Rhipsalis goebeliana Backeberg 1957

Plants pendent, epiphytic, growth indeterminate. Stem segments dimorphic; primary segments narrow, round in cross section below, flat above, vivid green, margins shallowly toothed, tapering basally, with distinct midveins, terminal segments narrowly oblong, tapering, slightly wavy, 8-13 cm (3.1-5.1 in) long, 1.5-3 cm (0.6-1.2 in) wide. Flowers pinkish white, 10 mm (0.4 in) or more long, 15 mm (0.6 in) or more in diameter. Fruits white, sometimes tinged with pink. Distribution: Bolivia. Rhipsalis goebeliana is poorly understood.

Rhipsalis grandiflora Haworth 1819 Lepismium grandiflorum (Haworth) Backeberg 1959 Cactus cylindricusyeWozo 1825, not A. L. deJussieu ex Lamarck 1783 (:seeAustrocylindropuntia cylindrical Rhipsalis cylindrica (Vellozo) Steudel 1841, Hariota cylindrica (Vellozo) Kuntze 1891 Cactus funalis Sprengel 1825, Rhipsalis funalis (Sprengel) Salm-Dyck ex A. P. de Candolle 1828, Hariota funalis (Sprengel) Lemaire 1839 Rhipsalis hadrosoma G. Lindberg 1893 Rhipsalis robusta G. Lindberg 1896 Rhipsalis fastigiata Hjelmqvist 1941

Plants epiphytic or lithophytic shrubs, freely branching either dichotomously or in whorls, lacking extension shoots of indeterminate growth, pendent, to 1 m (3.3 ft) long. Stem segments long, cylindrical, round in cross section, grayish green, often tinged with purple near the areoles, 5-15 cm (2-5.9 in) long, to 3 cm (1.2 in) in diameter. Areoles not sunken, without bristles. Flowers borne laterally, profuse, creamy white, 10-12 mm (0.4-0.5 in) long, to 20 mm (0.8 in) in diameter. Fruits spherical, white or red. Distribution: western Rio de Janeiro, Paraná, Santa Catarina, and Sao Paulo, Brazil.

Rhipsalis hoelleri Barthlott & N. P. Taylor 1995

Plants epiphytic shrubs, limply pendent, branching meso-tonic or acrotonic, growth indeterminate, to 1.5 m (4.9 ft) long. Stem segments round in cross section, 3-4 mm in diameter. Flowers borne laterally, intense carmine red, 10 mm (0.4 in) in diameter, buds rupturing the surface. Fruits sub-globose, becoming red at maturity. Distribution: southern Espirito Santo, Brazil.

Rhipsalis juengeri Barthlott & N. P. Taylor 1995

Plants epiphytic, to 3 m (9.8 ft) long, growth determinate, with composite areoles. Stem segments barely succulent, round in cross section, dimorphic; primary segments to 2 m (6.6 ft) long, 3 mm in diameter, secondary segments short, green, 1-2 mm in diameter. Flowers borne at or near the stem tips, 1-2, bell shaped, white, 15 mm (0.6 in) long, 12 mm (0.5 in) in diameter. Fruits globose, truncate, purple to greenish with maroon tinges. Distribution: southern Sao Paulo, Brazil.

Rhipsalis lindbergiana K. Schumann 1890 Hariota lindbergiana (K. Schumann) Kuntze 1898 Rhipsalis densiareolata Loefgren 1918

Plants epiphytic, pendent, with various types of branching of indeterminate growth, to 2 m (6.6 ft) long. Stem segments without composite areoles, smooth, somewhat dimorphic; primary segments to 1 m (3.3 ft) long, cylindrical, 3-5 mm in diameter, secondary segments shorter, cylindrical, 2-4 mm in diameter. Areoles close set, with one or two dark, ephemeral bristles. Flowers borne laterally, rotate, pink to white, 35 mm long, to 10 mm (0.4 in) in diameter. Fruits globose, light red. Distribution: eastern Pernambuco, Sergipe, eastern Bahia, Minas Gerais, Espirito Santo, Rio de Janeiro, and eastern Sao Paulo, Brazil.

Rhipsalis mesembryanthemo ides Haworth 1821 Hariota mesembryanthemoides (Haworth) Lemaire 1839

Plants epiphytic, erect at first, later pendent, branching free, mesotonic. Stem segments strongly dimorphic; primary segments cylindrical, 10-20 cm (3.9-7.9 in) long, 1-2 mm in diameter, becoming woody, secondary segments numerous, stubby, cylindrical, green, round in cross section, 7-15 mm (0.3-0.6 in) long, 2-4 mm in diameter. Areoles with a few fine bristles. Flowers borne laterally on the shorter segments, white, 8 mm (0.3 in) long, 15 mm (0.6 in) in diameter. Fruits spherical, white; perianth parts persistent. Distribution: Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Rhipsalis micrantha (Kunth) A. P. de Candolle 1828

Cactus micranthus Kunth 1823

Rhipsalis tonduzii F. A. C. Weber 1898

Rhipsalis werckleik. Berger 1906

Rhipsalis roseana A. Berger 1923

Rhipsalis rauhiorum Barthlott 1974

Rhipsalis kirbergii Barthlott 1989

Plants epiphytic, robust, pendent, not branching in whorls, somewhat dimorphic. Stem segments flat or three-angled, yellowish green, the older stems sometimes four- to six-ribbed, with slight rounded notches marginally, 7-12 mm (0.3-0.5 in) or more in diameter. Areoles with one to four small bristles. Flowers borne laterally and singly, white, 3 mm long. Fruits spherical, white to reddish. Distribution: Costa Rica, western Venezuela, Ecuador, and northern Peru.

Rhipsalis KirbergiiRhipsalis Lindbergiana
Rhipsalis micrantha

Rhipsalis neves-armondii K. Schumann 1890 Lepismium neves-armondii (K. Schumann) Backeberg 1935 Rhipsalis foveolata F. A. C. Weber 1898

Rhipsalis megalantha Loefgren 1899, Lepismium megalanthum (Loefgren) Backeberg 1935 Rhipsalis novaesii Giirke 1909

Plants epiphytic or lithophytic, much branched, more or less erect or pendent shrubs, growth strictly determinate, acro-tonic. Stem segments always produced in whorls, deep green, round in cross section, to 10 cm (3.9 in) long and 5 mm in diameter. Areoles with short bristles. Flowers borne near the stem tips, rotate, silvery to yellowish white to yellowish, to 4 cm (1.6 in) in diameter. Fruits globose, white. Distribution: Paraná, southern and western Rio de Janeiro, Santa Catarina, and Sao Paulo, Brazil.

Rhipsalis oblonga Loefgren 1918 Rhipsalis crispimarginata Loefgren 1918

Plants semierect to pendent, epiphytic or lithophytic shrubs. Stem segments dimorphic; main segments usually cylindrical, sometimes flattened, three-angled, or winged; terminal segments very thin, flattened, pale green, somewhat rounded, with prominent veins, wavy margined and lobed, 5-9 cm (2-3.5 in) long, 3-6 cm (1.2-2.4 in) wide. Areoles indented, minute, with small bristles after flowering. Flowers borne laterally during the rainy season, solitary, rotate, yellowish white, to 12 mm (0.5 in) long. Fruits spherical, rose pink to white. Distribution: southern Bahia, Espirito Santo, Rio de Janeiro, and Sao Paulo, Brazil.

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