2/an and more in diameter; sifvery-white flowers.

Crassula letragona L.

Cylindrophyllum complonii L. Bol.

2/an and more in diameter; sifvery-white flowers.

Cynanchum aphyllum (Thunb.) Schltr.

Crassula letragona L.

green leaves to 8 cm long; white flowers.

Cyanotis somalensis C.B. Clarke

Delosperma echinatum

(Aiton) Schawntes green sfems; leaves 15 mm long and 7 mm thick and yellow flowers. ^ P South Africa (Cape Province)

Delosperma tradescantioides (A.Berger) L. Bol.

MESEMBRYANTHEMACEAE

Freely branching low shrub; branches rooting at nodes; light green leaves 2-3 cm long, 1 cm wide and 1-2 mm thick; flowers white. South Africa (Cape Province)

Delosperma obtusum L. Bol.

MESEMBRYANTHEMACEAE

Shrub with prostrate branches; leaves 1-2 cm long and triangular in section;

purple-red flowers.

South Africa (Orange Free State)

Delosperma nubigenum (Schltr.) L. Bol.

Mat-forming plants; stems with branches to 21) cm long; leaves 3-5 cm long and narrowed towards base; yellow flowers, A hardy species. South Africa (Cape Province)

Delosperma obtusum L. Bol.

MESEMBRYANTHEMACEAE

Shrub with prostrate branches; leaves 1-2 cm long and triangular in section;

purple-red flowers.

South Africa (Orange Free State)

Delosperma tradescantioides (A.Berger) L. Bol.

MESEMBRYANTHEMACEAE

Freely branching low shrub; branches rooting at nodes; light green leaves 2-3 cm long, 1 cm wide and 1-2 mm thick; flowers white. South Africa (Cape Province)

Deuterocohnia longipetala (Baker) Mez

Stems to 1 m long; rosette-forming leaves 40 cm long; yellow flowers with

Dorstenia sp.

MORACEAR

Thick, succulent stems; green leaves with dentate margins; greenish-yellow.

dentate margins, borne at growing apices; greenish-

10 cm long stalk.

Dorstenia sp.

MORACEAR

Thick, succulent stems; green leaves with dentate margins; greenish-yellow.

Dorstenia crispa Engl.

dentate margins, borne at growing apices; greenish-

10 cm long stalk.

Dudleya pauciflora Rose growing in clumps, with 15-20 deltoid to oblong leaves late teeth; dark brownish-red (lowers.

Dudleya pauciflora Rose growing in clumps, with 15-20 deltoid to oblong leaves

Duvalia polita N.E. Br.

late teeth; dark brownish-red (lowers.

Dyckia brevifolia Baker

Stemless rosettes; leaves 10-20 cm long with marginal spines 2 mm long;

yellow flowers.

Brazil

Duvalia elegans (Masson) Haw.

Stcms4-or3-angled. 4-6 cm long and 1-1.5 cm in diameter with tuberculate teeth; red-brown to blown flowers with yellow-brown inner whorl. South Africa

Duvalia angustiloba N.E. Br.

South Africa

Short-stemmed. solitary rosettes; silveiy-white^leavesto 25 cm long and 10 cm

Echeveria subrigida (Robinson & Seaton) Rose

Short-stemmed. solitary rosettes; silveiy-white^leavesto 25 cm long and 10 cm flowers with ycilouM^This is a hybrid of Pachjplii/Um bracteosum Link, Klotzsch 4 Otto and Echeveria stcunda Booth.

Echidnopsis sculellala subsp. dhofarensis Bruyns

!&wä^lIovvnowcn?0US

Echidnopsis scutellala subsp. planiflora (Ii,illy| Bruyns

Echidnopsis sculellala subsp. dhofarensis Bruyns

!&wä^lIovvnowcn?0US

Echidnopsis scutellala subsp. planiflora (Ii,illy| Bruyns

Stems 5-angled. to 30 cm high and with sharp thorny teeth; single, pale yellow

Shrub 10-15 cm high; grey-green leaves 2-3 cm long and 6 mm in diameter;

50 cm long and rooting^along tubercles with caducous

Enarganthe octonaria (L. Bui.) L. Bol.

Shrub 10-15 cm high; grey-green leaves 2-3 cm long and 6 mm in diameter;

Echidnopsis squamulata

50 cm long and rooting^along tubercles with caducous

Edithcolea grandis N.E. Br.

Stems 5-angled. to 30 cm high and with sharp thorny teeth; single, pale yellow

Euphorbia aphyila

Euphorbia albipollinifera L.C. Leach

Euphorbia ambovombensis Rauh & Razaf.

Euphorbia alfredii Rauh

Euphorbia aeruginosa Schweick.

Small caudcx with numerous branches from läse; 4- to 5-angled br

Euphorbia alcicornis Svent.

Euphorbia albipollinifera L.C. Leach

Euphorbia alfredii Rauh

Euphorbia ambovombensis Rauh & Razaf.

Euphorbia aeruginosa Schweick.

Small caudcx with numerous branches from läse; 4- to 5-angled br

Euphorbia aphyila

Euphorbia avasmonlana

Dinter ^ ^

Plant to 2 m tall; stem branch-

K .. imps

green, 5- to 8-angled branches

borne near stem apices.

E . jgj * d

Namibia,^ South Africa (Cape

CITES App. II

Euphorbia avasmontana Dinter

Euphorbia balsamifera Aiton to 2 m high; grey, spineless bran

?s; yellow inflorescence borne at branch apice

branches 30-50 cm long; green leaves 25 cm long; green inflorescence borne on short peduncle from branch apices.

Euphorbia caput-medusae L.

Euphorbia buruana Pax

Triangular, grey-green undulate branches with dark green stripes; rudimentary, caducous leaves; yellow inflorescence home on short peduncle from newest growth.

Euphorbia canariensis L.

6-angled branches to 2-3 m high (12 m in habitat) arising spines; rudimentary, caducous leaves; greenish-red

Euphorbia canariensis L.

6-angled branches to 2-3 m high (12 m in habitat) arising spines; rudimentary, caducous leaves; greenish-red

Euphorbia cap-saintemariensis Rauh

Subterranean caudex 5-10 cm in diameter; branches tipped with rosette of pwn to reddish-green leaves to 2.5 cm long with undulate edges; pale yellow

Midler CITES App. II

South Africa (Cape Province)

Euphorbia clava Jacq.

Spineless, cylindrical stem to 1.5 m high with hexagonal tubercles to 6 mm long and 1-1.5 cm wide at base; several light green leaves 10-15 cm peduncle to 21) cm long; green bracts. Similar to E. bumfim but tubercles are more promi-

South Africa (Cape Province)

Euphorbia clavigera N.E. Br

Swaziland P CITESApp.ll

Euphorbia decidua P.R.O. Bally & L.C. Leach

Euphorbia cylindrifolia Marn.-Lap. & Rauh

EUPHORBIACEAE

■aring spines in pairs; yellow florescence on short pedun-

rosettes of green, often red-CrrESApp.II

Euphorbia echinus Hook.f. & Coss.

Shrub to 1.5 mjiigh; hexagonal, multi-branched stems; grey spinesLS mm Morocco CITES App. II

Euphorbia decidua P.R.O. Bally & L.C. Leach

Euphorbia decaryi Guill.

Sioloniferous stems to 12 cm high with tubercles; silvery-green leaves 3—t cm bnj* and 2 cm wide with undulate margins borne at ends of stems; yellowish-pwn inflorescence on peduncle to 2 cm long.

Madagascar CITES App. I

Euphorbia didiereoides rosettes of green, often red-CrrESApp.II

Euphorbia cylindrifolia Marn.-Lap. & Rauh

EUPHORBIACEAE

leaf scars; cylindrical dark green leaves 2-3 cm long and 3 mm wide; brownish-pink inflorescence on peduncle 5-8 mm long. The illustration shows a form with a thick root forming a caudex.

Madagascar CITES App. I

■aring spines in pairs; yellow florescence on short pedun-

Euphorbia espinosa Pax

Shrub lo 3 m high; cylindrical

South Africa (Capo Province) CITES App. II

Euphorbia enopla Boiss.

Leafless shrub lo I m high freely branching from base; branches blue- or grey-green will» red spines to 6 cm long; inflorescence borne on peduncle to 3 cm long; dark red bracts.

South Africa (Capo Province) CITES App. II

Euphorbia fasciculata tent peduncle 10-15 cmtag fromstem apex.

CITES App. II

Euphorbia ferox Marloth

Spiny clumps to 60 cm in diametermthbranches8-25 cm long, partly K:JAt mental^, caducous leaves; inflorescence borne on peduncle l-fi mm Inn;: .it Euphorbia citcsi'ilosa N.I! Br.

South Africa (Cape Province) CITES App. II

Euphorbia espinosa Pax

Shrub lo 3 m high; cylindrical

Euphorbia enterophora Drake-

Arborescent plant with trunk to 2 m high; 2-angled, flat

SorWiencebomoat^:m"

guished by^ reddish fuzz'on

CITES App. II

Euphorbia fasciculata tent peduncle 10-15 cmtag fromstem apex.

CITES App. II

Thick, tuberous root itl piralling terns lo 20 cm long and 2-3 cm thick, tubercles (, mm long with spines in pairs; rudimentary, caducous leaves to

South Africa (Transvaal) CITES App. II

Euphorbia enormis N.E. Br.

Thick, tuberous root itl piralling terns lo 20 cm long and 2-3 cm thick, tubercles (, mm long with spines in pairs; rudimentary, caducous leaves to

South Africa (Transvaal) CITES App. II

Sloloniferous plants; varicgalcd green leaves 5-7 cm long wilh red mid-rib and undul.no margins arranged in rosettes; yellowish-green inflorescente on

Madagascar CITESApp.l

Sloloniferous plants; varicgalcd green leaves 5-7 cm long wilh red mid-rib and undul.no margins arranged in rosettes; yellowish-green inflorescente on

Madagascar CITESApp.l

Caudex 15-20 cm high wilh blue u.i\y :..niN 1. :n loii^. eyalhia Ixime at tips of now

Euphorbia fortuita A.C. White, Dyer & B. Sloane

EUFHOKBIACEAE

Tuberous root continuing into stem to form caudex 8-16 cm thick; branches 3-10 cm long; rudimentary, caducous leaves; cyathia clustered at end of branches; short peduncles.

South Africa (Cape Province) CITES App. II

Caudex 15-20 cm high wilh blue u.i\y :..niN 1. :n loii^. eyalhia Ixime at tips of now

Euphorbia hórrida Boiss.

Euphorbia horombensis Ursch & Leandri branched pedunclc 8-10 cnflong.

Madagascar CITES App. II

Euphorbia horwoodii S. Carter & Lavranos lateral'branches develop and grow lo 15 cm long; yellow inílonscciuv K'rr. on forked pcnduncle 1 cm long.

Somalia CITlBAppB

Euphorbia heptagona L.

inflorescence borne on persistent, reddish-brown peduncle to 3 cm long al Euphorbia morwii A. Berger

South Africa (Cape Province) CITES App. II

Euphorbia hórrida Boiss.

caducous, glabrous leav

caducous, glabrous leav

Euphorbia infausta N.E. Br.

This is a variant of E. mctoformis Aiton but is more cacspitose and has taller stems. It should be regarded as synonym but is still found in many collections and trade catalogues under this name.

South Africa (Cape Province) CITES App. n

Euphorbia juttae Dinter

I CM 5 cm high, freely branching from base; grey-preen at apex of new branches.

South Africa (Cape Province) CITES App. II

Euphorbia inermis var. huttonae A.C. White & Dyer

South Africa (Cape Province) CITES App. II

Euphorbia jansenvillensis Nel

Spineless, erect 5-angled. glaucous green stems to 15 cm long, branched and short* peifuncle at upper end's of stents.

South Africa (Cape Province) CITES App. II

Euphorbia juttae Dinter

I CM 5 cm high, freely branching from base; grey-preen at apex of new branches.

Euphorbia laikipiensis S. Carter

EUPHORBIACEAE

Euphorbia lavranii Leach

EUPHORBIACEAE

long and 3.5 mm wide with borne just below branch apices on peduncle 2-4 mm long.

CITES App. II

Euphorbia lavranii Leach

EUPHORBIACEAE

arranged in pairs; rudimentaiy. caducous leaves; inflorescence with mimmtn cyalhia borne on short peduncle at branch apices.

Namibia CITES App. U

Euphorbia knobelii Letty

Subterranean trunk with numerous erect, spiny, pale green, 5-angled stems to 1 m high and with dark^reen markings; spines 1 cm long in pairs; rudimen-

Soulh Africa (Transvaal) CITES App. II

Euphorbia knuthii Pax branches ¿15 cm long with grey-green stripes; pairs of spines 4-8 mm long; rudimentary, caducous leaves; inflorescence borne on short peduncle from stem apices; green bracts.

South Africa (Cape Province) CITES App. II

Euphorbia laclea Haw.

Euphorbia laikipiensis S. Carter

EUPHORBIACEAE

white spines to 1 cm long; rudimentary, caducous leaves; yellow infloresrem Kenya CITES App. II

long and 3.5 mm wide with borne just below branch apices on peduncle 2-4 mm long.

CITES App. II

Euphorbia obesa Hook.f.

Euphorbia officinarum L.

Shrub 90-120 cm high; stem branched; branches K- or I5-sided with horn» margins; whitish-grey spines in jjairs; rudimentary, caducous leaves; yell™

Morocco P CITES App. II

Euphorbia neriifolia L.

Cylindrical or 5-angled, light green stems with black spines; light green leaves 8-^15 cm long at apex oi stems; yellow-green inflorescence borne on short peduncle on upper leaf axil.

India CITES App. II

Euphorbia opuntioides N.E. Br.

The flowering stem.

Euphorbia ornithopus Jacq.

mentary. caducous leaves; inflorescence produced' iroin branch apices on South Africa (Cape Province) CITES App. n

Euphorbia pcrsistens R.A. Dyer

Euphorbia pauliana Ursch & Leandri

Solitary stems 30-50 cm high with thorns on tubercles arranged in spiral rows; leaves 15 25 cm long Willi undulate margins and. sometimes, red veins; long-

Madagascar CITES App. II

Euphorbia pachypodioides Boiteau

Euphorbia parciramulosa Schwei nf.

Shrub with many stems 5 mm thick; tiny green leaves at growing apices; small

CITES App. II

CITES App. II

Euphorbia piscidermis M.G. Gilbert covered in greyish-while or yellowish, pine-cone shaped tubercles arranged in peduncle; cyathia green outside, yellow it

Euphorbia phosphorea Mart.

Shrub with many stems 5 mm thick; tiny green leaves at growing apices; small

CITES App. II

Euphorbia pillansii N.E. Br.

Plants with 7- to 10-angled, green branches to 30 cm long wilh pale and dark green bands; robust, grey spines 1-5 cm long; rudimentary, green, caducous leaves; inflorescence borne at branch apices on peducle to 12 mm long. South Africa (Cape Province) CITES App. II

Euphorbia piscidermis M.G. Gilbert covered in greyish-while or yellowish, pine-cone shaped tubercles arranged in peduncle; cyathia green outside, yellow it

Euphorbia platyclada Rauh

Tuberous root wilh erect, rebranching, grey-green, spineless branches to 50 cm long with black and red nursings; caducous leaves leaving evident leaf scar; red-brown inflorescence borne on short

CITES App. II

Euphorbia poissonii l'ax spines; green leaves 10-15 cm long and 7 cm wide at apex; almost sesHle. yellowish-green inflorescence.

Ghana, Nigeria CITES App. II

1 Euphorbia pseudocaclus

H

11 ft

South Africa (Natal) 1 CITES App. II

Euphorbia pscudocaclus

Euphorbia pscudocaclus

Euphorbia pugniformis Boiss.

Main stem arises from root forming subglobose body 5-8 cm thick crowned with cylindrical, tuberculate branches 5-10 cm high; lanceolate, caducous, green leaves 4-6 mm long; inflorescence with numerous cyathia and short peduncle arising from central part of body, less often from tips of branches. South Africa (Cape Province) CITES App. II

Euphorbia pulvinata Marloth

Green. 7- to 10-angled branches 15-30 cm long arising from base to form dense clustered at branch apices.

Lesotho,South Africa (Cape Province, Natal, Transvaal) CITES App. II

Euphorbia restricta R.A. Dyer

with "horny margins; grey, black-lippcd spines 1 cm long; yellow inilori-n'ofve borne near stem apices.

South Africa (Transvaal) CITES App. II

Euphorbia ramipressa Croizat to 6 mm long; greenish inflorescence bome from branch apices. Known only in cultivation.

Distribution unknown CITES App. U

Euphorbia richardsiae L.C. Leach

Plant to 15 cm high; thin, to 5-angled stems with rudimentary, caducous Mdlawi CITES App. II

Euphorbia samburuensis

P.R.O.Ballv&S. Carter

Malura plants to 15 m high and 5 c

CITES App. II Euphorbia schocnlandii

Euphorbia schizacantha Pax

Malura plants to 15 m high and 5 c

CITES App. II Euphorbia schocnlandii

Euphorbia squarrosa Haw.

Thick, subterranean caudex with numerous prostate or erect stems 4-15 cm long with pairs of thorns 1-5 cm long on margins; rudimentary, caducous leaves; inflorescence borne on short peduncle with numerous cyathia.

South Africa (Cape Province) CITES App. II

H Euphorbia saxorum P.R.O. Bally &S. Carter

50-60 cmlong and decumbent: secondary. 4-angled branches erect. 10-20 cm high and 8 mm in diameter; slcms and branches green; reddish-brown spines to I cm with continuous shields;

Euphorbia sepulta P.R.O. Bally & S. Carter

Euphorbia stenoclada Bail).

Euphorbia symmetrica A.C. White, Dyer & Sloanc

Similar to £. ofcf.« bul with long taproot. South Africo (Cape Province)

CITES App. II

I^H Euphorbia taruensis

Euphorbia stellaespina Haw.

i diameter branching from base; brown, star-like spines I cm or more ■J:--'— ~ J-------'~ives; inflorescence borne from branch apices

Euphorbia stellata Willd.

Dwarf plants with taproot to 15 cm long; leafless, tuberculate, prostrate stems to 15 cm long with spines at apices of tubercles; stems green or purplish-brown with white variegation on upper surface; inflorescence ferne on short peduncle with small bracts.

South Africa (Cape Province) CITES App. II

Euphorbia suzannae Marloth

Spineless, green stems to 10 cm high with taproot; stems with several ribs each bearing prominent tubercles; small, caducous leaves borne at tips of tubercles: inflorescence at apex of main stem and branches.

South Africa (Cape Province) CITES App. D

Euphorbia lenuispinosa

Tuberous root wilh branclung stems to I m hiçh; 4-angIed,

Euphorbia lenuispinosa

Tuberous root wilh branclung stems to I m hiçh; 4-angIed,

Euphorbia tortirama R.A. Dyer chc/30 cm long arise from caudcx; branches with tuberclcs bearing" pairs of grcyish spincs to 2 cm long; rudimentary, caducous leavcs; inflorescence on

South Africa (Transvaal) CITES App. Il

Euphorbia trichadenia Pax

South Africa (Cape Province, Transvaal) CITES App. II

Euphorbia tridentata Lam.

Euphorbia Irigona Haw.

Euphorbia Irigona Haw.

FAUCARIA

Gibbaeum pachypodium (Kensil) L. Bol.

Glottiphyllum linguiforme (L.) N.E. Br.

Distichous, linguiform, upwardly curving. green leaves to 6 cm long; yellow South Africa (Cape Province)

Glottiphyllum nelii Schwantes

Light green, distichous leaves, 12 cm long and 3-5 cm wide, more or less erect South Africa (Cape Province)

_ „ ^ ^ ¡equal sized, greenish leaves, often red-tinged

South Africa (Cape Province)

_ „ ^ ^ ¡equal sized, greenish leaves, often red-tinged

South Africa (Cape Province)

1 to 10 cm long; yellow flowers. South Africa (Cape Province)

Glottiphyllum surrectum (Haw.) L. Bol.

craptopetalum

Graplopetalum bellum (Moran & J. Meyran) D.R. Hunt wettts^grey-grcen leaves 1-2 cm long; 5-15 vivi

Crccnovia diplocycla Webb

Similar to C. nurra but not offsetting.

Graptopetalum filiferum (S. Watson) Whitehead

Stcmlcss rosettes to 6 cm in diameter with up to 100 light greyish-gr inflorescence 8 cm high; whitish flowers with red spots.

Graptopetalum paraguayense (N.E. Br.) E. Walther

Decumbent stems to 30 cm long; grey-green leaves 3-5 cm long and 1-2 cir

Haworthia angustifolia var. liiiputana Uitewaal with small, marginal teeth; inflorescence 20 cm higlifpinkish-white flowers South Africa (Cape Province)

Haworthia arachnoidca (L.) C.-J. Duval white marginal iiair»,; inflorescence 30 cm tall; white flowers with green veins. Hmvorthia gigas Poelln.; H, sctala Haw. South Africa (Cape Province)

Haworthia aranea (A. Berger) M.B. Bayer

South Africa (Cape Province)

Haworthia attenuata variegated fo

South Africa (Cape Province)

haworthia haworthia

Haworthia maughanii Poclln.

base; inflorescence 20 cm Mil; while flowers with brown veins.

Haworthia herbacea (Mill.) Steam long and 8 mm wide with darker lines and transparent marginal teeth; inflorescence 30 cm tall; white flowers with green veins. Haworthia aegrola Poelln.; H. lultvrosva Uitewaal; H. paynci Poelln.

Haworthia magnifica var. notabilis (Poelln.) M.B. Bayer

Stemless rosettes; brownish-green leaves 3-5 cm long with whitish marginal South Africa (Cape Province)

Haworthia limifolia Marloth

35 cm tall; white flowers* with grvy-green veins. Several varieties'and forms recognized by M.B. Bayer (1982). ' **

Haworthia mirabilis subsp. mundula (Smith) M.B. Bayer

Rosette 5 cm in diameter of 15-20 light green leaves 3-5 cm long with p.?It' flowers with greenish veins. A proliferous variety.

Haworthia obtusa var. pilifera (Baker) Uitewaal

Rosettes 4 cm in diameter; green, almost translucent leaves 2 3 cm long and ending in fine bristle; inflorescence 35 cm tall; white flowers with green veins. South Africa (Cape Province)

Haworlhia pumila (L.)C.-J. Duval

Solitary, stemless rosette to 20 cm in diameter and 15-25 cm tall; up to 50 erect, dark green leaves covered with white tubercles; inflorescence 40 cm tall; yellow flowers with green veins. Probably the largest species within the llmooiihia margaritifera (L.) I law. South Africa (Cape Province)

Haworthia parksiana Poelln.

Rosettes 2-3 cm in diameter; numerous dark green, recurving leaves 1-2 cm long with thin tubercles; inflorescence 25 cm tall; white flowers with green

South Africa (Cape Province)

Haworthia radula (Jacq.) Haw.

South Africa (Cape Province)

Haworthia papillosa Haw.

8 cm long and 8 mm wide with white tubercles; inflorescence 40 cm tall; yellow flowers with green veins. M.B. Bayer regards this species as a synonym of H.pumihi.

South Africa (Cape Province)

Haworthia pygmaea I'oelln.

haworthia haworthia

Climbing stems to 3 m long: dark green leaves 10-15 cm long; up to 20 creamy-white

Huernia boleana M.G. Gilbert

Hoya longifolia Wall.

Climbing stems 1-2 m long; dark green, fleshy leaves 10-15 cm long; 15-20 each umbel.

Soulh Africa (Cape Province)

Soulh Africa (Cape Province)

Kalanchoc intcgra Kuntze

Erect, branching stems 1-2 m high; green leaves 5-8 cm long; yellowish or

Kalanchoe laciniata (I..) DC. Eastern Africa. India, Thailand

Kalanchoe gastonis-bonnieri Raym.-Hamel & E.P. Perrier

30 cm high; pale green flowers.

Kalanchoe mangini Raym.-Mamet & E.P. Perrier

Madagascar

Kalanchoe x kewensis Dyer

Kalanchoe millotii Raym.-Hamel & E.P. Perrier

Branched, hairy shrub 30 cm high; leaves 3-6 cm long and 2-4 cn

Kalanchoe somaliensis

Hook.f.

Shrub 20-30 cm high, branching from baso; pruinose leaves dentate margins: white flowers.

Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia,

Kalanchoe rhombopilosa Mannoni & Boiteau

Small, little-branched shrub; convex, grey-green leaves 2 cm long and wide narrowing towards stem, with red spots; green-yellow flowers with red lines.

Kalanchoe synsepala Baker

Erect stems 20-30 cm high; reddish leaves to 15 cm long with dentate margins;

Kalanchoe scapigera VVelvv.

Shrub to 40 cm high; pruinose leaves 4-5 cm long; red flowers.

Kalanchoe thyrsifolia Harv.

Densely leafy stems to 1 m high; pruinose leaves 10-15 cm long and 4-6 cm wide with reddish margins; yellow flowers. South Africa (Cape Province), Transvaal

Kalanchoe orgyalis Baker

CRASSUI.ACEAE

Kalanchoe orgyalis Baker

CRASSUI.ACEAE

Kedrostis africana (L.) Cogn.

Central and southern Africa

Kalanchoe tubiflora (Harv.) Ravm.-Hamet

Lampranlhus primivernus (L. Bol.) L. Bol.

Small ^lanl 15-20 cm hi^h; blue-grey leaves 2-3 cm long and 9 mm thick with South Africa (Cape Province)

Kedrostis hirtella (Naudin) Cogn.

Thick caudex with climbing branches; sagittate, green leaves 5-10 cm long; greenish-yellow flowers. Central Africa

Lithops aucampiae 'Kuruman'

South Africa (Cape Province)

Lilhops aucampiae var. koelemanii (de Boer) D.T. Cole

Lithops aucampiac var. cuniceae (de Boer) D.T. Cole

A variety with different shades of yellow, pink or grey. South Africa (Cape Province)

Lithops bromfieldii L. Bol.

Body 1.5-3 cm in diameter; unequal sized, grey to brown leaves with grey-South Africa (Cape Province)

Lithops aucampiae var. fluminalis D.T. Cole

Lithops bromfieldii var. insularis (L. Bol.) B. Fearn

This variety differs from the type species in having concave upper surface Lilliops insularis L. Bol.

lithops

Lithops hallii "White'

Lithops hookeri 'Vermiculate'

Lithops hallii 'Green Soapstonc'

A cultivar with greenish-yellow leaves.

Lithops hookeri (A. Berger) Schawntes

MESEMBKYANTHEMACBAE

Lithops hallii 'Green Soapstonc'

A cultivar with greenish-yellow leaves.

Lithops hallii "White'

Lithops herrei L. Bol.

Body 2-3 cm in diameter; deep fissui

Lithops transluceiis L. Bol. Namibia. South Africa (Cape Provint

Lithops hookeri (A. Berger) Schawntes

MESEMBKYANTHEMACBAE

Lithops hookeri 'Vermiculate'

Lilhops karasmontana subsp. bella (N.E. Br.) D.T. Cole surface and olive-green dots. * K PPCT

Lithops julii subsp. füllen var. rouxii (L. Bol.) D.T. Cole

Lilhops karasmontana 'Mickbergensis'

Smaller than the type species with convex upper surface. Lilhops fallen N.E. Br.

Lilhops karasmontana subsp. bella (N.E. Br.) D.T. Cole surface and olive-green dots. * K PPCT

Lilhops karasmontana 'Mickbergensis'

Lithops julii subsp. füllen var. rouxii (L. Bol.) D.T. Cole

Smaller than the type species with convex upper surface. Lilhops fallen N.E. Br.

Lithops karasmontana (Dinter & Schwantes) N.E. Br.

Lithops karasmontana subsp. eberlanzii 'Witputzensis'

Body 23-3 cm in diameter; grey-green upper surface with paler colours and larger markings and with red dots; white flowers.

Lithops karasmontana (Dinter & Schwantes) N.E. Br.

Lithops karasmontana subsp. eberlanzii 'Witputzensis'

Body 23-3 cm in diameter; grey-green upper surface with paler colours and larger markings and with red dots; white flowers.

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