Lobivia pentlandii Hooker

Echinocactus pentlandii Hooker in Curtis's Bot. Mag. 70: pl. 4124. 1844.

Echinopsis pentlandii Salm-Dyck in Dietrich, Allg. Gartenz. 14: 250. 1846.

Echinopsis maximiliana Heyder in Dietrich, Allg. Gartenz. 14: 250. 1846.

Echinopsis tricolor Dietrich, Allg. Gartenz. 16: 210. 1848.

Echinopsis pentlandii coccinea Salm-Dyck, Cact. Hort. Dyck. 1849. 38. 1850.

Echinopsis scheeri Salm-Dyck, Cact. Hort. Dyck. 1849. 179. 1850.

Echinopsis pentlandii laevior Monville in Labouret, Monogr. Cact. 290. 1853.

Echinopsis pentlandii scheeri Lemaire, Illustr. Hort. 6: with pl. 254. 1859.

Echinopsis pentlandii gracilispina Lemaire, Illustr. Hort. 6: with pl. 214. 1859.

Echinopsis pentlandii pyracantha Lemaire, Illustr. Hort. 6: with pl. 214. 1859.

Echinopsis pentlandii radians Lemaire, Illustr. Hort. 6: with pl. 254. 1859.

Echinopsis colmarii Neubert, Gartenmag. 1878.*

Echinopsis pentlandii tricolor Rümpler in Förster, Handb. Cact. ed. 2. 612. 1885.

Echinopsis pentlandii longispina Rümpler in Förster, Handb. Cact. ed. 2. 612. 1885.

Echinopsis pentlandii neuberti Rümpler in Förster, Handb. Cact. ed. 2. 613. 1885.

Echinopsis pentlandii pfersdorffii Rümpler in Förster, Handb. Cact. ed. 2. 613. 1885.

Echinopsis pentlandii cavendishii Rümpler in Förster, Handb. Cact. ed. 2. 614. 1885.

Echinocereus pentlandii Schumann in Engler and Prantl, Pflanzenfam. 36a, 8. 1894.

Echinopsis pentlandii maximiliana Schumann, Gesamtb. Kakteen 229. 1897.

Echinopsis pentlandii elegans Hildmann in Schumann, Gesamtb. Kakteen 230. 1897.

Echinopsis pentlandii ochroleuca R. Meyer in Schumann, Gesamtb. Kakteen 230. 1897.

Echinopsis pentlandii vitellina Hildmann in Schumann, Gesamtb. Kakteen 230. 1897.

Echinopsis pentlandii forbesii R. Meyer, Monatsschr. Kakteenk. 7: 155. 1897.

Echinopsis cinnabarina scheeriana R. Meyer, Monatsschr. Kakteenk. 7: 164. 1897.

Echinopsis cavendishii Hortus, Monatsschr. Kakteenk. 20: 143. 1910.

Stems simple, higher than broad, somewhat umbilicate at apex, bright green or somewhat glaucous; ribs about 12, deeply crenate, rather high, broken into long acute tubercles, separated by acute intervals; spines 5 to 8, all radial, acicular, somewhat curved backward, yellowish brown, 3 cm. long or less; flowers short-funnelform, about 4 cm. long, the tube greenish; inner perianth-segments

*This name and reference is taken from Schumann's monograph (Gesamtb. Kakteen 229). Schumann doubtless had in mind Deutsches Magazin für Garten und Blumenkunde 1878, but he gives no page nor do we find the name in this book. On pages 114 to I 18 there is a short article on "Ein unbekannter (?) Cactus," with a colored illustration, but without legend. This illustration is reproduced by Rümpler (Förster, Handb. Gartenz. 879. 1861) under the name of Echinopsis colmarii.

rose-colored, narrowly obovate, abruptly acute, spreading; stamens and style much shorter than the inner perianth-segments; scales on ovary and flower-tube lanceolate, short-hairy in their axils; fruit subglobose, 10 to 12 mm. in diameter.

Type locality: Not cited.

Distribution: Bolivia.

We have followed Schumann who refers Echinopsis colmarii here. Rümpler (Förster, Handb. Cact. ed. 2. 615. 1885), however, says it comes from Mexico, which would exclude it from this alliance. Rümpler's illustrations (f. 79, 80) do not suggest this relationship, the latter resembling very much the flower of an Echinocactus. Echinopsis colmariensis (Schumann, Gesamtb. Kakteen 230. 1897) is a catalogue name for E. colmarii.

We have also followed Schumann in referring here E. scheeri, although it was originally described as having 13 to 19 ribs. Rümpler's illustration (f. 78) has long, linear perianth-segments and looks very unlike Lobivia pentlandii, though the plant body is very similar. E. scheeriana (Monatsschr. Kakteenk. 3: 127. 1893) is only a name and belongs here.

Fig. 71.—Lobivia pentlandii. Fig. 72.—Lobivia andalgalensis.

E. pentlandii integra (Monatsschr. Kakteenk. 7: 139. 1897), E. pentlandii achatina (Monatsschr. Kakteenk. 14: 168. 1904), E. columnaris, E. elegans vittata, E. ochroleuca, E. pfersdorffii, and E. achatina (all in Monatsschr. Kakteenk. 20: 143. 1910) are unpublished names which probably belong here. E. maximiliana longispina (Monatsschr. Kakteenk. 20: 143. 1910) is of this relationship. E. pentlandii cristata (Monatsschr. Kakteenk. Index 58) is doubtless a crested form. E. pentlandii pyrantha Monville (Labouret, Monogr. Cact. 289. 1853) doubtless should be referred here as we have done.

Echinopsis pentlandii albiflora Weidlich (Gartenflora 69: 143. f. 17. 1920) has recently been briefly described as having white flowers, cm. long and 4 cm. broad. We do not know it nor do we know its origin.

Illustrations: Curtis's Bot. Mag. 70: pl. 4124; Loudon, Encycl. Pl. ed. 3. 1376. f. 19367, as Echinocactus pentlandii; Blühende Kakteen 1: pl. 26; Dict. Hort. Bois f. 324; Monatsschr. Kakteenk. 13: 92. f. B; Palmer, Cult. Cact. 3; Rümpler, Sukkulenten 167. f. 91; Deutsche Gärt. Zeit. 5: 369; Möllers Deutsche Gärt. Zeit. 25: 475. f. 7, No. 1; Watson, Cact. Cult. 134. f. 52, as Echinopsis pentlandii; Förster, Handb. Cact. ed. 2. f. 78; Rümpler, Sukkulenten 166. f. 90, as Echinopsis scheeri; Förster, Handb. Cact. ed. 2. f. 79, 80, as Echinopsis colmarii; Lemaire, Cactées 70. f. 7; Rev. Hort. i860: f. 10; Dict. Gard. Nicholson 1: 503. f. 698; Watson, Cact. Cult. 135. f. 53, as Echinopsis pentlandii longispina; (?) Lemaire, Cactées 70. f. 8; (?) Dict. Gard. Nicholson 1: 503. f. 699; Rev. Hort. i860: f. 111, as Echinopsis pentlandii scheeri; Möllers Deutsche Gärt. Zeit. 25: 475. f. 7, No. 13, as Echinopsis cinnabarina; Rev. Hort. i860: f. 110, as Echinopsis pentlandii maximiliana; Rev. Hort. i860: f. 108, as Echinopsis pentlandii levior scheeri; Möllers Deutsche Gärt. Zeit. 25: 475. f. 7, No. 24, as Echinopsis pentlandi colmari.

Plate v, figure 3, shows a plant sent to the New York Botanical Garden from the Berlin Botanical Garden in 1902, which flowered in May 1913. Figure 71 is copied from the Botanical Magazine illustration above cited.

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