Cactus Guide

Small Cactus Identification

Cactus Identification Picture Guide

Mammillaria magallanii Schmoll ex Craig Sparingly clumping, stems to i cm high by 4.5 cm csp I I usually straight, may be hooked. Probably only a I'orm of M. lasiacantha. CS F. distribution Mexico, Coahuila, near Parras O i hi.r WMt s .W. mumccntra, W. wag. v. Iiiimaitspinu, 11, ntobertrandiam. Dumping, individual stems to 40 cm high and cm acniss. v. minor Much, from a separate population is smaller and more weakly spined CS P disirihi iion Mexico, Morelos. HI I'enon de Amayuca, between...

Escobaria vivipara v bisbccana Oram DR Hunt

Clumping, ll 5 7 cm wide, pink. v. huofhim.i (P. Fisher) N.P. Taylor clumping, ll small, peach to light pink (Arizona, near Bagdad), v. descrti (Knglm.) D.R. Hunt, similar lo . buof., solitan', ll small, brownish (USA, distribution S V USA and New Mexico. Oil ikk nvxik.s C.oryphunthti dflirq,ii< j, Esatbaria eg. (mis- applied names). ('. in-. . bub., C vn bunf. v. descrti C (hloranlha & r desali, Esc. chloramfui, Esc. dtierti. Sicm In 10 cm high b> cm' clumping. I I 3 cm across, pale el...

Echinoccrcus hristolii v pscudopcctinutus NP Taylor

Chisos Mountains Cactus

I pdate 1990 now a good species F. pscudopcctinatus ( .P. Tavlor) P lavlor Solitan rsp 12 IV .WW CS PMJ uisi KiiiiTiov Mexico, K Sonora SK Wona. O IHI R NAMI.s pfit talus r. minor. This variety was distributed lor some years as the true II. hristolii Echinoccrcus chisocnsis W.T. Marsh Solitary FI 5 cm across, pinkish magenta, throat white, v. lobcanos (()ehme) Ni.P. Taylor (illus.), clumping, spines weaker H 7 12 cm across. Plants become quickly deformed and ugh with age (Mexico, borders of S...

Mammillaria isotensis Rcpp

Cactus Sierra Lamos

Stems to 25 cm high by 5.5 cm, clumping rsp 10-13, 3-7 mm long, csp 2, ft-17 mm long, lowest longest and hooked, brown to black. Fl 16- IX mm across, carmine. ICS PMI DIMKIHl hon Mexico. Mexico l F, FJ Isote. Mammillaria karwinskiana Mart. Offsetting or branching dichotomuusly, stems up to 10 cm across. Spine length and axillan vwol amounts ven variable. PM7 I IS PM ois ikiiii rton Mexico, around the city of Oaxaca. Ol ill K .xiis If. nnfusa, W. muhisrta, If. amzuttn, .If. ebouiainihd, W....

IVjf vfiidi

Cereus Cactus

Lobivia ticgcliana v. pusilla (Rill .) Rausch I leads up lo 4 cm acn ss lorming muh-headetl clumps FI 4 cm acri ss. v. flaviflora (Rut) Rausch differs mainli b its ins i hi in iion Holivia, S of Tarija. other n wo v jAh t,t ftuiillti, Wedudihivia hinutiuima, I., lift. i. uriandootsis. . Ha iflora L pusilla f. Ilai iflnra. Solilarv. globular to short-cvlindric. 5 7 cm across, esp 6 cm long PI cIiiiv, .1 4 cm across. P. I 168 11 DlsTKllil lloN llolivia. Cuchu Ingcnio. Ol ok nvmi.s l.okn-iu...

Bkbg ex Mottram

Cactus Picture Guide

Solitary, lo 20 cm high and 7 cm across. K140 IP K DISTHIUUTION Mexico Puebla and Oaxaca. Solitan, lo 18 cm or more high by 9- Idem. fkl43 IP k Dis I Kim nos Mexico, Puebla Oaxaca Ixirdcr Mammillaria drocgcana I lild. emend. Repp. Cylindrical, Military ur offsetting, heads up to 211 cm long by 6 cm, rsp 24-32, 6-8 mm long, csp 8- II. 7-12 mm long. FI 1.5 cm across, pink. K279 1 IP KI distriiutiov Mexico, Querelaro. Sierra dc San Moran Clumping, heads up to 2.5 cm across, spines stiff, a spring...

Using The Dictionary

The book is divided into two sections the first comprises a large number of plates with accompanying notes, set out in alphabetical order the second is a cross-referencing index containing most of the names which have been in common use during the last 20 years. When requiring information about a particular species, for example a name taken from a seed list, the reader should first search for it in the illustrated main section. If the name is not to be found there, it should then be sought in...

Neoporteria marksiana Rin Don Rowley

I-'I 4 cm broad, lemon or reddish-yellow. Closclv related lo N. curvispina. PM25I H usTRiBiniON Chile, V ila I'rai to San Fernando. O'llll.K NAMES ihmiocaclus marhianus & r. tunensn, Xenp. marisiana p. tunensis, Pyrrhocadus mark. t . lunensis, P. Iruncalipdalus. Solitan, to 50 cm high by 10 cm, sometimes clumping. Fl OTHER NAMES Xeop. sub*ibhut v. miovsperma, X. micros, v. Solitan , club-shaped, to 3.5 cm across, elongating in cultivation. FT 4 cm across, while to...

Ariocarpus agavoides Castan Anderson

Ariocarpus Agavoides

Fairlv easy from seed, reaches Hovering size in seven years. DISTRIBUTION Mexico, Tamaulipas. OTHER NAMES Artfonaia agno la. Ancistrocactus uncinatus (Gall.) Benson Solitary, to 20 cm high by 7 cm. Csp lo , lo (t cm long. Fl 2.5 cm long, brownish. wrightii (Kngtm.) Benson csp I, to 15 cm. Fl to 3.5 cm, purple (Texas to Mexico, Chihuahua). PM55 HS PM DISTRIBUTION Mexico, Chihuahua to San Luis Potos . OTHER NAMES Qanduluactus unanaHti. . wrightii G. une. mifjktii. Ariocarpus fissuratus (Englm.)...

Mammii I R I

Solitary, globular. aboul 4 cm across, 1 1 pale pink, 1.5 cm across. CS V DISTRIBUTION Mexico, original locality not cited, plants fitting the description have been collected recently between the city ol Guanajuato aid Dolores Hidalgo. orill.K NAMES If. fxMcitiuna. Mammillaria rhodantha Link amp Otto Usually solitary. stems to 40 cm high by 12 cm. Rsp 17 - 24, 4-9 mm. glassy-white to pale yellow csp 4-'J, to 25 mm, yellowish to reddish-brown. k248 IP K DISTRIBl HON Mountains to the K and ol the...

Mammiii4ria

Mammillaria viridiflora (B. & R.) Boed. Stem usually Militan but sometimes clustering, heads to 10 cm high by 7.5 cm CS V distribution Arizona, near Boundary Monument othkk na.mks .If. (hai fzii, M orcstera, M. wilcnxii v. uridiflora, If wnghlii r. liriJifloni Mammillaria voburnensis Scheer I leads to 20 cm long by 8 cm, freely offsetting. Fl 2 cm long, yellow with brownish dorsal stripe v. eiclilamii (Quchl) Repp. . collinsii (B. & R) Repp and v. quctzalcoatl Repp, differ in a number of...

Lobivia grandiflora crassicaulis Bkbg Rausch

Lobivia Jajoiana Paucicostata

Stems 15 cm high and 11.5 cm aenss. offsetting. Fl 6-8 cm long CS PM oisIKllil lk v Argentina. .atamarra, l.a l-.staneia Ol IHK NVMI-S Ildianthucercus cwii auln, I. bau undulgaLfhb If. amp R. non 11 ., tassicauhs Triekverm calamanensis. Lobivia hacniatantha Speg. B. amp R. Solitary, 5-1' cm high by 0-7 cm, I'l 5-7 cm long and broad, red with a white throat. R157 CS PM dim Rim iion rgentina, Salta, V of Cachi to ngostaco. v. chorrilloscnsis Rausch Rausch illus. body 4 cm across, solitary or...

Introduction

We have set out in this volume to attempt the impossible, that is to illustrate all of the globular cacti popularly collected by enthusiasts and to give them their correct scientific name. Our concept of the term 'globular' has had to be expanded somewhat to avoid excluding the increasingly popular genus Echinoccrcus, which contains only a few truly globular members but without which the book would be of greatly reduced use to the average enthusiast On the other hand, to avoid including the...

Neoporteria villosa Monv Berg

Notocactus Uebelmannianus Flower

Solitary, at hrst globular then cvlinJric to 15 cm high bv 8 cm. h 2 cm long. RMF185 'lP F IMStkiirTION Chile, around lluasco and lo Carri al OIHIK N Ml_s 'top. atnsptnosa, cephalophnra, V laniceps. .V. polyrftaphis. Solitary, to i-m high bv 11 cm. FI 2.2 cm long. RMFI9I IP F disiriih i ion Chile, Ni ofU Serena, Juan Soldado Gorge. OTHER NVMhs Y Mtgm. i up in a, V rapiftra. Ncoportcria wagcnkncchtii v. vallenarensis Ritt Hoffmann Solitary, at hrsi globular, later clongated up to em across. Ribs...

Acanthocalycium thionanthum Speg Bkbg

Solitary, to 12 cm high by 6-10cm brcvispinum (Riti.) l> on. to 50 cm by 6 cm, spines djrkcr anil shorter. FI yellow (Cafayate) v. chionanthuni (Speg.) Moss, similar FI while (Cachi-Cachipampa). (CS PM DISTRIBUTION Argentina, Salta, Cachi. oiiUR NAMES A. (atamannut, A.fjxieum', Lobntu thion. i Ml. vars. A. hmts., A. (hion., aid thum. u forts., I hi on. r. dim. Acanthocalycium thionanthum v. aurandacum (Rausch) Don. cx Rausch Solitary , to 5 cm high by 9 cm, rsp 5 - 7, to 5 cm long, csp 1. FI...

Echinopsis suhdenudata Card

I I to 20 cm long, while I lau IP Ml His i Rim iion Holivia. Angosto dc Villamontcs. KC HIN0PS1S - F.PIT IIF.I. ANTIIA 51 KC HIN0PS1S - F.PIT IIF.I. ANTIIA 51 Kchinopsis sucrcnsis Clard. Spherical, later short cvlindnc forming large chimps. I'l 20 cm long. 10 cm k-r ss, white. I'art of the K. bridges complex PM164 11 disikiiu iion Bolivia. Sucre and widespread in the district around.

Frailea pygmaea Speg B R

Solitan or ollsetiing, to . cm long and broad. II .1 cm across, yellow. CS R distribution Uruguay and Argent na. o'lllkk n.vmi S F aspenspina, F. aum, F. aurtinilcm, F. aunispina, F JaiLitii, F fiih iscia, F pulihrrmia. 'CymHoMilliS b fl inii' How. illt'tf. Xt'bl aydui smilhii (Muehlpl.) Kladiwa & I'ittkau Solilan, lo 10 en high bv 4.5 cm. Fl magenta with lighter pe tal margins. CS PM disikiiii i ion Mcxici), Coahnila, ncar Saltillo aml di iii k Wtl s (j ymntwtulus begutnii s i. soiilis k v....

Lobivia chrvsantha Werd Bkbg

Single, up to 7 cm acrass, with a tap-root. Fl 5.5 cm long, vellow w ith a red throal. v. hypoevrta Rausch has a vellow Ii striped red CS PM dis'iriiu iion Argentina, Salla, around Puerta Tastil. oitlKR namks lutbh'iu jansentana. stajfwii. Uusaedv, dragai, polaskiana. Lobivia chrysochete Werd. Bodv llatteneil-globular, to 20 cm across, spines . gt , to 10 cm. Fl 4 cm wide, orangc-red in red. IP M v. markusii Rausch Rausch lower illus spiius 50. to 5 cm, much thinner, golden vcllow Volcan . C S...

Ritt Rausch

Mina Cactus

Single, body s 15 cm acritss i-sp 2 (t cm long Mi cm acmss, yellow, orange or red. P. I1XQ II Dlsi Kllit HON Bolivia, amund (lulpiia 0 I lit r N VMKs I .oh la tulpiNtmi*, I., (ampimla. puj> . Soliian. globular up to HI cm across. Fl 6.5 cm long b illsirhu hon rgentina. Sierra Fanutina. ol ihr n vmi.n l.obh itt JiMHiM rmuii'Mina, ' . frandis Single (hut sparingly offsetting in cultivation). up In 7 cm across. spines up in ii cm lung, awl-shaped. brownish-jellow. M 5 - h cm acriiss, shades 1...

Mammillaria grusonii Runge

Usually solitary , spherical to elongated, up to 25 cm across. IIIS PMI DISTRIBUTION. Mexico. Coahuib, Sierra Bob. Mammillaria guclzowiana Werd. Simple or clusterint,'. heads up lo 7 cm across 116 cm wide. ICS I'M DiMKiiu Hon Mexico, Durango. mountainsides N of Rio N'uas. oI ill K n xii.s Kraimia gjuhtmuna. (Bravo) attrib. to Hoed, by) Bkbg. & Knuth Body cylindric up to 60 cm long, 0 cm broad, eventually clomping, op hooked or .straight. Fl small, red. IP k nisiKim Hon. Mexico, Ciuerrcru,...

Mammillaria leueantha Boed

Solitan or clusterins, up to 3.5 cir across the stems. CS I'M DisiKiiii iion Mexico, San l.uis Potosi, near Solcdad Die Gutierrez. Mammillaria Icwisiana Lindsay Solitary, flattened to globular, tip to 11 cm across CS TM i istkiiii lins Mexico, Una California, Yiscaino IX-sert, 7 miks W of 1esquital Ranch Hody 12 cm high by 5 cm, clumping rsp 14-20, 4 - 7 mm luoi*, white, i> p 4-7, 7 18 rrm long, hi west longest ami hooked, all brown lo black I I14 mm across, pink. Closely related to M....

Neoporteria coimascnsis

Neoporteria Cactus Flower

Solitary , to 30 cm and more high by 12 cm. Fl 5-7.5 cm long, 4 cm broad, widely opening, v. robusta (Ritt.) Ritt., (upper, R.M182 IP F j tends to fair thicker and darker spination fl to 8 cm long (F. of Montenegro). RMF105 IP F DISTRIBUTION Chile, I .as Coimas and from I .as Chilcas in the S to N of lllapel. OTHER NAMES v. robusta en port ma robusta Neoporteria confinis (Ritt.) Don. & . Rowley Solitary , bod green or black, globular later elongated, 6-8 cm broad Fl 3cm across R.MF173 IP F...

Riit Don Rowley

Solitary, dwarf. 2.5 4.5 cm across, csp 1-2, 1-1.5 cm long. I'l 3.5 cm actus, white lo yellowish, v. residua (Ritt.) Hoffmann Is up to 8cm across, csp 2 - 5(-8), I -3 cm long (Antufagasta to Tocopillu). IP ex Ritt. I-' Dis i Rim't ion Chile, mountains N of Antolagasta. o l iii k names emhrlenia ream J., Pyrriiocaclus recond. v. residua Vrwr residua, Pyrrho. rcsiduus. Ncoportcria rccondita v. vcxata (Ritt.) MolTmann Solitan, llattened-globular, to 3 cm (rarely to 5 cm) across. I'l 3 cm long....

Parodia pluriccntralis Ukbg Brandt

Solitary. to 12 cm high by 5 cm. 11 5 cm across, el low. (PI 69 CS DI IS J DISTRIBUTION Argentina, Salta. near Amblayo. Solitary, 8 cm high In 10 cm. I I .1 cm broad, golden yellow, jl J84 IP DIIS Solitary, to 30cm high by 5cm. Fl to 3 cm long. IP DIIS OISIRIBUTION Bolivia. IXr> t. Chuquisaca, mouth til Rio Challamarca. othfcr n.vmts. P ihiillamuuuitii, P. piruJoprrncru. Solitary, 8 cm high by 7 cm. 1-1 2 cm broad, dark orange to ims I kntt I ion Bolivia. IXpt. Cochabamba. near Mine Asicntus....

Parodia spegazziniana Brandt

Porcupine Bite

Fl 5 cm across, red. other names P tapillitacnus, P tgantca r. jujuyana'. Usually .solitan, to 2(1 cm high b 15 cm rsp lo 25, thin. Fl 4 cm long, yellow to orange v. robustior Bkbg. spines stouter, rsp 12-13. Ft red, 2-5 cm across (Maimara). oi HER N WIES P. friaana. P. giganua, P x kraus(anu. P. pstudoituemm, P. rifpdispina, P. mbmenlra, P uvparia, In habitat small and llaitcncJ, in cultivation becoming larger and elongated, 6 cm across csp hooked or straight. Fl...

Echinomastus durangensis Rge B R

Globose Id elongate .', to 25 cm high hy 10 cm. M small, distribution Mevco, Durango. Rio azas. Echinoccrcus viridiflorus v. davisii (Houghton) VV.T. Marsh tiny plant, in the wild only 1.2 2 cm high by 0.9- 1.2 cm, growing larger and cventua Iv clumping in cultivation. distribution S of Marathon, Texas. other names E. davisii.

Lobivia aurca B R

Lobivia Small

Single-headed. h dy sphencal to eongated up to 10 cm high, with 14 15 acute ribs. Rsp whitish, usually 10 around 1 cm long, csp darker, usually 1 sometimes up to 4. thicker, up to 3 cm long. I'l 9 cm long, 8 cm broad, lemon-vellow. II'185 IP DIIS DISTRIBUTION Argentina, Cordohi. ol HER N VMES Echinopsis aurca, l.ibkia iyiittdnia, 'srudtdubn ia aurca, P. luiajinra, Hynenorcbutu aurca For varieties of I aurca other thai those below sec Appendix 3. Lobivia aurca . fallax (Oehme) Rausch Single or...

Corypii Wi ll

Flower pinl i m am* . CS PM ihs ikibl hon Mexico, Sierra de la Paila. cit1ifr wmls c pusmifloni. Conphantha pyenaeantha (Mart.) I.cm. Flowers 4 5 on broad, lemon-yellow. K 13 IP K) disirihltlov Mexico, Oaxaca Stale. Conphantha pscudunickelsac Bkbg. H 3.5 cm wide, pale yellow. Kl O IP K dis iriultion Mexico. Durango Slate.

Gymnocalycium ambatoense Piles

Single, more or less globular, up to 15 cm acruss, 5 1(1 cm high, ll up to 4.5 cm long, 3-4 cm across, white with a pinkish nudstnpc or pink. Closclv related to (i. ma anensc. P2VIIS DI IS DISTKIBI HON Argentina, Catamarva, Sierra Ambato amongst grass and most Gymnocalycium andreac (Bocd.) Bkbg. One of the few yellow-llowereJ member of the genus ollsctting with age. l echser IP DI IS dls IKlltl hon Argentina. Cordoba. oimik nvxiks C. andreac v. ffundiflarum. Gymnocalycium amsitsii (Sch.) B....

Gymnocalycium fcrrarii Rausch

Gymnocalycium Glaucum P36

Ilaltened-globular, 3-4 em high by 9 cm greenish-grey. FI 4.5 cm long and 3.5 cm across, whitish-pink with pink midstnpe. throat pink IP DHS l isi riih'iion rgtniina. Catamaaa, near Santa Theiesa. Spherical in elongated. occasionally offsetting. I 'l up to 4 cm long, white with a pink throat. CS GC Slow-growing, up to 12 em across. 1*1 up in 4.5 cm across, white with darker midstnpe (P36 IP DHS oisikiiu Tiov rgentina, SK of Tinogasta. Bod reddish brown with sharpb antflcd ribs, marked...

Copiapoa hvpogaca Ritt

Very variable in spination, the . barquitensis Ritt. from Itarquilo having longer and thinner spines. (CS GCJ DIM KIBt HON Chile, coastal mountains of Chanaral. DlllhK n VMh.v C wlluula, C montana, C rurissima. v. S. rt oitcnsis 'C barqmttntu'. Copiapoa krain iana Ritt. In habitat seems lo form hybrid swarms with C. cinerca. Some of these may be seen in cultivation labelled C. krain iana but these have hard spines rather than the soft almost hair-like spines typical of the latter species.

Gymnocalycium baldianum Speg Speg

I I often bright red hut can he pink or even white PI27 CS PM DIM Kit rio Argentina, Catamarca. OIHfcR N VMl.s C. wiluriunum. Gymnocalycium borthii Koop Closely related to ( . pbbosum. I tody flattened becoming elongated-globular, up to 10 cm high bv cm. I I 5 cm across, white with a pink throat. OFl 9-80 1 IS DIIS dimkiui iion Argentina, San l.uis, at ( uines.

White Icsdhsi

IMS I Hllll HON Paraguay to Ura il. o i hi k wh y G fruianum, G kurwrnkyanum, G marsonrri, G. mahtcnse, G. mefiiiar, 0' oiiyihaainihtim, G toiunJharpum. G itminudum, G Inrjufa. Smaller than the species, with more rsp and one central spine. CS GC DISTRtBU I ION Bolivia. Santa Cm , Izozog basin. OTHER n vmks (j. oKjag,f 7, C. pjianzii i iz tzogsii. Gymnocalycium tudae v. pscudomalacocarpus' (Bkbg.) Don. Flaltcned-gkibular, 7 cm broad and 3 cm high, offsetting, usually reddish-green, spines 3- 5....

Card Rausch

Single, globular lo somewhat elongated, up to 10 cm across, spination variable in density according to llic population from which the plants arc- derived. Fl 3-3.5 cm broad, red, sometimes with a paler throat B5I08-3 IP PI IS DISTRIBUTION llolivia around Tiraquc. OTIIhR NVMl-s I. baut otigoiricha. nmannabarina, pseudofinnabannu, Ci'irmbannea pstudMnnabarinu, dniutbarinu subsp. aamrhoplegma,fdigotricha & i. nminnubarina. Lobivia acanthoplcgma v. patula Rausch Single, Ilattened-globular,...

Rose Bocd Bkbg

Single, up to 7 cm across spines dagger-like with broad bases, radials 5-7 to 2 cm long and lying horizontal nn the body. Fl 5 cm hroad. yellow yellow ish-orangc v. cornuta (Rausch) Rauseh from S of Tarija has broader, flatter ribs and a more upstanding spinalion CS PMJ DlsiKllit HON Bolivia Argentina border region, i ,g. illa on and I.a Qu'iaca. otiikr NVMt s .ohinn pufiomanihu fluvifloru. v. comuta tidprtywpina, (ontuta. Ollsenint to form man -headed mounds. bodv up to 15 cm high by 5 cm. Fl...

Mammillaria insularis Gates

Mottram Cacti

Usually Military, cultivated plants shortly columnar, old plants spannglv offsetting around the base Fl 2.5 cm across. CS V disiktm hon Mexico, outermost islet ol Smith Island group, I.os ngeles Hay, liaja California. Mammillaria johnstonii (R. & R.) Orcutt Solitary , up to 20 cm high hy 10 cm spination very variable, Irom short and straight to lung and twisted, this being linked, incorrectly, to varietal names. kliSI - l IP k imsikim tiov Mcxico. Scinura. San (' irlus Kay oilii.K ll v...

Echinoccrcus pcCtitUs Schcidw Knglm

I'l arc pinkish to lavender in colour with a maroon to white ihroai. v. wenigeri Benson, endemic to Texas, has fewer r p (14-20). UK 1129 1 IS GC distrliu i ion N Mexico over a huge range northwards into S Texas. Echinoccrcus pcntalophus (DC) Lcm. Ribs 4 5, spines 3 7 . leonensis (Mathsson) N.P Taylor from NT. Mexico has 6-i ribs anil up to ') spines per areole Fl similar to the specks. PMS2 I IS PM) oimkiih iion C io NF. Mexico, S Texas. oi iii K n wit s A...

Matucana comacephala Ritt

Solitary, becoming columnar, usually to 75 cm high by 8 cm. 1*1 pink to carmine (1.103, 1.185) or pinkish-orange (1.173). 1.185 1P DHS DISTRIBlJTION Peru mountains above the Rio Maranon, from Balsa* to I.Umcllin and lluari (Af. fiuunianif n.n.). OTHER NAMES M. cahxcphila, Si. vintcn. L suallx solitary, to 15 cm high and broad. H to 9 em long ICS P.MI DISTRIBUTION Peru Cajamarca between Chota and Hualgayoc, I luancabamba near Sondor. OTHER NAMES Horzuadus auraniurus, H aahacms, Ai. (akctrns,...

Fcrocactus wislicni Knglm B R

Fl orange to red. v. herrerae ( .(i. Ortega) N.P. Taylor, to 2 m by 45 cm, less spiny (S Sonora, N Sinaloa, Durango). v. tibur-onensis Lindsay 11 yellow, from Tiburon Island. ll DISTRIBl HON SW USA and NAN Mexico. OTHKK WMI S vars F hcrrirce. '. lihumttftuis. Frailca castanca Bkbg. Solitary. fl 4 cm broad. IP RM distribution S Brazil to N Uruguay. other names F. aslerioiJei. Frailea eolumbiana (Werd.) Bkbg. Clumping, 11 2.5 cm lung. CS pM DISIKIIU l os Said...

Gvmnocalvcium Iccanum Hook B R

Gymnocalycium Nidulans

Disikihliion Uruguay and adiaccnt areas of Argentina. large, sphcrical spccics, dull green and strong ) fined, II short and stout, whitish to pink. Probably conspecific with G. niduhins & G. weissianunt, also described by Backcberg from the same general area. I.5I0 1P I)IIS DISTRIBl I ION Argentina. Ma an. (HIIKK NAMES C. muciJum, ( . guiuuhinoui. Gymnocalycium mesopotamicum Kiesling Stem Military (seems to clump in cultivation) up to 4 cm bmad, dark, fairly glossv greer. I 'l 7 cm long bv...

Discocactus bahiensis H R

Fl to 5 cm long, cream. CS GC disikiiu no Brazil, Rahia Discocactus hartmannii Sch. B. amp R. Ilnudly spherical, gliissv I I while. IP I I. Herdt Coll. disikiiu iids Paraguay, Paraguari and llrazil. S Mato i rosso. till IKK WMis h nuipiiwuinmus. I mamUhnux, I , piitulil' iius.

Echinopsis mamillosa Gucrkc

Solitary, to 12 cm high by 10 cm rsp 5 -10 mm long, csp to 10 mm Fl 13-18 cm long hr 8 cm. white. In v. Ilevilis Rausch the csp arc very long Argentina), v. hystrichoidcs (Ritt.) Rausch also has pink 11 (around Culpina). v. kermesina (Krain ) Fried, has huge, carmine II. KK76V LS M dim kiiii hon Bolivia, around Tarija. oilll r na.mks E hcrbuiu, F. oruzamna, PtruJolobhiu omzamnti. v. hy strichoidcs F hystrvhoides. v. kermesina Psatdolobhta Lwnainu, 'E. kamaina' Echinopsis mclanopotamica Spcg....

Gymnocalycium barianum Till

Gymnocalycium White Flower

I'l 4 cm broad, creamy white with a pink throat. 11.447 1 P OliS distribution Argentina, Tucuman, near Medina. Gymnocalycium bo singianuni Schuetz lrl pink with a red throat, petals olive brown on the outside. P205 IP DI IS distribltion Argentina, la Riopa, Chipes Viejo. Gymnocalycium bicolor Schuetz Sphcncal, up to 15 cm across. Fl 4.5 cm broad, white. R44 IP D1 IS Gymnocalycium bruchii Speg. Hoss. Forming large clumps of small, densely spined heads with white...

Ritt ex Schuetz

I'l 5.5 cm broad, creamv yellowish at first, later white fISI1593 M Gymnocalycium pflanzii (Vpl.) VVerd. Body very large, to 50 cm across, natt green. II only 5 cm long and broad, white to salmon-pink. vats. millaresii, & riograndense ((-ard.) Don. show only superficial differences from the species. JI.938 IP DI IS Ol.s i riul I ION. N Argentina arid S Bolivia. i)i ill k n vmks The above varieties as species, G. (kuquisaMHum, G. amaraptnx .it., G mnjuezn. Gymnocalycium...

Haage jr Berg

very variable species, plants from each of the- widely scattered populations often differing id numerous details. Body usually to 7 cm broad, greenish grey to reddish ll with a slender tube, up to 6 cm long, while with a reddish throat CS PI60 I)IIS dimKllll iion Argentina. Cordoba. oiiiiknvmin i < ilH(l> inum,v. fltn'upimim. i. mlluinnni i zaninrnunuin fall within the species. Small, noticeably llattened. greyish-brown. II up to 4 cm long, creamy-white with a dull red throat. CS KC Simple...

Gymnocalycium schrocdcrianum

Body simple, depressed, up to 15 cm broad and 5 cm high, ribs 15 IS. Fl up to 7 cm long and 5.5 cm broad, whitish, v. hayense Kiesling has smaller items, mostlv up lo 7 cm broad and 11 only 4 5 cm long. v. paucicostatum kiesling has only 'I 11 very angolate ribs and onb 3 spines as against 5 7 for the other varieties CS PM l)ismint HON Lrugua* (species onlv) and Argentina (species and vars.) Flattened to over 7 cm broid. II pink. Closelv related lo G. capillacnse IP DHS Gymnocalycium sehuet...

Schick Berg

I'l large, whitish-pink IW.VilVI)HS Simple, up to 10 cm high and l cm acniss, grc ish-grccn. 111 cm long, 2.5 cm bnrad, red. CS PM i ns i riim i u is Argentina, Sierra Ambato Characteristically dark bodied P2I2 IP I)MS i isiriim iion. Argentina. K Cordoba. Simple, up to 10 cm high and l cm acniss, grc ish-grccn. 111 cm long, 2.5 cm bnrad, red. CS PM i ns i riim i u is Argentina, Sierra Ambato

Mammillaria canclcnsis Craig

Solium, globose, csp 2 -4, 3 cm long orange-yellow, rsp 22-25, 5- 15 mm long. while I'l greenish-yellow. o plants now available exactly fit this description. The above plant, perhaps an imposter, is in trade as this species. GS K nis i RIM iio Mexico, Chihuahua. Sierra Canelo. otllhRMMhs If. atiriaintha, l. tiunin< hus W. Mlarantha U. fiortsii, If liHttufunwtti, W. mu)msis, W. rnnntntsis. Mammillaria carnca Zucc. ex Pfeift. Solitary or forming small clumps, stems to ID cm high, 4-5 cm across...

Mammillaria itnialcnsis Rcpp

Peanut Cactus Pink

Stems to 10 cm high and fi cm across, clumping to form large mounds, rsp 20 25, 3-5 mm long csp 2-4. 5-12 mm long. H N- 10 mm broad, dark carmine. Closely related lo the solitary-growing M. albilanata. ReppV. 2 IIVKeppi imsi Kim I kin Mexico, Guerrero. Iguala. Mammillaria jaliscana (H. & R.) Hoed. Soli tan, becoming oblong, up to 5 cm broad. I.HM4 CS PM DI.MRIIU llo Mexico, various localities in Jalisco and in bordering areas ol AgMUM. ilicnlv.v, ( uervUw and

Kchinopsis arehaloi Card

Twigs Diy Mask

Freely offsetting lo III cm higli and Imiad. II 16 cm long, Kchinopsis ayopayana Ritt. & Rausch. Rod) at lirsl globular, later strongly elongated. Fl 10 12 cm long, white. Fruit very large F. Madiw iinn i Rausch. would seem In Ik- merely a talcr-growing variety ol this species with very long csp (up lo 111 cm). l M73 IP M) disikiiu ll( Helween Independent and 'llquirpaxa, ilolivia ai 1000 3500 m altitude oiill r wxiis Wfi'in mxtitiirpu n.n.

Fcrocactus gracilis II Gates

Solitary, to 3 m high by 30 cm Fl red. x. coloratus ((rates) (i. I indsay (illus.) is shorter and thicker (S Raja California) r gatcsii (i. I .indsay may be only an island form of F. gracilis. ll DISTRIBUTION Mexico, Central ftaja California. OTHKR WXiKs x. coloratus F. color., F. liscainensts, F. xvin uh( i'. inc. Fcrocactus histrix (DC) G. I.indsay Soliiarx, to 110 ern high bv 0 cm. Fl vcllow. PM35 HS PM DISTRIBUTION Widespread in C Mexico. OTHKR NAMES 'F. clutracanthus

Mammillaria dioica K Brandcgee

()ffsetting from die base lo form small clumps, stems to 33 cm high b Idem. K244 IP K ims i kiiii i ion S California to Mexico, mainland Raja California and several islands Clumping, heads up in 18 cm high In 13 cm ll 1.6 cm wide rsp 22 28. csp 4 6 11)118525 1 IS I. IMS i kiiii nos. Mexico Puebla, Hidalgo Oaxaca and Mesico Dl (hin.k nwii.s W. mwia, .If espera nzaensis, ,11. nsaumae. M mhotcrenae. W. pjcJiyrltw. W sehmnllii. Mamniillaria discolor v. niultispina

Mammii I Ari A

Mammillaria gaumcri (B. & R.) Orcutt l-orming null cliunp , m li idujl heads up lu 15 cm across. Dis I Kim HON Mexico, ucalan, on sand dunes near Mammillaria geminispina Haw. Forming magnificent mounds ip lo 2 m hnud in habitat 1 leads up lo 18 em long, 8 cm across, csp 1 - 8 cm long, hi sparingly produced, small, cream with a carmine centre k 250 1IV K Dis I ktid I ion Mexico, I lidaljo, widespread S of Zimapan luit at ils licsl m the llarrancade Met tiilan o I III k N VMI.s W fottinispm t...

W htHlt Jcra W uoiriHenw

(ilobose to short cylindrical, up to 4 cm across, sparingly ofTsetting. Spines urigirully described as brownish-yellow but in the form pictured, from Ojo Caliente, they are blackish-red. CSA 1 dis i k i id ik in Mexico. Aguase alien les. San (iil Flattened, usualb solitary, up to 4cm across. Closely related Dis iKllit TtON Mexico, Baja California. Clustering, heads to 3 cm across ll tiny, pink . asccnsionis (Kepp.) (ilass Poster (illus ) ll 1.8 2 2 cm broad ( ueu I.eon, Ascension), v....

Oi Iiir Nvxh s If hemtspkatrua

Mammillaria hertrichiana Craig I leads llattened-globular, up to 13 cm across, clustering to form clumps nearly I m wide. CS PM distribution Mexico, So-Kira on the Rancho FJ Agriminsor F. of Tcsopaco. Mammillaria huajuapensis Brav Solitary 10-12 cm in diameter, ll small, purple. Probabh a variety of M. nmtax. NPT540 H distribution Mexico, Oacaca, hills F. of I luajuapan de Leon. Becoming fairly globular, to about 12 cm across II 2-2.5 cm long, brownish-pink. DIM Rllit Hon New Mexico and...

Lobivia fcrox B R

Solitary, 30- 70 cm high by 30 cm. isp up to IK cm long. Fl 9-11 cm long, 6-8 cm bnnd, while to whitish-pink CS PM DISTKIUL HON cry widespread, from Omni in Bolivia to Purmamarca in Argentina. 0 I lit k WMi.s. I.ohniii J'erttt r. (unurgatsis, frrux 1 pnlnsina, I Juris pauh, poiosiiu, FAinopsts frrux, I. laurimsis, F pomsinu, tcrdana, Pseudolobivui fcrox, P Icomcnsis & P fnHosinu.

Echinoccrcus adustus v schwarii lau NP Taylor

Csp van In mi I to 5. flowers are generalh larger than those of the type U305.'CS PM insi kiiii hon Mexico. Durango oihi.k v ihs I', sfhmrzii. Echinocactus texensis I lopfl. The plant shown is lairly typical, weaker or stronger-spincd forms occur, ( rows up to 15 cm high In .10 cm. flower ( cm across. IIS PM )isi kiiii 11() Texas andSF. New Mexico lo K Mexico, m um wxiks llnmtoccplala rcxoifii.

Rebuta helios v condorensis

Spination longer and less nial than in the species, heads larger forming bigger clumps in cultiution. Fl orange or red. 1.405 CS PM distribution. Bolivia, Condor Pass and Cajas Pass. other names R. hdiosa i . (ajasmsis. Spine-length rather variable Fl 2.5 cm across IJ50 IP DHS OIS I RHU.HON Bolivia, near Comarapa. OTMtR names. McJi'tiobiiia ithyiuuntha. Rebut a hof mann Dicrs & . Rausch Probably onlv a form of R. fiebriffii. Fl lo +.5 cm across. niSTRIIIirriON Argentina. Salta, near Sania...

Fcrocactus macrodiscus Mart B R

Solilan, flattened, lo 40 cm across, ribs 13 35. II3 4 cm across, purplish-pink with white petal nargins A form with fewer, more pronounced ribs from (iuanajuato is in trade and deserves a name. Flowers well in cultivation. (II. from Oaxacal Fcrocactus pcninsulac (W eber) B. & R. Solitary. lo 2.5 m high b. 50 cm. v. tovvnscmiianus (II. & K.) VP. Tavlor, smaller rarely to I m (S Haja California). . santa-maria (ii. & r.) N.P. Fay lor (see plate) globular, to 60 cm high, spines stnui,...

Fcrocactus latispiuus Haw B R

Fl 4 cm across, purplish or yellow, v. spiralis (karv ex PfeilT.) .P. Taylor more cylindnc, II smaller, whit sh with pinkish midstripes (Puebla to S a aca) ll dimriiution Very widespread in C Mexico. oihkr nvnits v. spiralis ' nrumu. Fcrocactus lindsavi II. Bravo-H. Solitary, in 60 cm high and 4(1 cm wide. Fl yellow. H DIS IKIIU'HON Mexico, Mahoican, of Rio Balsas basin, SK of Apatringan.

Fcrocactus fordii Orcutt B R

Solitary, spherical tu shi n cylindric, tu 12 cm across. Fl 4 cm long, purple. ll DISTRIMTION. Mexico. V coast ot llaia California. F'crocactus glauccsccns (DC) B. & R. Stems solitary or clumping, tn 45 70 cm high by 50 cm. Fl xclloxi, produced on very old plants in cultivation (see plate) JCS P) DISTRIBltlON Mexico Hidalgo Queretaro and San l.uis I'otosi.

Fcrocactus cvlindraccus iKnglm Orcutt

L sually military, to 3 m high by 50 cm. 1*1 green or yellow. . Iccontci (Knglm.) II. Bravo-ll., . east wood iae (Ik-ttson) N.P. l ay lor & v. tortulispinus ((iatcs) 11 Bravo-ll. differ mainlv in spination. I. johnstonianus B K is pmbabh a dwarf island race. MS P.M dim rim. iion SW ISA and N Yexieo oihirwmis F uiunihnJrt & van., , mm. v. tortulispinus F uniiluipirnu. Fcrocactus cchidnc (DC) B. cN R. Very variable, 35-80 cm high bv 20-30 cm. I I occasionally red. Seed-raised plants flower well...

Escobara villardii Castcttcr al

FI tu 2.5 cm across, wtuic with a light brown to pink midstripe. A member ol the F. orvuttii gioup, including E. sandbcrgii and F. albicolumnaria. all ol which are similar-looking plants (see Appendix 2). CS V DISTRIBUTION New Mcxico, face of the Sacramento Mis.

Escobara snccdii B R

Skm tu cm hig'i by 2.5 cm. densely clustering. I I 12 mm across, pale pink to magenta. K. guadalupensis Brack & Ileil is similar but usually Military, to III cm high by 5 cm. FI pale yellow, cream or pink, with pink midst ripe disirim liov New Mexico, Dona Ana wnty and O'lHKK NVXlt.s (.'nrrpluittlha wain Escobar a strobiliformis Schccr cx Bocd. r.xtrcmch sanable. 5-12 cm high by 2.5 7 cm. FI 2.5-3.5 cm across, pale pink tv whitish. CS P.M dim kim hon New Mexro and V Texas Mcxico, Coahuila,...

Distriiu mo NF Mexico and SV Texas

O'lHi R NAXih.s F. fr.uchlbaicriutiu. runr'iii, Coryplmnlliu Escobaria hcnricksonii Glass & Foster Stems cylindric, to 3 cm across, clumping. Fl to 2.5 cm across, pinkish-purple CSAV distrihimon Mexico, S Chihuahua and NK Durango. Escobaria hesteri (V. right) Buxb. Stems to 4 cm high, globose. CS V distriot hon Texas, Brewster Count . onihR Nxxii.s ConphiiHihn lu lm.

Echinopsis bridges SI

Offsetting, stem to 10 cm broad, ccrtral spin* long, ll 15-IX cm long. Similar but much more elongated, to 50 cm long, and with much shorter spines r. K. cochabambcnsis Hkbg., from Cinhabamha. P.M146 H insiKim iion Holivia, highlands amund I.a Pa . OTllKK n vmi.s F. cotacajcsi (lard F. ihicoatcnsis (lard., F. pojoensis Card. and F vallcgrandcnsis Card, all appear to be forms of this variable species

Echinoccrcus triglochidiatus v neomcxicanus Sundlev Benson

Clumping, spines 11 22 of w hich 4 are csp to 4 cm long. Fl scarlet, salmon-pink or white. arizonicus (Rose ex Orcun) Benson similar with fever, thicker spines (Arizona), v. gurneyi Benson stems few, spines 8 10 including 1 -2 csp'to 2 em (S V USA, NAV Mexico). HS PM ni.STRIBLHON SK Arizona, Sand New Mexico, V Texas Mexico, N Chihuahua. OTHKR NAMKs F. nisei, F. nennainittiu. v. ari onicus F. arizonicus. Echinoccrcus triglochidiatus v. melanacanthus (Englm.) Benson Forming mounds, stems 7.5(-15)...

Terscheck ex Walpi Htm FA Haagc

Csp always absent rsp 18-30 or more up to 6 mm long, varying from brown to while, v. annutus (Poselger) N.P. Taylor (on right) rsp up to 23, lo 8 mm in length, csp almost always present, to 21) mm long, usually black. Fl often large, pink with a green throat (Nuevo Leon, Huasteca Canyon). I IS PMj DISTRIBUTION Texas, Oklahoma and NT. Mexico. OTHER NAMES F. cacspitosm, F. purpureus. F. annatia.

Conphantha gucrkcana Hoed B R 11 while [K WIPk

Imstribi lit n Mexico, near ihc city of Durango. Conphantha jalpancnsis Buchenau Fl p ili* yellow-green up lo 12 cm to f_SAY DISTRIBUTION Mexico, Queretaro, hills around jalpan Con pliant ha lauii Bremer Solitary. glohou to elongate. 5 cm arm . rxp IH 211. 9-13 mm long csp I, to It) mm long. Fl 4.5 cm across, light yellow CS iMsikim iion Mexico. Coahuili, 30miles of FJ Marie, 2000-2500 m.

Astrophytum senile Fric

In v. aorcum (Mocll.) the oung spines arc pale ellow. Many varieties forms described for this species including the columnar v. column re (Sch.) Tsuda, the four ribbed v. quadricostattim (Mocll.) Haum and the flock-less v. nudum (R Mo.) Hkbg. CS PM i us i kim tlov C to N highland areas of Mexico. )1'HKK ti s aneties may all hive been referred to as full species at one time or another.

Ancistrocactus crassihamatus Web Benson

Solitary, to 20 cm or so high In 10- 15 cm. Fl not opening widely, 2 cm long, purple. IP K o I her NAMK.V Glandutiaulus crusuhamatus. Arequipa hcmpeliana (Guerke) Oehmc ( lobular to elongated, spination extremely variable, often much denser than in the plant illustrated. RMF30 IP F Dts'i Kim111< > N Chile and S Peru. oiher names'. All other species o Arequipa Beniattus hemptlianus, B. ret tip i & tan.