Myrtillocactus Console 1897

Subfamily Cactoideae, tribe Pachycereeae. Plants treelike or shrubby with numerous, more or less erect branches. Stems ribbed, bearing areoles that produce similar spines. Flowers borne in clusters of as many as nine, open duringthe day and sometimes into the night, small, rotate; stamens few; floral tubes very short; pericarpels and floral tubes slightly woolly, with small scales. Fruits small, globose, berrylike, sweet tasting. Distribution: Guatemala to Oaxaca in southern central Mexico, north into northern Mexico, including Baja California.

Myrtillocactus cochal (Orcutt) Britton & Rose 1909


Cereus cochal Orcutt 1889, C. geometrizans var. cochal (Orcutt) K. Brandegee 1900

Plants compact, shrubby to treelike, much branched, 1-3 m (3.3-9.8 ft) high, usually with short trunks. Stems blue-green. Ribs 6-8. Central spine one, sometimes absent, black, to 2 cm (0.8 in) long. Radial spines usually 5, short, grayish or blackish, 0.5-1 cm long. Flowers open during the day and night, light green to whitish, with darker midribs, 2.5 cm (1 in) long and in diameter. Fruits globose, red, edible, 1.2-1.8 cm (0.5-0.7 in) in diameter. Distribution: on the fringes of the Sonoran Desert of Baja California, Mexico.

Myrtillocactus eichlamii Britton & Rose 1920

Plants treelike with several more or less erect branches and distinct trunks. Stems distinctively blue-green to deep green, glaucous. Ribs 6, obtuse. Areoles large, gray, to 2 cm (0.8 in)

apart. Central spine one, to 7 cm (2.8 in) long. Radial spines about 5, erect, expanded at their bases. Flowers creamy white, 4 cm (1.6 in) long, 3.5-5.5 cm (1.4-2.2 in) in diameter, the largest in the genus; floral tubes extremely short. Fruits globose, purple to red, covered with whitish wax, edible. Distribution: Guatemala. Myrtillocactus eichlamii is poorly known.

Myrtillocactus geometrizans (Martius) Console 1897


Cereus pugioniferus Lemaire 1838, Myrtillocactus pugionifer (Lemaire)

A. Berger 1929 Myrtillocactusgrandiareolatus Bravo 1932

Plants treelike, candelabra-like, freely branching from main trunks, to 4 m (13 ft) high. Stems blue-green, often tapering basally, to 10 cm (3.9 in) in diameter. Ribs 5-6, smooth, rounded. Central spine one, daggerlike, black, broad basally, 1-7 cm (0.4-2.8 in) long. Radial spines 5-9, short, brownish

Myrtillocactus Geometrizans

Myrtillocactus cochal to blackish, 0.2-1 cm (to 0.4 in) long. Flowers greenish white, 2.5-3.5 cm (1-1.4 in) in diameter. Fruits berrylike, dark purple, spineless, very tasty, 1-2 cm (0.4-0.8 in) in diameter. Distribution: widespread throughout northern central and central Mexico, from Tamaulipas south into Puebla and Oax-aca, often dominant and forming beautiful forests in the shrubland. Fruits of Myrtillocactus geometrizans are eaten (Chapter 2, under Cacti as Food).

Myrtillocactus geometrizans; flowers illustrated 30, fruit on pages 56 and 57

Myrtillocactus Geometrizans Flower

Myrtillocactus geometrizans; flowers illustrated 30, fruit on pages 56 and 57

Myrtillocactus schenckii (J. A. Purpus) Britton &Rose 1909 GARAMBULLO, VICHISHOVO Cereus schenckii], A. Purpus 1909

Plants treelike, branching from short trunks, 4-5 m (13-16 ft) high. Stems dark green, ascending, to 10 cm (3.9 in) in diameter. Ribs 7-8, close set. Central spine one, black, to 5 cm (2 in) long. Radial spines 6-8, blackish, curved, 0.5-1.2 cm (0.2-0.5 in) long. Flowers whitish, to 4 cm (1.6 in) in diameter. Fruits round, red, to 1.5 cm (0.6 in) in diameter, with small spines. Distribution: Puebla and Oaxaca, Mexico. Myrtillocactus schenckii, photograph by Charles Glass

Cactus With Curved Spines

476 Neobuxbaumi a

Continue reading here: Neobuxbaumia

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