Cites31

Illegal trade 36

Trade in non-CITES succulents 37

In situ conservation 37

Protecting the habitats of threatened species— 37

Protected areas 38

International designations 38

National designations 40

Private land 41

Species management 42

Ex situ conservation 42

Botanic garden networks 43

Seed banks 45

Botanic gardens 45

Hobbyist collections and nurseries 49

Chapter 3. Regional Accounts 52

Tropical Africa 52

Somalia-Masai regional centre of endemism 53

Kenya 53

Ethiopia 55

Somalia 57

Madagascar 59

Threats 61

Conservation status 63

Priority sites for conservation 64

Existing conservation measures 65

Southern Africa 67

Distribution in southern Africa 69

Conservation status 70

Threats 72

Existing conservation measures 75

Proposed conservation strategy 85

North America 85

Succulent plant flora in the United States 86

Threats 86

Local uses and commercialisation 86

Existing conservation measures 87

Assessment of existing conservation measures... 88

Mexico

Succulent plant flora 89

Local use 90

Threats 90

Conservation status 93

Priority sites for succulent plant conservation ... 94

Existing conservation measures 95

The West Indies 99

The succulent flora: plant communities and sites of occurrence 100

Threats 103

Conservation status 106

Priority sites for conservation 106

Existing conservation measures 109

South America 111

The Caribbean Region Ill

The Andean Region 112

The Brazilian Region 118

The Chile-Patagonian Region 125

Chapter 4. Action Proposals 128

General 128

Ex situ conservation 129

Taxon specific 130

Agavaceae 130

Aloaceae 131

Crassulaceae 131

Regional action proposals 131

Canary Islands 131

Mediterranean region 131

Somalia 131

Southern Africa 132

Madagascar 135

India 136

United States of America 136

Mexico and United States of America 138

Mexico 138

Central America 140

Caribbean 140

South America 142

Columbia/Venezuela 142

Venezuela 143

Ecuador 143

Peru 143

Chile 143

Brazil 143

Paraguay 144

References 145

Annex 1 Agavaceae with restricted distribution 156

Annex 2 Asclepiadaceae of conservation concern ... 159

Annex 3 Succulents regulated by CITES 164

Annex 4 Kenyan succulents of highest conservation priority 165

Annex 5 Succulents of the Mediterranean Region ... 166

Annex 6 Succulents of the Canary Islands 171

Annex 7 Succulents of Madagascar 174

Annex 8 Threatened succulents recorded for the

Flora of southern Africa (FSA) region ... 179

Annex 9 Threatened succulents of Zimbabwe 185

Annex 10 Threatened succulents of India 186

Annex 11 Threatened succulents of Mcxico 189

Annex 12 Mexican succulent nurseries 191

Annex 13 Mexican botanic gardens 192

Annex 14 Succulents of the West Indies 194

Annex 15 Brazilian cacti 199

Annex 16 The IUCN Red List Categories 203

Annex 17 IUCN/SSC Cactus and Succulent

Plant Specialist Group members and contributing authors 208

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