Textfigures

PAGE.

Fig. i. Hedge of Pereskia pereskia 7

2. Tree of Pereskia autumnalis 11

3. Branches of Pereskia autumnalis 12

4. Branch of Pereskia lychnidiflora 12

5. Leafy branch of Pereskia nicoyana 13

6. Branch of Pereskia zehntneri 13

7. Cultivated plant of Pereskia zehntneri . 14

8. Herbarium specimen of Pereskia moorei 15

9. Tree of Pereskia guamacho 15

10. Flowering branch of Pereskia guamacho 16

11. Leafy branch and flower of Pereskia colombiana 17

12. Branch and fruit of Pereskia bleo 18

13. Fruit of Pereskia bahiensis 19

14. Leafy branch of Pereskia bahiensis 19

15. Tree of Pereskia bahiensis 20

16. Hedge containing Pereskia grandifolia . 21

17. Branch of Pereskia zinniaeflora 21

18. Tree of Pereskia cubensis 22

19. Leafy branch of Pereskia cubensis 22

20. Branch and fruit of Pereskia portulaci-

folia 23

21. Potted plant grown from a cutting of

Pereskiopsis velutina 26

22. Branch of Pereskiopsis diguetii 27

23. Branch of Pereskiopsis opuntiaeflora . . 27

24. Branch of Pereskiopsis rotundifolia . . . 27

25. Shows a clump of Pereskiopsis rotundi-

folia 28

26. Branch of Pereskiopsis porteri 28

27. Branch of Pereskiopsis aquosa 29

28. Leaf of Pereskiopsis kellermanii 30

29. Leaf of Pereskiopsis kellermanii 30

30. Leaf of Pereskiopsis kellermanii 30

31. Seed of Pterocactus hickenii 31

32. Plant of Pterocactus hickenii 31

33. Branch of Pterocactus fischeri 31

34. Seed of Pterocactus fischeri 31

35. Seed of Pterocactus pumilus 31

36. Seed of Pterocactus tuberosus 31

37. Plant of Pterocactus tuberosus, showing a very large root 32

38. Potted plant of Pterocactus tuberosus .. 33

39. Joint of Nopalea guatemalensis 35

40. Joint of Nopalea lutea 35

41. Large plant of Nopalea dejecta 36

42. Joints of Nopalea dejecta 37

43. Joints of Nopalea karwinskiana 37

44. Joint of Nopalea inaperta 37

45. Flower of Tacinga funalis 38

46. Longitudinal section of flower ofTacinga funalis 38

48. Tip of young branch of Tacinga funalis 38

49. Plant of Tacinga funalis, climbing over bushes 39

50. Plant of Maihuenia valentinii 40

51. Fruit of Maihuenia poeppigii 41

52. Joint and flower of Maihuenia brachydel-

phys 41

53. Plant of Maihuenia tehuelches 41

54. Branch of Opuntia ramosissima 46

55. Section of stem of Opuntia ramosissima 46

56. Plant of Opuntia leptocaulis 48

pAGE.

Fig. 57. Section of stem of Opuntia leptocaulis . 48

58. Joint of Opuntia caribaea 48

59. Thicket formed of Opuntia caribaea ... 49

60. Clump of Opuntia arbuscula 50

61. Plant of Opuntia arbuscula 51

62. Fruiting branch of Opuntia arbuscula. . 51

63. Flowering branch of Opuntia thurberi . 53

64. Branch of Opuntia davisii 55

65. Branch of Opuntia viridiflora 55

66. Branch of Opuntia whipplei 55

67. Plant of Opuntia acanthocarpa 56

68. Joint of Opuntia serpentina 58

69. Plant of Opuntia bigelovii 59

70. Joint of Opuntia bigelovii 59

71. Potted plant of Opuntia ciribe 60

72. Joint of Opuntia ciribe 60

73. Potted plant of Opuntia cholla 61

74. Joint of Opuntia cholla 62

75. Proliferous fruits of Opuntia cholla, developing new joints 62

76. Proliferous fruits of Opuntia cholla, developing new joints 62

77. Joints of Opuntia lloydii 63

78. Plant of Opuntia lloydii 63

79. Plant of Opuntia imbricata 64

80. Potted plant of Opuntia tunicata 65

81. Plant of Opuntia pallida 65

82. Potted plant of Opuntia molesta 67

83. Joint of Opuntia prolifera 69

84. Potted plant of Opuntia prolifera 70

85. Potted plant of Opuntia alcahes 70

86. Joint of Opuntia verschaffeltii 72

87. Grafted plants of Opuntia clavarioides . 73

88. Potted plant of Opuntia salmiana 74

89. Joints of Opuntia salmiana 74

90. Potted plant of Opuntia subulata 76

91. Joint of Opuntia pachypus 77

92. Joints of Opuntia schottii 81

93. Joints of Opuntia clavata 81

94. Joints of Opuntia parishii 82

95. Joints of Opuntia pulchella 82

96. Plants of Opuntia vilis 83

97. Joints and cluster of spines of Opuntia bulbispina 83

98. Joints of Opuntia grahamii 84

99. Plants of Opuntia weberi 84

100. Joints of Opuntia weberi 85

101. Potted plant of Opuntia floccosa 86

102. Mound of Opuntia lagopus 88

103. Root, joints, and flower of O. australis . 88

104. Joints of Opuntia glomerata 89

105. Joint of Opuntia aoracantha 91

106. Joint of Opuntia rauppiana 92

107. Flowering plant and fruit of Opuntia subterranea 92

108. Joints of Opuntia hickenii 92

109. Joint of Opuntia darwinii 94

110. Joints of Opuntia atacamensis 94

111. Joints of Opuntia russellii 94

112. Joints of Opuntia ovata 95

113. Potted plant of Opuntia sphaerica 96

114. Joint of Opuntia skottsbergii 97

115. Joint of Opuntia nigrispina 97

116. Joint of Opuntia pentlandii 97

TEXT-FIGURES—continued.

Fig.

Joints of Opuntia pentlandii . . Joint of Opuntia igneseens . . . Mound of Opuntia ignescens . Plant of Opuntia campestris . .

Joints of Opuntia ignota

Thicket of Opuntia pumila . . . Joints of Opuntia pumila . . . . Joints of Opuntia pubescens . . Joints of Opuntia curassavica .

Joints of Opuntia militaris

Joints and flower of Opuntia tracyi Joints and flowers of Opuntia pusilla . .

Joints of Opuntia aurantiaca

Potted plant of Opuntia schickendantzii

Plant of Opuntia kiska-loro

Joints of Opuntia canina

Plant of Opuntia retrorsa

Plant of Opuntia utkilio

Joints of Opuntia anacantha

Thicket of Opuntia bella

Joints of Opuntia bella

Joints of Opuntia bella

Plant of Opuntia triacantha

Plant of Opuntia tuna

Joints of Opuntia tuna

Thicket of Opuntia antillana

Joints of Opuntia antillana

Plant of Opuntia decumbens

Plant of Opuntia depressa

Joints of Opuntia lubrica

Landscape showing Opuntia treleasei. .

Joints of Opuntia basilaris

Plant of Opuntia microdasys

Potted plant of Opuntia, probable hybrid

Joint of Opuntia macrocalyx

Plant of Opuntia rufida

Plant of Opuntia pycnantha

Potted plant of Opuntia comonduensis

Plant of Opuntia inamoena

Joint of Opuntia inamoena

Joints of Opuntia allairei

Joints of Opuntia pollardii

Plant of Opuntia opuntia

Fruit of Opuntia grandiflora

Flowering joint of Opuntia grandiflora Flowering joints of Opuntia austrina . . Joints, flower, and fruit of O. plumbea .

Fruit of Opuntia stenochila

Fruit of Opuntia stenochila

Joint of Opuntia stenochila

Potted plant of Opuntia delicata

Joint of Opuntia soehrensii

Joint of Opuntia microdisca

Joints of Opuntia strigil

Joints of Opuntia ballii

Joints of Opuntia pottsii

Joint of Opuntia setispina

Plant and fruit of Opuntia mackensensii

Joint of Opuntia macrocentra

Joint of Opuntia tardospina

Cluster of spines of Opuntia gosseliniana

Joint of Opuntia gosseliniana

Joint of Opuntia angustata

Plant of Opuntia azurea

Joints of Opuntia azurea

Joint of Opuntia covillei

page.

98

Fig. 185.

Joint of Opuntia vaseyi

page 146

98

186.

Potted plant of Opuntia occidentalis . .

I47

98

187.

Joint of Opuntia brunnescens

I50

99

188.

Fruit of Opuntia brunnescens

I50

99

189.

Joint of Opuntia galapageia

I50

IOO

190.

Flower of Opuntia galapageia

I50

IOI

I9I.

Joint and cluster of spines of Opuntia

IOI

galapageia

I5I

I02

192.

Flowering joint of Opuntia delaetiana .

I52

504

I93.

Joints of Opuntia hanburyana

I54

104

I94.

Joint of Opuntia quitensis

I54

io5

I95.

Joint of Opuntia distans

I55

106

196.

Joint of Opuntia elata

I57

107

I97.

Joints of Opuntia cardiosperma

158

107

198.

Joint of Opuntia scheeri

I59

108

I99.

Plant of Opuntia chlorotica

160

108

200.

Joints of Opuntia chlorotica

160

109

201.

Plant of Opuntia dillenii

162

110

202.

Joint of Opuntia tapona

164

110

203.

Potted plant of Opuntia littoralis

164

Iii

204.

Joints of Opuntia cantabrigiensis

167

112

205.

Part of joint and cluster of spines of

112

Opuntia procumbens

167

II3

206.

Joint of Opuntia cañada

167

II4

207.

Joint of Opuntia pyriformis

168

II4

208.

Joint of Opuntia durangensis

169

II5

209.

Plant of Opuntia macdougaliana

170

115

210.

Potted plant of Opuntia macdougaliana Joint of Opuntia wilcoxii

I7I

II7

211.

172

118

212.

Plant of Opuntia tomentosa

I73

II9

213.

Joint of Opuntia tomentella

I74

II9

214.

Potted plant of Opuntia leucotricha . . .

I75

120

2I5.

Joints of Opuntia orbiculata

176

121

216.

Potted plant of Opuntia pilifera

I77

121

217.

Plants of Opuntia ficus-indica

178

122

218.

Fruit of Opuntia ficus-indica

178

122

219.

Plant of Opuntia crassa

I79

123

220.

Potted plant of Opuntia maxima

Joint of Opuntia spinulifera

180

124

221.

182

I25

222.

Joint of Opuntia lasiacantha

183

I25

223.

Joint of Opuntia zacuapanensis

183

126

224.

Joint of Opuntia hyptiacantha

184

126

225.

Joint of Opuntia streptacantha

184

128

226.

Potted plant of Opuntia megacantha . .

185

129

227.

Plants of Opuntia megacantha

186

129

229.

Joint of Opuntia megacantha

186

130

229.

Joint of Opuntia deamii

187

I3I

230.

Joint of Opuntia eichlamii

188

132

231.

Joint of Opuntia inaequilateralis

188

132

232.

Joint of Opuntia pittieri

189

132

233.

Joint of Opuntia cordobensis

189

I33

234.

Fruit of Opuntia cordobensis

189

135

235.

Joint of Opuntia quimilo

190

I35

236.

Fruit of Opuntia quimilo

190

136

237.

Joint and flowers of Opuntia quimilo . .

I9I

I37

238.

Plant of Opuntia robusta

192

138

239.

Plant of Opuntia fragilis

I94

138

240.

Joints of Opuntia arenaria

I95

I39

241.

Joint of Opuntia trichophora

I95

140

242.

Plant of Opuntia erinacea

196

I4I

243.

Joint of Opuntia juniperina

I97

I4I

244.

Seed of Opuntia juniperina

I97

I4I

245.

Joint of Opuntia hystricina

I97

142

246.

Joint of Opuntia sphaerocarpa

198

I43

247.

Joints of Opuntia polyacantha

I99

I43

248.

Joint of Opuntia stenopetala

200

I45

249.

Upper part of joint and flower of Opuntia

I45

stenopetala

201

TEXT-FIGURES—continued.

Fig. 250

264 265 266 267 268 269 270

Plants of Opuntia palmadora

Joints of Opuntia palmadora

Plants of Opuntia nashii

Potted plant of Opuntia nashii

Joint of Opuntia bahamana

Flower of Opuntia bahamana

Plants of Opuntia macracantha

Potted plant of Opuntia macracantha. . Potted plant of Opuntia spinosissima . .

Plants of Opuntia millspaughii

Plant of Opuntia moniliformis

Plant of Opuntia moniliformis

Plant of Opuntia moniliformis

Plants of Opuntia rubescens

Plants of Opuntia rubescens

Proliferous fruits of Opuntia rubescens

Joint of Opuntia rubescens

Fruit of Opuntia brasiliensis

Plant of Opuntia brasiliensis

Branch of Opuntia bahiensis

Joint and fruit of Opuntia bahiensis . . .

Plant of Opuntia bahiensis

Plant of Opuntia ammophila

Fruiting joint of Opuntia ammophila . .

Flower of Opuntia argentina

Potted plant of Opuntia chaffeyi

Plant of Opuntia chaffeyi

page.

202

Fig. 277

202

278

202

279

203

280

204

281

204

282

204

283

205

284

205

285

206

286

206

287

207

288

207

289

208

290

208

291

209

292

209

293

209

294

210

295

210

296

210

297

211

298

211

299

211

300

212

301

212

302

213

Small joint of Nopalea gaumeri 216

Elongated joint of Nopalea gaumeri ... 216

Plant of Opuntia depauperata 216

Joint of Opuntia depauperata 217

Plant of Opuntia pestifer 217

Plant of Opuntia discolor 218

Joints of Opuntia pestifer 218

Joint of Opuntia discolor 218

Joint of Opuntia guatemalensis 219

Joint of Opuntia pennellii 219

Joints of Opuntia caracasana 219

Plant of Opuntia aequatorialis 220

Joints of Opuntia aequatorialis 220

Joints of Opuntia lata 220

Fruits of Opuntia lata 220

Joint with flower of Opuntia macateei . 220

Joint of Opuntia macateei 220

Plants of Opuntia soederstromiana. . . . 220

Plants of Opuntia zebrina 220

Fruit of Opuntia zebrina 222

Plants of Opuntia keyensis 223

Section of flower of Opuntia keyensis . 223

Flower of Opuntia keyensis 223

Joint of Opuntia bonplandii 224

Plant of Opuntia dobbieana 224

Plant of Opuntia dobbieana (without legend) 225

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