Comparison Tables

Table i. Coryphantha echinoidea/Coryphantha glanduligera

Coryphantha echinoidea (Quehl) BR. & R.

Coryphantha glanduligera (Otto) Lemaire


Globose, 6 cm 0,5.5 cm high

Reversed egg-shaped to short clavate, up to 6 cm 0 and 12 cm high







Radial spines

20-24, white, dark tips

18-20, yellowish, then greyish-white

Central spines

1-3, mostly 2, up to 15 mm long, horn-coloured to brown

3-4,15-20 mm long, yellowish-horn-coloured with brown tips



Clavate/short columnar

Table 2. C. clavata/C. octacantha/C. georgii

Coryphantha clavata

Coryphantha octacantha

Coryphantha georgii

Growth form

Cylindrical - columnar


Globose or clavate

Tubercles Radial spines

Epidermis grass-green Regularly radiating

All ± same length

In 5 and 8 or 8 and 13 series; large, keeled

Epidermis grass-green All irregularly disposed

Upper ones longer Upper ones not bundled

In 5 and 8, 8 and 13 or 13 and 21 series; large round, somewhat bulgy, not keeled

Epidermis dark-green

Lower ones regularly and horizontally disposed All ± same length Upper ones very close/bundled

Central spines

Usually 1


1-3, especially in young plants two-coloured


Small (2.5-3 cm 0)

Large (7 cm 0)

Medium size (3.5-4 cm 0)

Table 3. Coryphantha jalpanensis/Coryphantha glassii

Coryphantha jalpanensis Buchenau

Coryphantha glassii Dicht & A. Lüthy




Radial spines

Central spines

Flowers Fruit

Sprouting at the base, forming groups of up to 25 cm 0, single heads cylindrical or short-clavate, up to 15 cm height and 5-6 cm 0, dull green, apex depressed, slightly woolly, fibrous roots

In 5 and 8 series, cylindrical-conical, flattened above, bulging below, ascending, width at the base 10-12 mm, height

9-10 mm, upper surface 7 mm long, lower surface 13 mm, upper part ascending outwards, tubercle grooves on old main sprouts only, with grey-white felt and 1-2 orange glands

With white wool and 1 hidden, orange, sometimes red gland

10-12,6-10 mm long, white with dark tips

1-3 (-4), one of them dominating, 10-17 mm long, protruding slightly downwards, two additional lateral spines upwards, 6-10 mm long, brown, later grey, dark tipped

4-4.5 cm long and 3-4.5 cm wide 15-20 mm long and 10-12 mm diameter

Forming large groups of up to 50 cm 0 by stolons, columnar heads up to 30 cm height, 6 cm 0, lime-green, apex flat, very sparse wool, taproot with narrow neck

In 5 and 8 series, cylindrical-conical, keeled below, ascending, width at the base 6 mm, 14 mm height, upper surface

9 mm, lower surface 20 mm long, upper part, except in new growth, descending outwards horizontally at maximum, tubercle grooves on old main sprouts only, with felt and glands near the areoles

Wool in new growth only, with one clearly visible yellow-orange gland

10-13,10-11 lower ones 8 mm long, lateral ones 7 mm, yellowish-white, often white-dotted, upper 1-2 longer, 12 mm long, nearly white

2-3, one of them dominating, straight, porrect, directed downwards, thick needle-like, 16-25 mm long, yellow-brown-horn-coloured, white dotted, the others obliquely upwards, 11 mm long, yellow-brownish-horn-coloured

10 mm long, 8 mm diameter

Table 4. Coryphantha durangensis ssp. durangensis/ssp. cuencamensis

Coryphantha durangensis subsp. durangensis

Coryphantha durangensis subsp. cuencamensis

Body Egg-shaped to columnar, up to 7 cm wide and over 15 cm high, apex egg-shaped-rounded

Tubercles In 5 and 8, rarely 8 and 13 series, very flat, slightly keeled, length of upper surface 4-6 mm, of lower surface 12-14 mm

Radial 9-16, lower and lateral ones 7-10 mm spines long, upper ones double

Central (0-)1, pointed upwards, slightly protrud-

spines ing or rarely a single central spine nearly at a right angle to the radials

Egg-shaped globose to cylindrical, up to 10 cm wide and 16 cm high, apex flat

In 13 and 21, rarely 8 and 13 series, conical towards the top, length of upper surface 10 mm, of lower surface 13-15 mm

14-17,15-17 mm long, upper ones up to 18 mm

Always 1, porrect, at a right angle to the radials (never pointed upwards)

Table 5. Coryphantha ramillosa ssp. ramillosa/ssp. santarosa

Coryphantha ramillosa subsp. ramillosa Cutak

Coryphantha ramillosa subsp. santarosa Dicht & A. Lüthy

Body Tubercles

Radial spines

Central spines



6 cm 0,5 cm high, grass-green Up to 15-5 mm wide, 20 mm long

14-20,10-35 mm long

4, the lower longest one up to 40 mm long, all thick needle-like

65 mm long, 50 mm wide, colour varying from pale pink to deep rose to purple. Outer perianth segments lighter, broader, with light green midstripe. Inner perianth segments white, upper one-half to one-third pink to purple, filaments short, white, anthers golden to orange

Calcareous soils in the neighbourhood of the Rio Grande from Brewster County, Texas, to Big Bend, USA, and in the neighbouring Mexican states of Chihuahua and Coahuila

7 cm 0,3-4 cm high, grass-green

At the base up to 20 mm wide, 10 mm long

11-13,9-12 mm long,upper ones often bundled

-4, the lower longest one, up to 28 mm long, needle-like

65 mm long, 50 mm 0, yellow. Outer perianth segments yellow with greenish red-brown mid-stripe, at the base 3 mm, towards the tip 4 mm wide. Inner perianth segments yellow, filaments light yellow, anthers dark yellow

In the north of the Mexican State Coahuila. Type locality: La Babia

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