Box 34 Conservation agencies and botanical institutions in Madagascar

Direction des Eaux et Forêts (DEF): This government department, under the Ministere de la production animale (elevage et pêche) et des Eaux et forêts, has responsibility for forest management and protected areas. DEF is also the CITES Management Authority.

Office National de L'Environnement (ONE): ONE is a new Government body, created in 1991 . It is currently planning a cross-sectoral review of policies which relate to the environment.

Agence Nationale pour la Gestion des Aires Protégées (ANGAP): ANGAP is an NGO, established with funding from USAID, which works closely with DEF. ANGAP has taken responsibility for 34 out of 50 areas designated for protection and is investigating the development of management plans for protected areas.

National Association for Environmental Actions (ANAE): ANAE is a recently established NGO which serves to provide financing to communities, local NGOs and village organisations for watershed management, reforestation, and erosion control activities developed through local initiatives,

WWF-Madagascar: WWF representation in Madagascar was established in 1979 under a legal decree. Since that time WWF has implemented activities relating to education and public awareness and more recently implementation of field activities particularly relating to management of protected areas. Botanical work at present relates mainly to ethnobotany.

Jardin Botanique de la DRST Tsimbazaza: maintains important living collections of Madagascan plants, but does not have suitable climatic conditions for the cultivation of many of Madagascar's endangered succulents. There is a growing core of well trained and experienced botanical staff, supported by a strong reference library and herbarium. It has been suggested that a CITES Scientific Authority should be based at the Garden.

in general consists of: a law of 15 January 1930 protecting forests; an ordinance, No. 75.014-1975, bringing CITES into force. Law No. 91.008 of 25 July 1991, concerning animal protection, reinforces the importance of CITES banning the export of animal species listed in the Appendices, but does not refer to plant species.

Knowledge of the status in the wild of succulent plant species is essential in determining which plants should be listed for legal protection. At present this information is only partially available.

Review and additional information for this section were kindly provided by Blaise Du Puy, Martin Jenkins, and Bertrand von Arc.

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