Pereskia aculeata P Miller 1768

barbados gooseberry, bugambilia blanca, camelia blanca, grosellero, jasmin de uvas, leafy cactus, lemon vine, ramo de n0via, rose cactus, surinam gooseberry, tsumya

Cactus pereskia Linnaeus 1753, Pereskia pereskia (Linnaeus) Karsten 1882, illegitimate name

Plants clambering shrubs or woody, climbing vines, 3-10 m (9.8-33 ft) long; trunks 2-3 cm (0.8-1.2 in) in diameter,

Pereskia bleo 567

grayish brown, fissured. Leaves variable in size and shape, lance shaped to oblong or ovate, 4.5—11 cm (1.8—4.3 in) long, 1.5-5 cm (0.6-2 in) broad, petioles short, venation pinnate, midribs prominent below, lateral veins 4-7. Spines dimorphic. Primary spines 1-3, always recurved and clawlike, usually paired, 4-8 mm (to 0.3 in) long, somewhat flattened. Secondary spines as many as 25, produced from older areoles, straight, spreading, 10-35 mm (0.4-1.4 in) long. Flowers borne terminally or laterally in inflorescences of 70 or more flowers, whitish to light pink, fragrant, 2.5-5 cm (1-2 in) in diameter. Fruits globose, yellow to orange at maturity, fleshy, 1.5-2.5 cm (0.6-1 in) in diameter, spiny, becoming naked. Distribution: Caribbean, and northern, eastern, and southeastern South America, from sea level to 1000 m (3300 ft). Pereskia aculeata is also found in Florida, Central America, and southern Mexico but probably has escaped there from cultivation. The fruits are edible (Chapter 2, under Cacti as Food).

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