alicoche, banana cactus, cob cactus, green strawberry hedgehog cactus, pitaya, prostrate hedgehog cactus, purple pitaya, strawberry cactus, strawberry hedgehog cactus Cereus dubius Engelmann 1856, Echinocereus dubius (Engelmann) Rumpler 1885, E. enneacanthus var. dubius (Engelmann) L. D. Benson 1969 Echinocereus uspenskii F. Haage 1897 Echinocereus merkeri Hildmann ex K. Schumann 1898 Echinocereus sarissophorus Britton & Rose 1922 Echinocereus enneacanthus f. brevispinus W. 0. Moore 1967, E. enneacanthus var. brevispinus (W. 0. Moore) L. D. Benson 1969, E. enneacanthus subsp. brevispinus (W. 0. Moore) N. P. Taylor 1997
Plants forming low clumps of 30-200 stems. Stems cylindrical, decumbent except at the tips, to 2 m (6.6 ft) long, 3.5-15 cm (1.4-5.9 in) in diameter, dull to pale green. Ribs 7-10, not clearly tuberculate. Central spines 1-4, straight or curved, round to flattened, angled or grooved, yellowish to brownish or bluish, to 8 cm (3.1 in) long. Radial spines 6-13, whitish to brownish, straight, to 4 cm (1.6 in) long. Flowers arising below the stem tip, funnelform, magenta with darker throats, to 8 cm (3.1 in) long, 8-12 cm (3.1-4.7 in) in diameter. Fruits globose to ovoid, with pink flesh and a strawberry taste. Distribution: Texas, New Mexico, and northern Mexico.
Two subspecies of Echinocereus enneacanthus are recognized. Subspecies enneacanthus has stems 5-15 cm (2-5.9
in) in diameter, central spines that are long and divergent, and curved radials to 4 cm (1.6 in) long; it occurs widely throughout the range of the species, usually above an elevation of 600 m (2000 ft). Subspecies brevispinus has smaller stems, usually 5 cm (2 in) or less in diameter, erect and straight central spines, and radials usually less than 1.5 cm (0.6 in) long; it occurs in New Mexico, south Texas, and northern Mexico from sea level to 900 m (2950 ft).
Echinocereus fascicuiatus (Engelmann ex B. D. Jackson)
L. D. Benson 1969 bundle hedgehog, pitahayita, robust hedgehog, short-spined strawberry cactus, strawberry hedgehog Mammillaria fasciculata Engelmann ex B. D. Jackson 1895, not Britton & Rose 1923 (see M. thornberi), Echinocereus engelmannii subsp. fascicuiatus (Engelmann ex B. D.Jackson) Blumetal. 1998 Echinocereus abbeae S. H. Parsons 1937
Plants occurring in loose clumps of 5-20 stems. Stems cylindrical to elongate, green, 16-45 cm (6.3-18 in) long, 4-7.5 cm (1.6-3 in) in diameter, with spines not obscuring the stems. Ribs 8-18, not distinctly tuberculate. Central spines 2-4, one prominent, light colored with dark tips, straight, 2.57.5 cm (1-3 in) long. Radial spines 11-13, whitish or grayish, spreading, straight, 1.2-2 cm (0.5-0.8 in) long. Flowers borne on the upper half of the stems, broadly funnelform, magenta to reddish purple, 5-6.2 cm (2-2.4 in) long and in diameter. Fruits globose, green, becoming red, fleshy. Distribution: Arizona and New Mexico, and adjacent Sonora, Mexico.
Echinocereus fendleri (Engelmann) F. Seitz 1870
fendler's hedgehog cactus, fendler needle-spine hedgehog, kuenzler hedgehog, kuenzler's cactus Cereus fendleri Engelmann 1849
Echinocereus hempelii Fobe 1897, E. fendleri subsp. hempelii (Fobe) Blum 1998
Echinocereus rectispinus Peebles 1938, E. fendlerivar. rectispinus (Peebles) L. D. Benson 1944, £ fendleri subsp. rectispinus (Peebles) N. P. Taylor 1997
Echinocereus kuenzleriCastetter, P. Pierce & F. H. Schwerin 1976, £ fendlerivar. kuenzleri (Castetter, P. Pierce & F. H. Schwerin) L. D. Benson 1982
Plants usually solitary but sometimes forming loose clumps with as many as 10 stems. Stems flabby, ovoid to short cylindrical, green, 7.5-25 cm (3-9.8 in) long, 3.8-6.2 cm (1.5-2.4 in) in diameter, with the spines not obscuring the stems. Ribs 8-10, not forming tubercles. Central spine 0-1, dark, becoming lighter with age, straight or curving slightly, rigid, 1.2-3.8 cm (0.5-1.5 in) long. Radial spines 5-9, light colored, spreading, straight, 0.9-1.2 cm (0.4-0.5 in) long. Flowers arising in the upper half of the stems, funnelform, magenta, 5-6.2 cm (2-2.4 in) long and in diameter. Fruits globose, green, becoming red, fleshy, edible. Distribution: Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado, and Texas, and adjacent Chihuahua and Sonora, Mexico.
Fruits of Echinocereus fendleri are used by the Hopi in different ways as food (Chapter 2, under Cacti as Food). Three subspecies of E, fendleri are recognized. Subspecies fendleri is usually solitary or with 1-3 stems and one curved central spine; it occurs at elevations above 1800 m (5900 ft). Subspecies hempelii has no central spines and occurs in Mexico. Subspecies rectispinus may have as many as 10 stems, and 0-1 straight central spine; it usually occurs below 1650 m (5400 ft). Echinocereus fendleri var. kuenzleri is listed as endangered in the U.S. Endangered Species Act though it seems uncertain whether the variety should be recognized taxonomically.
Echinocereus fendleri subsp. rectispinus
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