Lobivia cinnabarina Hooker

Echinocactus cinnabarinus Hooker in Curtis's Bot. Mag. 73: pl. 4326. 1847.

Echinocactus cinnabarinus spinosior Salm-Dyck, Cact. Hort. Dyck. 1849. 35, 176. 1850.

Echinopsis cinnabarina Labouret, Monogr. Cact. 288. 1853.

Echinopsis chereauniana Schlumberger, Rev. Hort. IV. 5: 402. 1856.

Echinopsis cinnabarina spinosior Rümpler in Förster, Handb. Cact. ed. 2. 618. 5885.

Echinocereus cinnabarinus Schumann in Engler and Prantl, Pflanzenfam. 3: 185. 1894.

Stems simple, broader than high, usually depressed and unarmed at apex, bright green; ribs about 20, irregular and oblique, divided into acute tubercles; radial spines 8 to 10, all more or less curved backward, slender, grayish; central spines 2 or 3, somewhat curved; flowers from near top of the plant, rotate-campanulate, scarlet, about 4 cm. broad; inner perianth-segments broad, obtuse, spreading, the outer ones greenish; stamens and style much shorter than the perianth-segments; scales on ovary and flower-tube lanceolate, acute, hairy in their axils.

Type locality: Bolivia.

Distribution: In the higher Andes of Bolivia.

This species was collected first by Bridges in 1846 and sent to the Royal Gardens, Kew, where it flowered and was illustrated in Curtis's Botanical Magazine; the flowers are described as opening in the morning and closing the second day after.

Echinopsis cinnabarina cheroniana (Monatsschr. Kakteenk. 14: 168. 1904) and var. cristata (Monatsschr. Kakteenk. 17: 74. 1907) are mere garden names. Here Weber refers Echinocactus chereaunianus Cels (Dict. Hort. Bois 471. 1896) as does also Schumann.

Illustrations: Blühende Kakteen 1: pl. 2; Schumann, Gesamtb. Kakteen f. 44; Möllers Deutsche Gärt. Zeit. 25: 475. f. 7, No. 13, as Echinopsis cinnabarina; Curtis's Bot. Mag. 73: pl. 4326; Loudon, Encycl. Pl. ed. 3. 1377. f. 19373, as Echinocactus cinnabarinus.

Plate iv, figure 2, shows a plant obtained in 1901 for the New York Botanical Garden from M. Simon, St. Ouen, Paris, which flowered in June 1912.

Continue reading here: Lobivia pentlandii Hooker

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