Cipocereus laniflorus N p Taylor Zappi 1997

Plants shrubby with several erect branches arising from near ground level. Stems columnar, olive green, often with bluish wax when young. Ribs 5-7, triangular in section. Areoles light brown to black, becoming contiguous, with long white hairs. Spines opaque, dark brown. Central spines 7-9, erect, 1.5-3 cm (0.6-1.2 in) long. Radial spines 10-14, flattened against the stem surface, to 1 cm (0.4 in) long. Fertile zone not clearly differentiated. Flowers white to pale creamy yellow, woolly, spiny, to 7 cm (2.8 in) long and 3.5 cm (1.4 in) in

Cereus With Black Spines
Cipocereus minensis subsp. minensis, photograph by Urs Eggli

diameter. Fruits ovoid, ridged, purplish blue, spiny, woolly. Distribution: Serra do Cara^a, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

Cipocereus minensis (Werdermann) F. Ritter 1979 Cereus minensis Werdermann 1933, Pilocereus minensis (Werdermann) Backeberg 1935, Pilosocereus minensis (Werdermann) Byles & G.D.Rowley 1957 Cipocereus pleurocarpus F. Ritter 1979, Pilosocereus pleurocarpus (F. Ritter) P. J. Braun 1988, C. minensis subsp.pleurocarpus (F. Ritter) N. P. Taylor & Zappi 1991

Plants shrubby, columnar, several-branched, to 2 m (6.6 ft) high. Stems green, 2-5 cm (0.8-2 in) in diameter. Ribs 1016, rounded. Areoles round, with white or brownish white wool. Spines grayish white or yellowish, later dark. Central spines 1-4, sometimes more, prominent, to 2.5 cm (1 in) long. Radial spines 8-16,1-2 cm (0.4-0.8 in) long. Flowers creamy to greenish white, to 5 cm (2 in) long and 3 cm (1.2 in) in diameter. Fruits distinctly blue. Distribution: Minas Gerais, Brazil.

Two subspecies of Cipocereus minensis are recognized. Subspecies minensis has a more southern distribution and stems to 5 cm (2 in) in diameter. Subspecies pleurocarpus occurs in the Serra do Cipo, and the dull, greenish stems reach only about 2.5 cm (1 in) in diameter.

Cipocereuspusilliflorus (F. Ritter) Zappi & N. P. Taylor 1991 Floribunda pusiliiflora F. Ritter 1979, Pilosocereus pusilliflorus (F. Ritter) P.J. Braun 1988

Plants erect to semiprostrate, 30-50 cm (12-20 in) high. Stems glaucous green, 4-5 cm (1.6-2 in) in diameter. Ribs 14-18, very obtuse, not or only barely notched. Areoles with brown wool. Spines needle-like, straight, sharp. Central spines 2-4, often forming a cross, stout, erect, 10-20 mm (0.4-0.8 in) long. Radial spines 10-12, brown, 3-6 mm (to 0.2 in) long. Flowers borne vertically, white, to 1.6 cm (0.6 in) long. Fruits 0.6-1.3 cm (0.2-0.5 in) in diameter. Distribution: Monte Azul, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

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