Lemaireocereus chende Gosselin

Cereus chende Gosselin, Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris 11: 506. 1905.

Cereus del moralii J. A. Purpus, Monatsschr. Kakteenk. 19: 89. 1909.

Plant 5 to 7 meters high, with a short indefinite trunk, very much branched above, forming a large top; branches rather slender, ascending or erect; ribs 7 to 9, rather sharp; areoles on old branches 1.5 cm. apart, on young branches perhaps closer together; radial spines usually 5, the centrals when present a little longer than the radials, brown to bright yellow, in age grayish, acicular flowers small, about 3 to 4 cm. long including the ovary; fruit said to be deep red, very spiny.

Type locality: In the Cerro Colorado, near Tehuacan, Mexico.

Distribution: Puebla and Oaxaca, Mexico.

According to Roland-Gosselin, the Mexican name for this species is chende; according to J. A. Purpus, chente; and according to Dr. Rose, chinoa. Dr. Rose collected this species between Tehuacan and Esperanza in 1912 (No. 11429) arid Dr. C. A. Purpus sent a living plant to Washington in 1909 from San Luis, Oaxaca, Mexico. Dr. Purpus's plant has 7 acute ribs.

Illustrations: Bull. Soc. Acclim. France 52: f. 6, as Cereus chende; Monatsschr. Kakteenk. 19: 87, as Cereus del moralii; Contr. U. S. Nat. Herb. 12: pl. 68, as Lemaireocereus mixtecensis, in error.

Figure 133 is from a photograph taken by Dr. MacDougal near Tehuacan in 1906.

Fig. 133.—Lemaireocereus chende.
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