Cactus Family

The cactaceae

Gymnocalycium Kurtzianum

Type species Echinocactus erectocentrus Coulter. The species which we have referred to this genus resemble in size, form, and habit the species of Coryphantha much more than they do the species of Echinocactus or Ferocactus. This resemblance is strengthened by definite tubercles on the ribs. Schumann referred them all to Thelocactus, his very complex subgenus of Echinocactus. The generic name is from exivog hedgehog, and mactcog breast, referring to the spiny tubercles of the plant. We...

Hamatocactus setispinus Engelmann

Echinocactus setispinus Engelmann, Bost. Journ. Nat. Hist. 5 246. 1845. Echinocactus muehlenpfordtii Fennel, Allg. Gartenz. 15 65. 1847. Echinocactus hamatus M hlenpfordt, Allg. Gartenz. 6 8. 1848. Not Forbes, 1837. Echinocactus setispinus hamatus Engelmann, Bost. Journ. Nat. Hist. 6 201. 1850. Echinocactus setispinus setaceus Engelmann, Bost. Journ. Nat. Hist. 6 201. 1850. Echinocactus setispinus cachetianus Labouret, Monogr. Cact. 203. 1853. Echinocactus hamulosus Regel, Ind. Sem. Hort....

Key to Speciescontinued

Stems globular or thicker than long or sometimes clavate, never slender. Flowers red. Flower-tube distinctly enlarged above, its scales distant, large 6. E. multiplex Flower-tube slender, nearly cylindric, its scales numerous, small 7. E. oxygona Inner perianth-segments acuminate. Spines very short or none. Areoles with several spines, 4 to 7 mm. long 9. E. turbinata Spines subulate, 10 to 12 mm. E. tubiflora Inner perianth-segments not acuminate. Inner perianth-segments E. silvestrii Plant...

Echinopsis shaferi sp nov

Simple, erect, cylindric, up to 1.5 meters high, 16 to 18 cm. in diameter, dark green ribs 10 to 12, 2 cm. high, separated by acute intervals areoles approximate, I cm. apart or less radial spines straight, at first brownish, but Flc. 87. Fruit of gray in age, slender, subulate, 6 to 9, 1.5 to 3.5 cm. long, somewhat spreading Echinopsis shaferi. central spine solitary, 10 cm. long or less, ascending, somewhat curved, the upper ones more or less connivent over the top of the plant flower...

Neoporteria nigricans Linke

Gartenz. 25 239. 1857. Echinocactus nigricans Dietrich in Schumann, Gesamtb. Kakteen 420. 1898. Simple, short-cylindric, somewhat narrow at base ribs 55, strongly tuberculate, glaucous-green, compressed radial spines 8 or 9, somewhat curved, 7 mm. long central spines 1 or 2, 1.2 cm. long flowers 4.5 to 5 cm. long, white or yellowish green inner perianth-segments spreading, somewhat toothed above, acute stigma-lobes reddish or purplish scales on ovary and...

Ferocactus melocactiformis De Candolle

Echinocactus melocactiformis De Candolle, Prodr. 3 462. 1828. Echinocactus histrix De Candolle, Mem. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris 17 115. 1828. Echinocactus coulteri G. Don, Gen. Syst. 3 162. 1834. Echinocactus oxypterus Zuccarini in Pfeiffer, Enum. Cact. 57. 1837. Echinocactus electracanthus Lemaire, Cact. Aliq. Nov. 24. 1838. Echinocactus lancifer Reichenbach in Terscheck, Cact. Suppl. 2. Echinofossulocactus oxypterus Lawrence in Loudon, Gard. Mag. 17 318. 1841. Echinocactus electracanthus capuliger...

Ferocactus rostii sp nov

Sometimes growing in clumps of 8 to 10 heads but usually slender- cylindric, up to 3 meters high ribs 16 to 22, rather low (hardly 1 cm. high), obtuse, somewhat tubercled areoles large, white-felted, approximate spine-clusters closely set, the spines interlocking and almost hiding the body of the plant radial bristles sometimes wanting but when present 2 to 8, white or yellowish spines about 12, sometimes fewer, 3 or 4 central, those on the lower part of the plant more or less spreading, those...

Lobivia pentlandii Hooker

Gartenflora 1893

Echinocactus pentlandii Hooker in Curtis's Bot. Mag. 70 pl. 4124. 1844. Echinopsis pentlandii Salm-Dyck in Dietrich, Allg. Gartenz. 14 250. 1846. Echinopsis maximiliana Heyder in Dietrich, Allg. Gartenz. 14 250. 1846. Echinopsis tricolor Dietrich, Allg. Gartenz. 16 210. 1848. Echinopsis pentlandii coccinea Salm-Dyck, Cact. Hort. Dyck. 1849. 38. 1850. Echinopsis scheeri Salm-Dyck, Cact. Hort. Dyck. 1849. 179. 1850. Echinopsis pentlandii laevior Monville in Labouret, Monogr. Cact. 290. 1853....

Illustrations

Plant of Ferocactus wislizeni near Pima Canyon, Plate 2. (1) Top of flowering plant of Echinocereus coccineus. (2) Flower of same. (3) Flowering plant of Echinocereus chloranthus. (4) Flowering plant of Echinocereus viridiflorus. (5) Flowering Plate 3. (1) Top of flowering plant of Echinocereus pentalophus. (2) Flowering plant of Echinocereus fitchii. (3) Top of flowering plant of Echinocereus grandis. (4) Flowering plant of Echinocereus blanckii 22 Plate 4. (1) Top of flowering plant...

Ferocactus nobilis Linnaeus

Cactus nobilis Linnaeus, Mantissa 243. 1767. Cactus recurvus Miller, Dict. Gard. ed. 8. No. 3. 1768. Echinocactus recurvus Link and Otto, Verh. Var. Bef rd. Gartenb. 3 426. 1827. Melocactus recurvus Link and Otto, Verh. Var. Bef rd. Gartenb. 3 pl. 20. 1827. Echinocactus spiralis Karwinsky in Pfeiffer, Enum. Cact. 60. 1837. Echinocactus curvicornis Miquel, Linnaea 12 5. 1838. Echinocactus stellatus Scheidweiler, Allg. Gartenz. 8 338. 1840. Cereus recurvus Steudel, Nom. ed. 2. 1 335. 1840....

Key to Species

Family Cactus

Tubercles not grooved on upper side Tubercles grooved on upper side. Plants small, 3 to 5 cm. broad . Plants large, 10 to 15 cm. broad 1. Ariocarpus retusus Scheidweiler, Bull. Acad. Sci. Brux. 5 492. 1838. Anhalonium prismaticum Lemaire, Cact. Gen. Nov. Sp. 1. 1839. Anhalonium retusum Salm-Dyck, Cact. Hort. Dyck. 1844. 15. 1845. Anhalonium elongatum Salm-Dyck, Cact. Hort. Dyck. 1849. 77. 1850. Anhalonium areolosum Lemaire, Illustr. Hort. 6 Misc. 35. 1859. Anhalonium pulvilligerum Lemaire,...

Malacocarpus Courantii

Plants globular to columnar flowers 4 to 6 cm. long 1. A. myriostigma Plants much depressed flowers 3 cm. A. asterias Spines flat, ribbon-like, hardly A. capricorne 1. Astrophytum myriostigma Lemaire, Cact. Gen. Nov. Sp. 4. 1839. Cereus callicoche Galeotti in Scheidweiler, Bull. Acad. Sci. Brux. 61 88. 1839. Echinocactus myriostigma Salm-Dyck, Cact. Hort. Dyck. 1844. 22. 1845. Astrophytum prismaticum Lemaire, Cact es 50. 1868. Echinocactus myriostigma columnaris Schumann, Gesamtb. Kakteen 321....

Echinofossulocactus lancifer Dietrich

Echinofossulocactus Phyllacanthus

Echinocactus lancifer Dietrich, Allg. Gartenz. 7 134. 1839. Echinocactus dietrichii Heynhold, Nom. 2 92. 1846. Nearly ovoid, somewhat depressed at apex ribs numerous, strongly compressed, undulate areoles few to each rib, when young tomentose spines 8, white or brownish at apex some of them broad and flat flowers rather large, rose-colored flower-tube described as long perianth-segments linear-oblong, widely spreading. Pfeiffer in 1837 attempted to identify Echinocactus obvallatus with certain...

Lobivia andalgalensis Weber

Cereus huascha rubriflorus Weber in Schumann, Monatsschr. Kakteenk. 3 151. 1893. Cereus andalgalensis Weber in Schumann, Gesamtb. Kakteen 168. 1897. Plants single or clustered, globular or a little flattened, 3 to 10 cm. in diameter, green ribs about 13, stout, hardly crenate areoles 5 to 10 mm. apart, circular spines white, subulate, straight radial spines 8 to 10, about equal, 5 to 7 mm. long central spine solitary, stouter than the radials, 10 to 25 mm. long, porrect flowers fugacious,...

Ferocactus covillei sp nov

Ferocactus Emoryi Subs Covillei

Plant simple, globular to short-cylindric, often 1.5 meters high ribs 22 to 32, 2 to 4 cm. high, rather thin, when young more or less tubercled, but when old hardly undulate areoles on small plants distant, often 3 to 4 cm. apart, but on old and flowering plants approximate or contiguous, densely brown-felted when young, naked in age, the spine-bearing areoles large and circular the flowering areoles more elongated and complex, divided into three parts, the lower part bearing spines, the...

Denmoza gen nov

Plant cylindric, often elongated, the numerous, parallel straight ribs slightly undulate spines in clusters at the areoles flowers arising from the top of the plant, zygomorphic, scarlet, with a slender throat and very narrow limb tube proper very short, its mouth closed with a mass of white wool inner surface of the elongated throat covered with stamens filaments and style long-exserted ovary and tube bearing numerous scales, their axils filled with silky hairs fruit globular, dry, splitting...

Subtribe 3 Echinocereanae

Cespitose Cactus Illustration

Mostly low, simple or cespitose, terrestrial cacti, the stems 1-jointed or rarely few-jointed, ribbed areoles borne on the ribs and spiniferous or rarely spineless flowers always solitary at lateral* areoles, funnelform to campanulate perianth-segments few to many fruit smooth or spiny, with few exceptions fleshy and indehiscent or splitting on one side seeds mostly black. We recognize 6 genera, all South American except Echinocereus. This subtribe, while somewhat uniform in its low, usually...

R6the cactaceae

Echinocereus subinermis Salm-Dyck in Seemann, Bot. Herald 291. 1856. Cereus subinermis Hemsley, Biol. Contr. Amer. Bot. 1 546. 1880. At first simple, 10 to 12 cm. high, afterwards a little branching at base, when young pale green, afterwards bluish and finally darker green, erect ribs 5 to 8, broad, somewhat sinuate spines all radial, small, conic, 1 to 2 mm. long, yellow, 3 or 4, deciduous flowers large, 5 to 7 cm. long, yellow perianth-segments oblanceolate, acute spines of areoles on...

Ferocactus horridus sp nov

Globular, 3 dm. in diameter or more ribs 13, broad, 2 cm. high, obtuse, not tubercled areoles 1.5 to 2.5 cm. apart, large radial spines 8 to 12, acicular, spreading, white, 3 to 4 cm. long central spines 6 to 8, very diverse, all reddish, either spreading or porrect, all straight except 1, this much elongated, often 12 cm. long, much flattened, very strongly hooked flowers and fruit unknown. Collected by J. N. Rose on San Francisquito Bay, Lower California, April 9, 1911 (No. 16746). Only very...

Copiapoa cinerascens Salm Dyck

Echinocactus cinerascens Salm-Dyck, Allg. Gartenz. 13 387. 1845. Echinocactus copiapensis Pfeiffer, Abbild. Beschr. Cact. 2 under pl. 14. 1847. Echinocactus conglomeratus Philippi, Fl. Atac. 23. i860. Echinocactus ambiguus Hildmann in Schumann, Gesamtb. Kakteen 311. 1898. Globose, about 8 cm. in diameter, green, the apex covered with gray wool ribs 20 or 21, somewhat compressed areoles 6 to 20 mm. apart radial spines 8, usually 10 to 12 mm. long central spines 1 or 2, 18 to 25 mm. long, stouter...

Copiapoa megarhiza sp nov

Plants with large fleshy roots, sometimes 25 cm. long and 7 to 8 cm. in diameter, usually single, rarely in 2's and 3's, globular to elongate-cylindric, 8 to 26 cm. long, 4 to 9 cm. in diameter, dull green to almost white ribs usually 13, very low crown of plant covered with long white wool at flowering time spines about 12, 1.5 cm. long, rather stout, at first yellow but soon gray flowers yellow, 2.5 cm. long fruit green, 6 to 8 mm. long, naked, crowned by green scales seeds black, 2 mm. long....

Rebutia steinmannii Solms Laubach

Echinocactus steinmannii Solms-Laubach, Bot. Zeit. 651 133. 1907. Small oblong plants about 2 cm. high 1 to 1.5 cm. in diameter ribs low, often spiraled, tubercled spines acicular, about 8 flowers from the side of the plant, erect, campanulate outer perianth-segments oblong, apiculate inner perianth-segments rounded. Type locality High mountains of Bolivia. Distribution Known only from the type locality. This very strange plant is unknown to us except from the description and illustrations, but...

Echinofossulocactus violaciflorus Quehl

Echinocactus violaciflorus Quehl, Monatsschr. Kakteenk. 22 102. 1912. Simple, at first globose, but becoming columnar, 8 to 10 cm. in diameter ribs about 35, thin, deeply crenate spines about 7, the 4 or lower ones 7 to 12 mm. long, appressed or incurved, white, subulate, the upper spines flattened, 3 to 6 cm. long, ascending and the uppermost ones connivent over the top of the plant flowers 2 to 2.5 cm. long perianth-segments narrow, acuminate, white with a violet or purplish stripe down the...

Echinofossulocactus pentacanthus Lemaire

Echinocactus pentacanthus Lemaire, Cact. Aliq. Nov. 27. 1838. Echinocactus biceras Jacobi, Allg. Gartenz. 16 370. 1848. Echinocactus anfractuosuspentacanthus Salm-Dyck, Cact. Hort. Dyck. 1849.31. 1850. Simple, depressed- globose to short-cylindric, more or less glaucous ribs about 25, perhaps even 40 to 50 areoles only a few to the rib spines 5, unequal, grayish red, hardly angled, flattened 3 upper spines erect or spreading 2 lower spines much slenderer and shorter than the upper flowers large...

Echinofossulocactus confusus sp nov

Echinofossulocactus Gladiatus

Simple, pale green, stout, columnar to short-clavate, 6 to 15 cm. high, 6 to 8 cm. in diameter ribs 26 to 30, thin, low, wavy areoles 4 or 5 on each rib, 2 to 3 cm. apart spines all yellow, subulate radial spines 4 or 5, only slightly flattened, 7 to 10 mm. long central spine solitary, up to 4 cm. long, usually porrect flowers purplish, 4 cm. broad perianth-segments oblong, acute. Fig. 126. Echinofossulocactus gladiatus. Fig. 127. Echinofossulocactus confusus. Fig. 126. Echinofossulocactus...

Ferocactus diguetii Weber

Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris 4 100. 1898. Plants very stout, usually 1 to 2 meters, but sometimes 3 and 4 meters, high, 6 to 8 dm. in diameter or more ribs numerous, sometimes as many as 39, rather thin areoles large, 1 to 1.5 cm. long, somewhat elliptic, approximate or on old plants coalescent spines 6 to 8, yellow, subulate, 3 to 4 cm. long, slightly curved and a little spreading flowers numerous, 3 to 3.5 cm. long scales on ovary and flower-tube ovate, closely...

Ferocactus glaucescens De Candolle

Echinocactus glaucescens De Candolle, Mem. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris 17 115. 1828. Echinocactuspfeifferi Zuccarini in Pfeiffer, Enum. Cact. 58. 1837. Echinofossulocactuspfeifferi Lawrence in Loudon, Gard. Mag. 17 318. 1841. Globular, 2 to 4 dm. in diameter, or a little higher than broad, glaucous ribs is to 15, somewhat flattened, acute, 2 to 3 cm. high areoles 8 to 52 mm. apart, oblong, 52 to 20 cm. long, yellowish, tomentose when young radial spines 6, nearly equal, rigid, only slightly...

Neoporteria gen nov

Plants globose to cylindric, sometimes much elongated and then sprawling or pendent over cliffs more or less hairy at the crown ribs usually straight, more or less tubercled flowers from the center of the plant, short-funnelform, usually pinkish or reddish stigma-lobes cream-colored to reddish scales on the flower-tube bearing wool and long bristles in their axils fruit as far as known small, more or less globular, dehiscing by a basal pore seeds brown, somewhat wrinkled, tuberculate with a...

Key to Genera

Flower-tube bent stamens Denmoza (p. 78) AA. Flower-tube straight, usually with a broad throat stamens included. B. Ovary and fruit naked. (See Copiapoa.) Plants spineless, except seedlings. Tubercles prominent, cartilaginous, flattened, more or less imbricated 2. Ariocarpus (p. 80) Tubercles low, rounded Lophophora (p. 83) Fruit crowned by sepal-like Copiapoa (p. 85) Fruit fleshy, indehiscent 7. Epithelantha (p. 92) C. Flowers funnelform, often with a slender tube. Axils of flower-scales...

Ferocactus gen nov

Globular to cylindric, often large cacti ribs thick and prominent spines well developed, either straight or hooked areoles usually large, bearing flowers only when young and then only just above the spine-clusters, more or less felted when young flowers usually large, broadly funnel-shaped to campanulate, usually with a very short tube stamens numerous, borne on the throat, short ovary and flower-tube very scaly scales naked in their axils fruit oblong, usually thick-walled and dry, dehiscing...

Ferocactus lecontei Engelmann

Echinocactus lecontei Engelmann, Proc. Amer. Acad. 3 274. 1856. Echinocactus wislizeni lecontei Engelmann in Rothrock, Rep. U. S. Geogr. Surv. 6 128. 1878. Becoming cylindric, 2 meters high or more, rather slender ribs numerous, 20 to 30, somewhat undulate areoles longer than broad some of the radial spines thread-like or bristly the other radials and the central spines flattened and flexible, usually appressed against the plant, most of them ascending, rarely if ever hooked, white to red...

Ferocactus acanthodes Lemaire

Echinocactus acanthodes Lemaire, Cact. Gen. Nov. Sp. 106. 1839. Echinocactus viridescens cylindraceus Engelmann, Amer. Journ. Sci. II. 14 338. 1852. Echinocactus cylindraceus Engelmann, Proc. Amer. Acad. 3 275. 1856. At first globular but in age cylindric, sometimes nearly 3 meters high, very spiny ribs numerous, often as many as 27, acute, 1 to 2 cm. high areoles large, 1 cm. in diameter or more, densely brown-felted when young, closely set, often nearly contiguous spines often white or...

Ferocactus uncinatus Galeotti

Echinocactus uncinatus Galeotti in Pfeiffer, Abbild. Beschr. Cact. 2 pl. 18. 1848. Echinocactus ancylacanthus Monville in Labouret, Monogr. Cact. 201. 1853. Echinocactus uncinatus wrightii Engelmann, Proc. Amer. Acad. 3 272. 1856. Echinocactus wrightii Coulter, Cycl. Amer. Hort. Bailey 2 513. 1900. Plant short-cylindric, 10 to 20 cm. high, bluish, slightly glaucous, with spindle-shaped roots ribs usually 13, straight, strongly tubercled, undulate flowering areoles narrow, extending from the...

Lobivia grandis sp nov

Depressed-globose to short-cylindric, 2.5 dm. high, bright green ribs 14 to 16, prominent, 2 cm. high, broad at base, rounded on margin areoles somewhat depressed, circular, 2 to 3 cm. apart, white-felted when young spines 10 to 15, yellow with brown tips, acicular to slender-subulate, elongated, 6 to 8 cm. long flowers lateral, straight, 6 cm. long, with a stout funnelform tube 2 cm. thick and a rather small limb inner perianth-segments ovate, acuminate, subulate-tipped, 1.5 Fig. 75. Flower of...

Hamatocactus gen nov

Globose to short-cylindric, of flabby texture like an Echinocereus, distinctly ribbed, the ribs more or less spiraled areoles circular spines radial and central, one of them usually hooked flower-bud pointed, covered with imbricating scales flower-tube narrow, funnelform limb broad scales on the ovary few, fugacious, small, naked in their axils fruit small, globular, red, dehiscing by a basal pore seeds black, tuberculate hilum large, basal, circular embryo straight cotyledons short and thick....

Neoporteria fusca Mhlenpfordt

Echinocactus fuscus M hlenpfordt, Allg. Gartenz. 16 10. 1848. Echinocactus ebenacanthus Monville in Labouret, Monogr. Cact. 253. 1853. Echinocactus humilis R mpler in F rster, Handb. Cact. ed. 2. 471. 1885. Globular to short-cylindric, about 10 cm. in diameter ribs 12 or 13, dark green, somewhat tubercled radial spines 5 to 7, more or less ascending, brownish central spines 4, black when young, 3 cm. long flowers 3 cm. long, described as yellow, certainly very pale and nearly white scales on...

Echinopsis bridgesii Salm Dyck Cact Hort Dyck 1849 181 1850

Hort. 180. 1847. Not Link and Otto, 1827. Echinopsis salmiana Weber, Dict. Hort. Bois 472. 1896. Cereus salmianus Cels in Weber, Dict. Hort. Bois 472. 1896, as synonym. Echinopsis salmiana bridgesii Schumann, Gesamtb. Kakteen 237. 1897. Plants usually in clumps of 3 to 6, low, 1 dm. in diameter or more ribs 10 to 12, high, not undulate areoles large, filled with spines and short brown wool spines about 10, brown when young, unequal flowers 15 to 18 cm. long,...

Ferocactus flavovirens Scheidweiler

Echinocactus flavovirens Scheidweiler, Allg. Gartenz. 9 50. 1841. Plant cespitose, forming great masses, pale green, 3 to 4 dm. high stems 1 to 2 dm. in diameter ribs 13, rarely 11 or 12, 1 to 2 cm. high, acute, somewhat sinuate areoles 2 cm. apart, large, grayish, woolly spines pale brown, becoming gray in age, long and stout centrals , much longer than the radials, somewhat unequal, the longer ones 5 to 8 cm. long flowers and fruit not seen flower-buds globular, covered with long linear...

Echinofossulocactus arrigens Link

Echinocactus arrigens Link in Dietrich, Allg. Gartenz. 8 161. 1840. Echinocactus sphaerocephalus M hlenpfordt, Allg. Gartenz. 14 370. 1846. Echinocactus allardtianus Dietrich, Allg. Gartenz. 15 178. 1847. Echinocactus arrigens atropurpureus Salm-Dyck, Cact. Hort. Dyck. 1849. 31, 162. 1850. Plants simple, deep-seated in the soil, globular, 5 to 7 cm. in diameter, glaucescent, more or less depressed at the apex ribs 24, thin and wavy spines 8 to 11, yellow (according to Schumann) uppermost spine...

Echinofossulocactus tricuspidatus Scheidweiler

Echinocactus tricuspidatus Scheidweiler, Allg. Gartenz. 9 51. 1841. Echinocactus melmsianus Wegener, Allg. Gartenz. 12 6. 1844. Echinocactusphyllacanthus tricuspidatus F rster, Handb. Cact. 311. 1846. Globose to short-cylindric, 5 to 8 cm. broad ribs numerous, 30 to 55, thin, wavy areoles at first lanate, afterwards naked spines 5 (Schumann says 9 to 11), the upper one thin, compressed, sometimes 3-toothed at apex, 8 to 33 mm. long, reddish with a black tip the other 4 spines spreading, more or...

Arequipa leucotricha Philippi

Echinocactus leucotrichus Philippi, Anal. Mus. Nac. Chile 18912 27. 1891. Echinocactus clavatus S hrens, Monatsschr. Kakteenk. 10 27. 1900. Echinopsis hempeliana G rke, Monatsschr. Kakteenk. 16 94. 1906. Echinocactus rettigii Quehl, Monatsschr. Kakteenk. 29 129. 1919. Plants simple or cespitose, sometimes branching, globular or sometimes elongated (4 to 6 din. long) and then often prostrate, usually covered with spines but naked below when very old ribs 10 to 20, closely set, low areoles close...

Chamaecereus silvestrii Spegazzini

Mus. Nac. Buenos Aires 111. 4 483. 1905. Joints usually prostrate, sometimes 4 to 6 cm. high, pale green ribs about 6 to 9, but usually 8, low spines soft, white flowers orange-scarlet, about 7 cm. long, the axils of the scales bearing long black and white hairs and a few bristles flower-tube narrow, 2.5 to 3 cm. long perianth-segments in 3 or 4 series, spreading, 1 to 2 cm. long, 4 mm. broad, lanceolate, the outer ones acute, the inner shorter and obtuse...

Echinofossulocactus coptonogonus Lemaire Lawrence in Loudon Gard Mag 17 317 1841

Echinocactus coptonogonus Lemaire, Cact. Aliq. Nov. 23. 1838. Echinocactus coptonogonus major Lemaire, Cact. Gen. Nov. Sp. 87. 1839. Echinofossulocactus coptonogonus major Lawrence in Loudon, Gard. Mag. 17 317. 1841. Simple or perhaps cespitose, globular or a little depressed, 7 to 10 cm. high, glaucous-green ribs stout, 1.5 cm. high, 10 to 14, acute areoles about 2 cm. apart, when young abundantly floc-cose, but in age naked spines 3 to 5, stout, a little incurved, the longest 3 cm. long,...

Copiapoa marginata Salm Dyck

Echinocactus marginatus Salm-Dyck, Allg. Gartenz. 13 386. 1845. Echinocactus columnaris Pfeiffer, Abbild. Beschr. Cact. 2 under pl. 14. 1847. Echinocactus streptocaulon Hooker in Curtis's Bot. Mag. 77 pl. 4562. 1851. Echinocactus melanochnus Cels in Labouret, Monogr. Cact. 174. 1853. M. E. Eaton del. 1. Flowering plant of Echinopsis aurea. a.Hon& c,,. 2. Flowering plant of Copiapoa coquimbana. 3. Flowering plant of Lophophora williamsii. Plants subcylindric, growing in clusters of 2 to 9,...

Matucana haynei Otto

Echinocactus haynii Otto in Salm-Dyck, Cact. Hort. Dyck. 1849. 165. 1850. Cereus hayni Croucher, Garden 13 290. 1878. Stems generally single, usually globular but sometimes short-cylindric, normally 8 to 10 cm. in diameter but in cultivation sometimes 30 cm. high, densely covered and nearly concealed under the numerous spines ribs 25 or more, tuberculate areoles set closely together, with an abundance of wool when young, but without any when old spines numerous, long and weak, the stouter ones...

Lobivia ferox sp nov

Roots fibrous plants globular, dm. in diameter or more, almost hidden by the long upwardly curved spines ribs numerous, often as many as 29, deeply undulate and broken into thin, acute tubercles 2 to 3 cm. long spines light brown, sometimes mottled radial spines 10 to 12, slender, 4 to 6 cm. long, somewhat curved central spines 3 or 4, somewhat flattened in one vertical row, rather weak, curved upward, 10 to 15 cm. long flower-buds woolly flowers and fruit not seen. Collected on dry hills east...

Echinofossulocactus dichroacanthus Martius

Echinocactus dichroacanthus Martins in Pfeiffer, Enum. Cact. 62. 1837. Echinocactus dichroacanthus spinosior Monville in Labouret, Monogr. Cact. 213. 1853. Plant obovoid, dull green, 15 cm. high, 10 cm. in diameter, somewhat umbilicate at apex ribs 32, thin, acute, undulate, somewhat wavy areoles only a few on each rib, white-tomentose upper spines 3, erect, flattened, purplish radial spines 4 to 6, white flowers and fruit unknown. Schumann's description differs somewhat from the original, but...

Epithelantha Weber

Plant globular, very small, the surface divided into numerous tubercles arranged in spiraled rows, mostly hidden by the numerous small spines flowers very small, from near the center of the plant, arising from upper part of the spine-areole on the young tubercles outer perianth-segments 3 to 5 inner perianth-segments few, often only 5 stamens few, usually 10, included fruit small, clavate, red, few-seeded seeds black, shining, rather large, with a large depressed hilum. Type species Mammillaria...

OROYA gen nov

Plants solitary, depressed-globose, low-ribbed areoles elongated, narrow spines widely spreading flowers central, borne at the upper edge of the spine-areole, red to pink, short-funnelform tube-proper very short, naked stamens inserted on the throat of the flower, included scales on the ovary small, bearing small tufts of hair in their axils fruit short, clavate, glabrous. Type species Echinocactus peruvianus Schumann. The generic name is that of the village in Peru in which the type species is...

Lobivia gen nov

Plant globular to short-cylindric, either simple or in clusters, always ribbed, usually very spiny flowers so far as known diurnal, short-funnelform to campanulate, lateral from old areoles, in some from near the top, in others well down on the side of the plant, with a short, broad tube, red in typical species, but in others yellow or white scales on the ovary mostly bearing long hairs in their axils fruit small, globular. Type species Echinocactus pentlandii Hooker. The genus as here treated...

Echinopsis aurea sp nov

Plants solitary, small, globular to short-cylindric, 5 to 10 cm. high ribs 14 or 15, acute on the edge, separated by deep intervals areoles when young filled with short brown wool radial spines about 10, I cm. long central spines usually , much stouter than the radials, often flattened, 2 to 3 cm. long flowers from the side of the plant flower-tube slightly curved, funnelform, greenish white, its scales ovate-linear, 4 to 6 mm. long, pale green but reddish at base, their axils filled with black...

Subtribe 4 Echinocactanae

Plants usually low and small, but sometimes several meters tall and then of considerable size, simple or cespitose, terrestrial stems normally one-jointed but sometimes budding or cespitose or making other joints when injured ribs few to many, straight or spiral, usually spine-bearing flowers always solitary at areoles near the apex of the plant, usually from the nascent areoles fruit more or less scaly or naked, usually dry, in some cases a little fleshy and then somewhat edible, usually...

Copiapoa echinoides Lemaire

Echinocactus echinoides Lemaire in Salm-Dyck, Allg. Gartenz. 13 386. 1845. Echinocactus bridgesii Pfeiffer, Abbild. Beschr. Cact. 2 pl. 14. 1847. Echinocactus bolivianus Pfeiffer, Abbild. Beschr. Cact. 2 under pl. 14. 1847. Echinocactus salm-dyckianus Pfeiffer, Abbild. Beschr. Cact. 2 under pl. 14. 1847. Simple, globose, very woolly at apex ribs 8 to 13, straight, rounded, green radial spines 5 to 7, stout, straight or somewhat curved central spine solitary, porrect, 3 cm. long flowers pale...

Lobivia cinnabarina Hooker

Echinocactus cinnabarinus Hooker in Curtis's Bot. Mag. 73 pl. 4326. 1847. Echinocactus cinnabarinus spinosior Salm-Dyck, Cact. Hort. Dyck. 1849. 35, 176. 1850. Echinopsis cinnabarina Labouret, Monogr. Cact. 288. 1853. Echinopsis chereauniana Schlumberger, Rev. Hort. IV. 5 402. 1856. Echinopsis cinnabarina spinosior R mpler in F rster, Handb. Cact. ed. 2. 618. 5885. Echinocereus cinnabarinus Schumann in Engler and Prantl, Pflanzenfam. 3 185. 1894. Stems simple, broader than high, usually...

Ferocactus alamosanus Britton and Rose

Echinocactus alamosanus Britton and Rose, Contr. U. S. Nat. Herb. 16 239. 1913. Plants usually single, sometimes in clusters, somewhat flattened above, green, 30 cm. in diameter or more ribs about 20, narrow spines all yellow radials usually 8, 3 to 4 cm. long, more or less spreading central single, porrect or erect, somewhat flattened laterally, 6 cm. long and a little longer than the radials flower-buds covered with ovate, ciliate scales, these brownish except in the margin fruit unknown....

Neoporteria nidus Shrens

Echinocactus senilis Philippi, Gartenflora 35 485. 1886. Not Beaton, 1839. Echinocactus nidus S hrens in Schumann, Monatsschr. Kakteenk. 10 122. 1900. Simple, somewhat glaucous, short-cylindric, 8 cm. long, 5 to 6 cm. in diameter, the top covered by the slender ascending connivent spines ribs 16 to 18, obtuse, strongly tubercled areoles large, circular spines weak, numerous, sometimes 30 in a cluster, unequal, white, the longest 3 cm. long, bulbose at base flowers rather slender, 4 cm. long,...

Ferocactus johnsonii Parry

Echinocactus johnsonii Parry in Engelmann, Bot. Kings's Surv. 117. 1871. Echinocactus johnsonii octocentrus Coulter, Contr. U. S. Nat. Herb. 3 374. 1896. Simple, oblong, 10 to 20 cm. high, up to 11.5 cm. in diameter, often hidden under its mass of spines ribs 17 to 21, low, somewhat tuberculate spines reddish gray radial spines 10 to 14, spreading, 10 to 20 mm. long central spines 4 to 8, longer and stouter than the radials, somewhat curved, the upper ones connivent, 3.5 to 4 cm. long flowers...