Eriosyce occulta Kattermann 1994

cacto oculto

Pyrrhocactus occultus F. Ritter 1959, not validly published

Plants geophytic, occasionally branching, subglobose to globose, 3-8 cm (1.2-3.1 in) in diameter. Taproots large, cone shaped. Ribs as many as 14, notched and forming rhomboid tubercles with sunken areoles. Spines sometimes absent, dark brown to black, slightly curved, somewhat flattened against the surface. Central spine 0-1,5-10 mm (0.2-0.4 in) long.

Radial spines 4-6,3-11 mm (to 0.4 in) long. Flowers borne on young areoles, funnelform, whitish with light reddish mid-veins, 2.3-4 cm (0.9-1.6 in) long and in diameter; pericarpels and floral tubes with white wool and contorted bristles. Fruits elongate, red, fleshy, to 1.5 cm (0.6 in) long, dehiscing by basal pores. Distribution: vicinity of Taltal, Antofagasta, Chile.

Eriosyce odieri (Lemaire ex Salm-Dyck) Kattermann 1994

odieri

Echinocactus odieri Lemaire ex Salm-Dyck 1849, Neoporteria odieri (Lemaire ex Salm-Dyck) Backeberg 1935, Chilenia odieri (Lemaire ex Salm-Dyck) Backeberg 1939, Neochilenia odieri (Lemaire ex Salm-Dyck) Backeberg 1942, Chileorebutia odieri (Lemaire ex SalmDyck) F. Ritter 1959, Thelocephala odieri (Lemaire ex Salm-Dyck) F. Ritter 1980

Echinocactus reichet K. Schumann 1903, Malacocarpus reichet (K. Schumann) Britton & Rose 1922, Notocactus reichei (K. Schumann) A. Berger 1929, Neoporteria reichet (K. Schumann) Backeberg 1935, Chilenia reichet (K. Schumann) Backeberg 1939, Neochilenia reichet (K. Schumann) Backeberg 1942; Chileorebutia reichei (K. Schumann) F. Ritter 1959, not validly published; Thelocephala reichet (K. Schumann) F. Ritter 1980 7Neochilenia pseudoreichei Lembcke & Backeberg 1959, not validly published

Chileorebutia fulva F. Ritter 1960, not validly published; Thelocephala fulva (F. Ritter) F. Ritter 1980, Eriosyce odieri subsp.fulva (F. Ritter) Kattermann 1994 Chileorebutia glabrescens F. Ritter 1960, not validly published; Thelocephala glabrescens (F. Ritter) F. Ritter 1980, Eriosyce odieri subsp. glabrescens (F. Ritter) Kattermann 1994 ?Neochilenia atra Backeberg 1963, not validly published Neochilenia monte-amargensis Backeberg 1963, not validly published; Neoporteria monte-amargensis (Backeberg) Ferryman ex Preston-Mafham 1991, not validly published; Eriosyce odieri var, monte-amargensis Kattermann 1994 Neochilenia carneoflora Backeberg 1966, not validly published

Neoporteria Flowers

Eriosyce napina var. duripulpa

Eriosyce occulta

Eriosyce napina var. duripulpa

Eriosyce occulta

302 Eriosyce odieri

Plants geophytic, subglobose to rarely globose, brownish to nearly gray, 2-6 cm (0.8-2.4 in) in diameter. Taproots cone shaped. Ribs completely differentiated into tubercles with sunken areoles. Spines mostly radials but sometimes centrals present, usually flattened against the surface, variable in thickness, 2-5 mm long. Flowers borne on young areoles, funnel-form, pale yellow to pale red, 3-4 cm (1.2-1.6 in) long and in diameter; pericarpels and floral tubes with white wool and bristles on the tube. Fruits elongate, to 3 cm (1.2 in) long, dehiscing by basal pores. Distribution: Morro Copiapo south to Carrizal Bajo, Atacama, Chile.

Three subspecies (one with two varieties) of Eriosyce odieri are recognized. Subspecies odieri comprises two varieties. Variety odieri has stems 3-5 cm (1.2-2 in) in diameter and only radial spines that are not flattened against the surface; it occurs only on Morro Copiapo. Variety monte-amargensis has central spines; it occurs in the vicinity of Caldera. Subspecies fulva has stems only 2-3 cm (0.8-1.2 in) in diameter with very small tubercles; it occurs east of Totoral. Subspecies glabrescens has stems only 2-3 cm (0.8-1.2 in) in diameter but much larger tubercles that are nearly spineless; it occurs on the border between Morro Copiapo and Huasco.

Eriosyce omasensis (Ostolaza & Mischler) Ostolaza 1998 /s/aya omasensis Ostolaza & Mischler 1983, Neoporteria omasensis (Ostolaza & Mischler) Ferryman ex Preston-Mafham 1991

Plants flattened globose to short cylindrical, 17.5-30 cm (6.912 in) high, 9.5-14 cm (3.7-5.5 in) in diameter, bright gray-green with cream-colored wool at the stem tips. Ribs 13-21, mostly 16, to 1 cm (0.4 in) high, forming tubercles. Central spines 1-4, yellowish, 19-22 mm (0.7-0.9 in) long. Radial spines 8-14,12-19 mm (0.5-0.7 in) long. Flowers often open 3-5 days, yellowish green, to 21 mm (0.8 in) long and 17 mm (0.7 in) in diameter. Fruits elongate, rose colored, 18-25 mm (0.7-1 in) long. Distribution: southern Lima, Peru.

Eriosyce recondita (f. Ritter) Kattermann 1994 escondido

Pyrrhocactus reconditus F. Ritter 1962, Neochilenia recondita (F. Ritter) Backeberg 1963, Neoporteria recondita (F. Ritter) Donald & G. D. Rowley 1966

Reicheocactus floribundus Backeberg 1962, not validly published; Pyrrhocactus floribundus Backeberg (Backeberg) F. Ritter 1980, not validly published Pyrrhocactus aricensis F. Ritter 1963, Neochilenia aricensis (F. Ritter) Backeberg 1963, Neoporteria aricensis (F. Ritter) Donald & G. D. Rowley 1966

Pyrrhocactus iquiquensis F. Ritter 1963, Neochilenia iquiquensis (F. Ritter) Backeberg 1963, Neoporteria iquiquensis (F. Ritter) Donald & G. D. Rowley 1966, Eriosyce recondita subsp. iquiquensis (F. Ritter) Kattermann 1994 Pyrrhocactus residuus F. Ritter & Buining 1963, Neochilenia residua (F. Ritter & Buining) Backeberg 1963, Neoporteria residua (F. Ritter & Buining) Donald & G. D. Rowley 1966 Pyrrhocactus saxifragus F. Ritter 1980 Pyrrhocactus vexatus F. Ritter 1980

Plants subglobose to globose, sometimes branching, gray to dark green, 2-10 cm (0.8-3.9 in) in diameter, with sunken stem tips. Taproots expanded, often with necks. Ribs 10-13, notched and forming tubercles and often with sunken areoles. Spines thin, needle-like, black. Central spines 1-2,1015 mm (0.4-0.6 in) long. Radial spines 6-10,5-10 mm (0.20.4 in) long. Flowers borne on young areoles, funnelform, white to pinkish to yellow, 1.5-4 cm (0.6-1.6 in) long, 2-3.5 cm (0.8-1.4 in) in diameter; pericarpels and floral tubes with wool and sometimes bristles. Fruits elongate, dehiscing by basal pores. Distribution: along the coast from Antofagasta north to Pisagua, Tarapacä, Chile.

Two subspecies of Eriosyce recondita are recognized. Subspecies recondita has gray-green stems 2-5 cm (0.8-2 in) in diameter and white to pinkish flowers; it occurs in the close vicinity of Antofagasta. Subspecies iquiquensis has dark green stems 3-10 cm (1.2-3.9 in) in diameter and yellow flowers; it occurs between Tocopilla, Antofagasta, and Iquique, Tarapacä.

Was this article helpful?

0 0
Building Your Own Greenhouse

Building Your Own Greenhouse

You Might Just End Up Spending More Time In Planning Your Greenhouse Than Your Home Don’t Blame Us If Your Wife Gets Mad. Don't Be A Conventional Greenhouse Dreamer! Come Out Of The Mould, Build Your Own And Let Your Greenhouse Give A Better Yield Than Any Other In Town! Discover How You Can Start Your Own Greenhouse With Healthier Plants… Anytime Of The Year!

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment