Illustrations

PLATES FACING

PAGE

Plate i. Group of plants of Cephalocereus macrocephalus on hillside near Tehuacan Frontispiece.

Plate 2. (1) Top of flowering stem of Cereus alacriportanus. (2) Top of stem of Cereus peruvianus. (3) Flower of Cereus peruvianus 6

Plate 3. (1) Top of stem of Cereus validus. (2) Top of flowering stem of Cereus validus (3) Top of flowering branch of Monvillea cavendishii. (4) Top of branch of M. cavendishii with fruit 22

Plate 4. (1) Flowering stem of Cephalocereus pentaedrophorus. (2) Top of stem of Cephalocereus gounellei.

(3) Top of stem of Cephalocereus bahamensis, with flower. (4) Fruit of Cephalocereus deeringii 32

Plate 5. A clump of plants of Cephalocereus deeringii on Lower Matecumbe Key, Florida 38

Plate 6. (1) Top of flowering stem of Cephalocereus arrabidae. (2) Top of flowering stem of Cephalocereus nobilis. (3) Top of flowering stem of Cephalocereus barbadensis 42

Plate 7. (1) Plants of Cephalocereus polygonus. (2) Large plant of Cephalocereus chrysacanthus 48

Plate 8. (1) Top of flowering stem of Cephalocereus brooksianus. (2) Top of stem of Cephalocereus Catingicola. (3) Top of stem of Cephalocereus phaeacanthus. (4) Flowering branch of

Leptocereus assurgens 56

Plate 9. A large plant of Stetsonia coryne in the desert of northern Argentina 64

Plate 10. A plant of Escontria chiotilla, near Tehuacan, Mexico 66

Plate ii. Top of flowering plant of Pachycereus chrysomallus 72

Plate 12. A mountain side along Tomellin Canyon, Mexico, covered with Pachycereus columna-trajani 76

Plate 13 (1) Top of flowering branch of Leptocereus arboreus. (2) Top of stem of Lemaireocereus griseus. (3)

Fruiting branch of Mediocactus coccineus 80

Plate 14. (1) Part of branch of Dendrocereus nudiflorus. (2) Flowering branch of Dendrocereus nudiflorus. (3)

Flowering branch of Nyctocereus guatemalensis 114

Plate 15. (1) Top of branch of Eulychnia iquiquensis. (2) Top of stem of Lemaireocereus dumortieri. (3) Part of flowering stem of Nyctocereus serpentinus 118

Plate 16. (1) Top of flowering branch of Acanthocereus pentagonus. (2) Top of flowering branch of

Acanthocereus subinermis. (3) Top of a fruiting branch of Acanthocereus subinermis 124

Plate 17. (1) End of flowering branch of Heliocereus elegantissimus. (2) End of flowering branch of Heliocereus speciosus. (3) A tip of a fruiting branch of Harrisia portoricensis 128

Plate 18. (1) Tip of a flowering branch of Harrisia eriophora. (2) Fruiting branch of Harrisia eriophora 148 Plate 19. (1) Top of flowering branch of Harrisia fragrans. (2) Top of fruiting joint of Harrisia fragrans. (3)

Fruiting branch of Harrisia martinii 150

Plate 20. (1) Part of fruiting branch of Harrisia gracilis. (2) Top of flowering branch of Harrisia martinii ...

Plate 21. (1) Flowering branch of Harrisia tortuosa. (2) Fruiting branch of Harrisia tortuosa 156

Plate 22. Top of flowering plant of Carnegiea gigantea 164

Plate 23. The giant cactus, Carnegiea gigantea, near Tucson, Arizona 166

Plate 24. (1) Top of flowering branch of Harrisia fernowi. (2) Flowering branch of Harrisia bonplandii. (3)

Top of branch of Binghamia melanostele 168

PLATE25. (1) Flowering branch of Rathhunia alamosensis. (2) Flowering branch of Rathbunia alamosensis.

(3) Top of flowering branch of Borzicactus acanthurus. (4) Top of stem of Arrojadoa rhodantha 170

Plate 26. (1) Myrtillocactus geometrizans, Tehuacan, Mexico. (2) Myrtillocactus schenckii, near Mitla,

Mexico 180

Plate 27. (1) End of fruiting branch of Arrojadoa rhodantha. (2) Top of plant of Cleistocactus baumannii. (3)

Flower on branch of Hylocereus stenopterus 184

Plate 28. Flower on end of branch of Hylocereus ocamponis 186

Plate 29. Flower on end of branch of Hylocereus monacanthus 188

Plate 30. Flower near end of branch of Hylocereus undatus 190

Plate 31. Flower on short branch of Hylocereus lemairei 192

Plate 32. (1) Fruit of Hylocereus undatus. (2) Flowering branch of Wilmattea minutiflora. (3) Longitudinal section of fruit of Selenicereus grandiflorus ^6

Plate 33. (1) Flowering branch of Selenicereus grandiflorus. (2) Tip of branch of Selenicereus grandiflorus. (3)

Fruit of Selenicereus grandiflorus 198

Plate 34. Flowering branch of Selenicereus urbanianus 200

Plate 35. Flower on branch of Selenicereus coniflorus 202

Plate 36. (1) Fruit of Hylocereus trigonus. (2) Flower of Selenicereus boeckmannii. (3) Fruit of Selenicereus boeckmannii 204

Plate 37. Flower of Mediocactus coccineus 212

Plate 38. (1) Fruiting branch of Selenicereus pteranthus. (2) Flowering branch of Selenicereus spinulosus. (3)

Flowering branch of Weberocereus panamensis 214

Plate 39. (1) Flowering branch of Weberocereus tunilla. (2) Flowering branch of Weberocereus biolleyi. (3)

Flowering branch of Werckleocereus tonduzii. (4) Flower of Werckleocereus glaber 216

Plate 40. (1) Flowering plant of Aporocactus leptophis. (2) Flowering plant of A. flagelliformis 218

THE CACTACEAE. TEXT-FIGURES.

Fig.

20 21 22

Plant of Cereus hexagonus in garden . .

Flower of Cereus hexagonus

Longitudinal section of flower of Cereus hexagonus

Fruit of Cereus hexagonus

Cultivated plants of Cereus hildmannianus

Cultivated plants of Cereus hildmannianus

Potted plant of Cereus validus

Potted plant of Cereus tetragonus

Plant of Cereus jamacaru

Hedge of Cereus stenogonus

Plant of Cereus dayamii

Cultivated specimen of Cereus argenti-

Fruit of Cereus peruvianus

Plant of Cereus pernambucensis

Potted plant of Cereus obtusus

Plant of Cereus aethiops

Fruiting branch of Cereus aethiops. . . .

Fruit of Cereus repandus

Plant of Cereus repandus

Plant of Monvillea cavendishii

Flower of Monvillea insularis

Potted plant, of Monvillea spegazzinii .

Flower of Monvillea diffusa

Potted plant of Cephalocereus senilis . . Potted plant of Cephalocereus purpureus Fruit of Cephalocereus fluminensis. . . . Flower of Cephalocereus purpureus . . . Cluster of spines of Cephalocereus pur-

pureus

Plants of Cephalocereus fluminensis. . . Thicket of Cephalocereus dybowskii. . . Plant of Cephalocereus pentaedrophorus Fruit of Cephalocereus pentaedrophorus Flower of Cephalocereus pentaedrophorus Top of plant of Cephalocereus polylophus Potted plant of Cephalocereus euphor-

bioides

Flower of Cephalocereus russelianus Fruit of Cephalocereus russelianus . . Plants of Cephalocereus russelianus . End of branch of Cephalocereus russeli-

Plant of Cephalocereus gounellei . . Flower of Cephalocereus zehntneri Potted plant of Cephalocereus leucostele Potted plant of Cephalocereus smith-

ianus

Flower of Cephalocereus leucostele . Fruit of Cephalocereus leucostele . . . Flower of Cephalocereus smithianus Fruit of Cephalocereus smithianus . . Plant of Cephalocereus bahamensis . Plant of Cephalocereus bahamensis . Flower of Cephalocereus deeringii . . Fruit of Cephalocereus deeringii. . . . Flower of Cephalocereus robinii

Fruit of Cephalocereus robinii

Plant of Cephalocereus robinii

Plant of Cephalocereus keyensis Flower of Cephalocereus keyensis . .

PAGE. 5

Fig. 57.

Fruit of Cephalocereus keyensis

pAGE. 40

5

58.

Flower of Cephalocereus monoclonos .

40

59.

Flower of Cephalocereus moritzianus. .

42

5

60.

Fruit of Cephalocereus moritzianus . . .

42

5

6I.

Plants of Cephalocereus moritzianus . .

42

62.

Fruit of Cephalocereus arrabidae

43

6

63.

Plant of Cephalocereus arrabidae

43

64.

Plant of Cephalocereus nobilis

45

6

65.

Potted plant of Cephalocereus barba-

7

densis

45

7

66.

Plant of Cephalocereus barbadensis . . .

46

8

67.

Plant of Cephalocereus millspaughii. . .

46

IO

68.

Fruit of Cephalocereus millspaughii . . .

46

11

69.

Flower of Cephalocereus royenii

Plant of Cephalocereus swartzii

46

70.

47

12

7I.

Plant of Cephalocereus maxonii

48

I3

72.

Plant of Cephalocereus piauhyensis . . .

48

I4

73.

Plant of Cephalocereus lanuginosus . . .

50

I6

74.

Plant of Cephalocereus royenii

50

I6

75.

Potted plant of Cephalocereus robustus

5I

I8

76.

Potted plant of Cephalocereus cometes

5I

I8

77.

Plant of Cephalocereus leucocephalus .

53

I8

78.

Plant of Cephalocereus tweedyanus . . .

54

22

80.

Plant of Cephalocereus tweedyanus . . .

54

22

Flower of Cephalocereus tweedyanus . .

55

23

8I.

Fruit of Cephalocereus tweedyanus . . .

55

24

82.

Plant of Cephalocereus colombianus . .

5

28

83.

Stem, flower, and flower bud of Cephalo-

28

cereus colombianus

56

29

84.

Plant of Cephalocereus brasiliensis . . . .

57

29

86.

Flower of Cephalocereus phaeacanthus Fruit of Cephalocereus phaeacanthus . .

57 57

29

87.

Plant of Espostoa lanata

6I

29

88.

Plant of Espostoa lanata

6I

30

89.

Flower of Espostoa lanata

6I

3I

90.

Fruit of Espostoa lanata

6I

3I

9I.

Potted plant of Espostoa lanata

62

3I

92.

Flower of Browningia candelaris

64

32

93.

Young fruit of Browningia candelaris.. .

64

94.

Plant of Browningia candelaris

64

33

95.

Flower of Stetsonia coryne

6

33

96.

Ends of branches of Stetsonia coryne . .

6

33

97.

Flower of Escontria chiotilla

66

34

98.

Fruit of Escontria chiotilla

66

99.

Plant of Corryocactus brevistylus

67

34

100.

Plant of Corryocactus brachypetalus. . .

67

35

I0I.

Flower of Corryocactus brevistylus . . . .

68

35

102.

Flower of Corryocactus brachypetalus .

68

36

103.

Fruit of Corryocactus brachypetalus . . .

68

36

104.

Plant of Pachycereus pringlei

69

I05.

Plant of Pachycereus pecten aboriginum

7I

37

106.

Fruit of Pachycereus pecten aboriginum

72

37

107.

Plant of Pachycereus chrysomallus

73

37

108.

Flower of Pachycereus chrysomallus . . .

74

37

109.

Longitudinal section of Pachycereus

38

chrysomallus

74

38

110.

Flower of Pachycereus marginatus . . . .

74

39

III.

Hedge of Pachycereus marginatus

75

39

112.

Part of branch of Leptocereus weingar-

39

tianus

78

39

II3.

Plant of Leptocereus leonii

39

II4.

Plant of Leptocereus assurgens

79

40

II5.

Branch of Leptocereus maxonii

80

40

ii6.

Fruit of Leptocereus arboreus

80

TEXT-FIGURES—continued.

PAGE.

Fig. II7. Fruit of Leptocereus sylvestris 80

118. Top of branch of Leptocereus sylvestris 8i

119. Plant of Leptocereus quadricostatus ... 81

120. Fruit of Leptocereus quadricostatus ... 81

121. Flower of Leptocereus quadricostatus . 8I

122. Potted plant of Eulychnia spinibarbis .. 83

123. Flower of Eulychnia acida 84

124. Flower of Eulychnia castanea 84

125. Hedge of Lemaireocereus hollianus ... 86

126. Plants of Lemaireocereus hystrix 87

127. Flower of Lemaireocereus hystrix 87

128. Fruit of Lemaireocereus hystrix 87

129. Plants of Lemaireocereus griseus 88

130. Fruit of Lemaireocereus pruinosus 89

131. Potted plant of Lemaireocereus longi-

spinus 90

132. Potted plant of Lemaireocereus eichlamii. 90

133. Plants of Lemaireocereus chende 9I

134. Plant of Lemaireocereus godingianus .. 92

135. Plants of Lemaireocereus aragonii . . . . 93

136. Plants of Lemaireocereus stellatus 94

137. Plants of Lemaireocereus treleasei . . . . 95

138. Plant of Lemaireocereus deficiens 96

139. Plant of Lemaireocereus weberi 96

140. Cluster of spines of Lemaireocereus we-

beri 97

141. Fruit of Lemaireocereus weberi 97

142. Part of rib, showing spine clusters of

Lemaireocereus queretaroensis . . . . 97

143. Plant of Lemaireocereus thurberi 98

144. a. Flower of Lemaireocereus thurberi .. 98 b. Fruit of Lemaireocereus thurberi . . . 98

145. Plant of Lemaireocereus laetus 99

146. Plant of Lemaireocereus laetus 99

147. Flower of Lemaireocereus laetus 100

148. Fruit of Lemaireocereus laetus 100

149. Plants of Lemaireocereus humilis 100

150. Flowering branch of Lemaireocereus hu-

milis I0I

151. Cross section of stem, longitudinal section of rib, spine cluster, flower, and fruit of Lemaireocereus humilis I0I

152. Fruit of Lemaireocereus dumortieri . . . I02

153. Plant of Lemaireocereus dumortieri . . . I02

154. Plant of Erdisia squarrosa I04

155. Flower, fruit, and stem of Erdisia squar-

rosa I05

156. Branch of Erdisia meyenii I06

157. Plant of Erdisia spiniflora I06

158. Group of plants of Bergerocactus emoryi I07

159. Flower of Bergerocactus emoryi I08

160. Potted plant of Leocereus bahiensis ... 109

161. Flower of Leocereus bahiensis I09

162. Flower of Leocereus melanurus I09

163. Sections of stem of Wilcoxia viperina.. 110

164. Potted plant of Wilcoxia poselgeri 110

165. Cluster of tuberous roots of Wilcoxia poselgeri III

166. Group of plants of Peniocereus greggii . II2

167. Flower of Peniocereus greggii II2

168. Fruit of Peniocereus greggii 112

169. Plant of Dendrocereus nudiflorus 114

170. Fruit of Dendrocereus nudiflorus 114

171. Plants of Machaerocereus eruca II5

172. Joint of Machaerocereus eruca II6

PAGE.

Fig. 173. Potted plant of Machaerocereus gum-

mosus II6

174. Plant of Machaerocereus gummosus .. 117

175. Flower of Machaerocereus gummosus . 117

176. Fruit of Nyctocereus serpentinus II8

177. Flower of Nyctocereus serpentinus . . . . II8

178. Part of flowering plant of Nyctocereus guatemalensis I20

179. Flower of Brachycereus thouarsii I2I

180. Fruit of Brachycereus thouarsii 121

181. Top of joint of Acanthocereus horridus 122

182. Plant of Acanthocereus pentagonus . . . I23

183. Fruit and withering perianth ofAcantho-

cereus pentagonus I23

184. Plants of Acanthocereus pentagonus in cactus plantation I24

185. End of joint of Acanthocereus occidentalis I25

186. Plant of Acanthocereus brasiliensis. . . . I26

187. Plant of Acanthocereus albicaulis I26

188. Plant of Trichocereus thelegonus I3I

189. Plant of Trichocereus thelegonus I3I

190. Potted plant of Trichocereus spachianus I32

191. Plants of Trichocereus pasacana 132

192. Ends of flowering plants of Trichocereus lamprochlorus I33

193. Flower of Trichocereus pasacana I34

194. Fruit of Trichocereus pasacana I34

195. Flower of Trichocereus candicans I34

196. Plants of Trichocereus pachanoi I35

197. Plant of Trichocereus peruvianus I36

198. Plants of Trichocereus chiloensis I37

199. Potted plant of Trichocereus chiloensis. I37

200. Flower of Trichocereus chiloensis I38

201. Potted plant of Trichocereus coquimba-

nus I38

202. Plant ofTrichocereus coquimbanus ... 139

203. a, flower of Trichocereus terscheckii ... 140 b, fruit of Trichocereus terscheckii . . . . I40

204. Plant of Trichocereus terscheckii I40

205. Plant of Trichocereus fascicularis 141

206. Flower of Trichocereus fascicularis . . . . I4I

207. Fruit of Trichocereus fascicularis I4I

208. Flower of Trichocereus huascha I4I

209. Fruit of Trichocereus huascha 141

210. Plant of Trichocereus huascha I42

211. Plants of Trichocereus strigosus I44

212. Plants of Jasminocereus galapagensis . . I46

213. Flower of Jasminocereus galapagensis. . I47

214. Flower of Jasminocereus galapagensis. . I47

215. Plant of Harrisia eriophora 148

216. Plantation of Harrisia fragrans 149

217. Plant of Harrisia portoricensis I50

218. Plant of Harrisia nashii 150

219. Fruit of Harrisia brookii 151

220. Flower bud of Harrisia brookii 151

221. Plant of Harrisia gracilis 152

222. Flower of Harrisia gracilis I52

223. Plant of Harrisia simpsonii 153

224. Plant of Harrisia taylori 153

225. Part of plant of Harrisia pomanensis .. 156

226. Plant of Harrisia adscendens 156

227. Plant of Harrisia bonplandii 157

228. Potted plant of Harrisia guelichii 158

229. Top of plant of Borzicactus sepium. ... 160

230. Top of plant of Borzicactus morleyanus 161

TEXT-FIGURES—continued.

Fig. 231. Clump of plants of Borzicactus morley-

anus 161

Plant of Borzicactus decumbens 162

Flower of Borzicactus decumbens 162

Plant of Carnegiea gigantea 165

Fruit of Carnegiea gigantea 166

Plants of Binghamia melanostele 167

Plants of Binghamia acrantha 167

Fruit of Binghamia melanostele 168

Flower of Binghamia acrantha 168

Fruit of Binghamia acrantha 168

Flower of Rathbunia alamosensis 169

Flower, cut open, of Rathbunia alamosensis 169

Plant of Arrojadoa penicillata 171

Plants of Oreocereus celsianus 172

Potted plant of Oreocereus celsianus .. 172

Flower of Oreocereus celsianus 172

Fruit of Oreocereus celsianus 172

Potted plant of Cleistocactus smarag-

diflorus 174

Plant of Zehntnerella squamulosa 176

Flower of Zehntnerella squamulosa ... 177

Plants of Lophocereus schottii 178

Cross section of stem of Lophocereus schottii 179

Flower of Lophocereus schottii 179

Section of rib of Myrtillocactus geo-

metrizans with fruit at areoles 179

Flower of Myrtillocactus geometrizans. 179 Flower and fruits of Myrtillocactus eichlamii 181

Plant of Neoraimondia macrostibas ... 181 Flower of Neoraimondia macrostibas . . 181 Cluster of spines of Neoraimondia macrostibas 182

260. Potted plant of Neoraimondia macrostibas 182

261. Tip of joint of Hylocereus guatema-lensis 184

262. Ovary of Hylocereus costaricensis, transformed into a branch 186

Plant of Hylocereus undatus 187

Hedge of Hylocereus undatus 188

Part of branch of Hylocereus cubensis . 188

Stigma lobes of Hylocereus lemairei. 189 Flowering branch of Hylocereus sten-

opterus 190

268. Plant of Hylocereus trigonus 192

Fig. 269

282 283

287 288 289 290

page.

Joint of Hylocereus triangularis 193

Plant of Hylocereus antiguensis 194

Joint of Hylocereus calcaratus 194

Flowering branch of Wilmattea minu-

tiflora 196

Joint of Selenicereus coniflorus 198

Fruit of Selenicereus coniflorus 198

Tip of branch of Selenicereus honduren-

sis 199

Part of branch of Selenicereus donke-

laarii 200

Part of branch of Selenicereus kunthi-

anus 201

Tip of branch of Selenicereus brevispinus 202 Tip of branch of Selenicereus macdon-

aldiae 202

Flower of Selenicereus macdonaldiae . . 203

Fruit of Selenicereus macdonaldiae. . . . 203

Flower of Selenicereus hamatus 204

Part of branch of Selenicereus hamatus 204

Flower of Selenicereus vagans 205

a and b, branches of Selenicereus vagans 206

c and d, branches of Selenicereus murrillii. 206 Top of branch of Selenicereus spinu-

losus 207

Top of branch of Selenicereus inermis . 208

Branches of Selenicereus wercklei 208

Flowering plant of Selenicereus wercklei 209

Plant of Mediocactus coccineus 211

Fruiting branch, cross section, and spines of Mediocactus coccineus ... 211

Plant of Mediocactus megalanthus 213

Plant of Deamia testudo 213

Branches of Deamia testudo 214

Fruiting branch of Weberocereus pana-

mensis 215

Flowering plant of Werckleocereus ton-

duzii 217

Flower of Aporocactus leptophis 218

Flower of Aporocactus flagriformis ... 218

Parts of plant of Aporocactus conzattii . 220

Flower of Aporocactus conzattii 221

Flower of Aporocactus martianus 221

Parts of plant of Strophocactus wittii . . 222

Plant of Cereus grenadensis 223

Section of flowering branch of Cereus grenadensis 223

Flower of Selenicereus vagans (without legend) 239

page.

Building Your Own Greenhouse

Building Your Own Greenhouse

You Might Just End Up Spending More Time In Planning Your Greenhouse Than Your Home Don’t Blame Us If Your Wife Gets Mad. Don't Be A Conventional Greenhouse Dreamer! Come Out Of The Mould, Build Your Own And Let Your Greenhouse Give A Better Yield Than Any Other In Town! Discover How You Can Start Your Own Greenhouse With Healthier Plants… Anytime Of The Year!

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment