The Genus Coryphantha Engelmann Lemaire Descriptions of the Species

Cactées 32,1868 (nom.cons. ICBN 5411 a) (=) Aulacothele (Lemaire) Monville, Cat. Pl. Exot.:21,1846.

Basionym: Mammillaria subg. Coryphantha Engelmann, Syn. Cact. US, 8, 1856; Proc. Amer. Acad. 3: 264,1857. Lectotype: Coryphantha sulcata (Engelmann) Britton & Rose (Britton, N.L. & Brown, A., An illustrated Flora of the Northern United States..., ed. 2,1-3: 579,1913; Hunt & Benson, Cact. Succ. J. (US) 48: 72,1976). Synonyms: Mammillaria Haworth, Syn. Pl. Succ.177,1812 (pro parte); Echinocactus Link & Otto, Verh. Ver. Bef. 3: 420,1827 (pro parte); Mammillaria [tax.infrag.] Aulacothelae Lemaire, Cact. Gen. Nov. 92: 1839; Mammillaria subsect. Aulacothelae (Lemaire) Lawrence, Gard. Mag. & Reg. Rural Domest. Improv., ser.3, 6: 313-321, 1841; Cactus Kuntze, Rev. Gen. Pl. 1: 261, 1891 (pro parte); Cactus sect. Coryphantha (Engelmann) Coulter, Contr. U.S. Nat. Herb 3 (2): 95,1894; Neol-loydia Britton & Rose, Bull. Torr. Club. 49: 251, 1922 (pro parte); Lepidocoryphantha Backeberg, Blätter Kakteenforschung 6: 18, 1938; Escobrittonia Doweld, Sukkulenty, 3 (1): 17, 2000 (pro parte).

Definition: Capacity to produce extrafloral nectary glands. Floriferous tubercles grooved. Flowers in the plant apex. Fruits green, juicy. Seeds brown, testa reticulate.

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