Cylindropuntia anteojoensis Pinkava E F Anderson 2000
Opuntia anteojoensis Pinkava 1976
Plants low, intricately branched, shrubby, 30-100 cm (12-39 in) high. Stem segments 2-3 cm (0.8-1.2 in) long, with rhombic tubercles. Areoles elongate, extending upward between adjacent tubercles. Glochids white, 1-2 mm long. Principal spine one, borne on uppermost areoles, erect, black, 2.5-7 cm (1-2.8 in) long. Secondary spines to 4 mm long. Flowers yellow. Fruits dry, 1.5-2.5 cm (0.6-1 in) long, 1-1.2 cm (0.4-0.5 in) in diameter, maturing as burs with many spines. Distribution: Chihuahuan Desert of Coahuila, Mexico.
Cylindropuntia arbuscula (Engelmann) F. M. Knuth 1935
branched pencil cholla, bush cholla, chollita, chumbera, pencil cholla, tasajo
Opuntia arbuscula Engelmann 1856
Plants much branched trees or shrubs, 0.5-3 m (1.6-9.8 ft) high. Stem segments green with purple tint, 6-10.5 cm (2.4-
Cylindropuntia alcahes var. burrageana
4.1 in) long, 0.5-1.3 cm (0.2-0.5 in) in diameter, with narrow, obscure tubercles. Areoles round, with tan to brown wool. Glochids pale yellow. Spines 0-3, distributed sparsely along segments, stout, usually bent downward, yellow to reddish brown, becoming black with age, 0.8-5 cm (0.3-2 in) long; sheaths loose fitting, yellowish brown. Flowers dark bronze to orange-bronze, 1.7-2 cm (0.7-0.8 in) long. Fruits fleshy, spineless, green to yellow, 2.5-5 cm (1-2 in) long, 1.53.5 cm (0.6-1.4 in) in diameter. Distribution: Sonoran Desert of Arizona, and Sonora, Mexico.
Cylindropuntia bigelovii (Engelmann) F. M. Knuth 1935 cholla, chollo de 0s0, golden-spined jumping cholla, guerra, teddy-bear cactus, teddy-bear cholla, vellas de coyote Opuntia bigelovii Engelmann 1856
Opuntia ciribe Engelmann ex J. M. Coulter 1896, Cylindropuntia ciribe (Engelmann exJ. M. Coulter) F. M. Knuth 1935,0. bige/ow; var. ciribe (Engelmann exJ. M. Coulter) W.T. Marshall 1941, C. bigelovii var. ciribe (Engelmann exJ. M. Coulter) Rebman 2001
Plants treelike or shrubby with open branching at acute angles, to 2 m (6.6 ft) high. Stem segments greenish purple to purple, 4-18 cm (1.6-7.1 in) long, 1-2 cm (0.4-0.8 in) indi-
Cylindropuntia alcahes var. burrageana
Cylindropuntia arbuscula ameter, with prominent elongate tubercles. Areoles tan to brown, becoming gray with age, somewhat round. Glochids dark yellow, to 1 mm long. Spines 6-8, well distributed along segments, usually interlacing, yellow to golden, becoming brown, erect to spreading, 1-1.8 cm (0.4-0.7 in) long; sheaths white to cream. Flowers yellowish green, yellow, gold, bronze, red, rose, or magenta. Fruits leathery fleshy, not proliferating, with prominent tubercles at first, later disappearing, yellowish green or reddish, spineless, 2.5-4 cm (1-1.6 in) long, 1-2 cm (0.4-0.8 in) in diameter. Distribution: Mojave and Sono-ran Deserts of southwestern United States and northwestern Mexico, including Baja California Peninsula.
Roots of Cylindropuntia bigelovii are used medicinally by the Seri (Chapter 2, under Cacti as Medicine). Two varieties of C. bigelovii are recognized. Variety bigelovii occurs in Ca
lifornia, Nevada, Arizona, New Mexico, and Baja California. Variety ciribe occurs only in Baja California Sur; it tends to produce long chains of fruits.
Cylindropuntia californica (Torrey & A. Gray) F. M. Knuth 1935
Cereus californicus Torrey & A. Gray 1840, Opuntia californica (Torrey & A. Gray) Covllle 1899, not Engelmann 1848 (see Cylindropuntia acanthocarpa)
Opuntia parryl Engelmann 1852, Cylindropuntia parryi (Engelmann)
F. M. Knuth 1935 Opuntia serpentina Engelmann 1852 Opuntia bernardina Engelmann ex Parish 1892 Grusonia hamiltonii H. E. Gates ex W. T. Marshall & Bock 1941, not validly published; Opuntia hamiltonii (H. E. Gates ex W.T. Marshall & Bock) G. D. Rowley 1958, not validly published Opuntia rosarica G. E. Lindsay 1942, Cylindropuntia rosarica (G. E. Lindsay) Backeberg 1942, C. californica var. rosarica (G. E. Lindsay) Rebman2001 Cylindropuntia californica var. delgadilloana Rebman 2001 Cylindropuntia californica var.parkeri (J. M. Coulter) Rebman 2001
Plants shrubby, sprawling to erect, 0.3-2.5 m (1-8.2 ft) high. Stem segments green to purplish green, 6-30 cm (2.4-12 in) long, 1.5-2.5 cm (0.6-1 in) in diameter, with prominent tubercles sometimes forming ribs. Areoles tan, becoming gray with age, elliptical. Glochids dense, yellow to reddish brown. Spines 5-13, on most areoles, sometimes absent, equal or unequal, yellow to orange-brown, with lighter tips, to 3 cm (1.2 in) long; sheaths whitish to brown, somewhat loose. Flowers yellow to greenish yellow, 1.5-3 cm (0.6-1.2 in) long. Fruits leathery, short top shaped to nearly round, yellowish, becoming tan, 1.5-3.2 cm (0.6-1.3 in) long, 1.3-2.6 cm (0.5-1 in) in diameter, with few or no spines. Distribution: California, and Baja California, Mexico.
Four varieties of Cylindropuntia californica have been recognized. Variety californica has 9-13 short, equal spines; it occurs on coastal hills near the Pacific Ocean in Baja California, north into southern California. Variety delgadilloana has 5-8 short, equal spines; it occurs on the eastern slopes of the Sierra San Pedro Mártir. Variety parkeri has no spines or one very long spine and inconspicuous glochids; it occurs on the eastern base of the Sierra San Pedro Mártir and in the western San Felipe desert. Variety rosarica also has very unequal or no spines but conspicuous glochids; it occurs in coastal sage scrub, desert, chaparral, and pinyon-juniper vegetation.
Cylindropuntia calmalliana (J. M. Coulter) F. M. Knuth 1935
Opuntia calmalliana J. M. Coulter 1896
Plants shrubby with numerous erect and ascending stems, 1-2 m (3.3-6.6 ft) high. Stem segments not easily detached, gray-green, sometimes glaucous, 8.5-25 cm (3.3-9.8 in) long, 2-2.7 cm (0.8-1.1 in) in diameter, with elongate tubercles. Areoles cream, aging gray. Glochids inconspicuous, dark, 2-3 mm long, often a few dark bristle-like. Spines 4-9, on most areoles, orange-brown with yellow tips, aging gray; sheaths baggy, light colored. Principal spines 1-4, erect, 1.53.5 cm (0.6-1.4 in) long. Secondary spines 3-5. Flowers yellowish brown, bronze, to red. Fruits fleshy, barrel to club shaped, not proliferating, spineless or nearly so, green to yellow, 2.2-5.5 cm (0.9-2.2 in) long, 1.8-2.6 cm (0.7-1 in) in diameter. Distribution: Vizcaino region, Baja California Peninsula, Mexico.
Cylindropuntia caribaea (Britton & Rose) F. M. Knuth 1935
Opuntia caribaea Britton & Rose 1919 Opuntia metuenda Pittier 1936, Cylindropuntia metuenda (Pittier) Backeberg 1958
Plants shrubby, forming thickets, to 3 m (9.8 ft) high with branches often nearly horizontal. Stem segments to 10 cm (3.9 in) long, robust, with prominent, short tubercles. Areoles large, with white wool and hairs. Glochids dark brown. Spines 1-3, to 3 cm (1.2 in) long; sheaths brown. Flowers light yellow. Fruits red, spineless or nearly so, to 2 cm (0.8 in) long. Distribution: Hispaniola.
Continue reading here: Cylindropuntia cedrosensis Rebman 2001
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