Madagascar

Sara Oldfield and Diedrich Supthut

Madagascar has an extraordinary flora, rich in endemic taxa. Out of an approximate total of 7600 endemic plant species, over 600 are succulent plants. The succulent flora of the island is of great value botanically, ecologically, and economically, and yet it is one of the most endangered succulent floras of the world.

The succulent plants of Madagascar are listed in Annex 7. The family Didiereaceae (see Box 3.3) is endemic to Madagascar and a number of succulent genera in other families are restricted to the island. New succulent species and varieties continue to be discovered and, despite the level of international botanical and horticultural interest in the group, the taxonomic status of many Madagascan succulents remains poorly known.

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