Pereskia lychnidiflora A P de Candolle 1828

ARBOL DEL MATRIMONIO, CRUZ DEL MATRIMONIO, GUITITACHE, MANZAN0TE, MATEAD0, MATEARES, MAHAL, PATILON Rhodocactus lychnidiflorus (A. P. de Candolle) F. M. Knuth 1935 Pereskia opuntiiflora A. P. de Candolle 1828, Pereskiopsis opuntiiflora

(A. P. de Candolle) Britton & Rose 1907 Pereskia pititache Karwinsky ex Pfeiffer 1837, Opuntia pititache (Pfeiffer) F. A. C. Weber 1898, Pereskiopsis pititache (Pfeiffer) Britton & Rose 1907

Pereskia nicoyana F. A. C. Weber 1902, Rhodocactus nicoyanus (F. A.

C. Weber) F. M. Knuth 1935 Pereskiopsis autumnalls Eichlam 1909, Pereskia autumnalis (Eichlam)

Rose 1909, Rhodocactus autumnalis (Eichlam) F. M. Knuth 1935 Pereskia conzattii Britton & Rose 1919, Rhodocactus conzattii (Britton & Rose) Backeberg 1958

Plants treelike, to 10 m (33 ft) tall; trunks 30-40 cm (12-16 in) in diameter, rough and fissured. Leaves elliptic to obovate, one or two per areole, 2-8 cm (0.8-3.1 in) long, 1-4 cm (0.4-1.6 in) broad, petioles inconspicuous, venation pseudopalmate, lateral veins 2-6. Spines 1-3 on twigs, 2-7 cm (0.8-2.8 in) long. Spines 10-30 on trunks, spreading, 3-

Pereskia Lychnidiflora
Pereskia lychnidiflora, photograph by Beat Leuenberger

12 cm (1.2-4.7 in) long. Flowers terminal, solitary, bright yellowish orange, to 6 cm (2.4 in) in diameter. Fruits pear shaped to spherical, 2.5-4 cm (1—1.6 in) in diameter, greenish yellow, nearly smooth, wall somewhat leathery. Distribution: disjunct occurrence from southern Mexico to Costa Rica in lowland dry forest from sea level to 1000 m (3300 ft). Spines of Pereskia lychnidiflora have been used as needles in Guatemala (Chapter 2, under Other Uses of Cacti).

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