Cactus Family

Hylocereus stenopterus Weber Britton and Rose Contr U S Nat Herb 12 429 1909

Hist. Nat. Paris 8 458. 1902. A weak vine, not rooting freely from the sides, at least in cultivation, the joints 4 cm. broad, light green in color, not glaucous ribs 3, thin areoles slightly elevated spines 1 to 3, small, yellow flower 10 to 12 cm. long, opening at night, closing very early (completely closed at 9 a. m.) tube short, about 2 cm. long perianth-segments all similar, reddish purple, linear, about 7 cm. long stamens short, exserted style white,...

Wilmattea minutiflora

Hylocereus minutiflorus Britton and Rose, Contr. 15. S. Nat. Herb. 16 240. 1913. Cereus minutiflorus Vaupel, Monatsschr. Kakteenk. 23 86. 1913. A slender, high-climbing vine, the joints 3-angled, deep green, the angles sharp but not winged, not horny-margined areoles 2 to 4 cm. apart spines usually 1 to 3, minute, brownish flowers only 5 cm. long, opening at night, rarely remaining open until o'clock in the morning, very fragrant flower-tube only 10 mm. long, or even less outer...

Pachycereus chrysomallus Lemaire Britton and Rose Contr U S Nat Herb 12 421 1909

Pachycereus Marginatus

Serr. 3 under pl. 242. 1847. Cereus chrysomallus Hemsley, Biol. Centr. Amer. Bot. 1 541. 1880. Cephalocereus chrysomallus Schumann in Engler and Prantl, Pflanzenfam. 36a 182. 1894. Pilocereus fulviceps Weber in Schumann, Gesamtb. Kakteen 176. 1897. Cereus fulviceps Berger, Rep. Mo. Bot. Gard. 16 64. 1905. Stem columnar, massive, at first simple, but in very old plants much branched, giving off hundreds of erect branches which form an almost compact cylinder...

Acanthocereus colombianus sp nov

Acanthocereus

Erect, branching dichotomously, 2 to 3 meters high joints about 9 cm. wide, strongly 3-winged areoles large, 5 cm. apart radial spines 5 to 8, very short, less than 5 mm. long central spines 1 or 2, very stout, 4 to 5.5 cm. long flower 25 cm. long, white, with a rather stout tube 12 cm. long, the gradually expanded throat 5 to 6 cm. long. Collected by Francis W. Pennell and Henry H. Rusby near Calamar, Colombia, July 10, 1917 z-nt . junJUi-lLJC -4-U Fig. 181. Part of joint of A. horridus. X0.4....

Key to Generacontinued

Cereus Three Ribs

Flowers 2 to several at an areole columnar cacti, or with columnar branches flowers small. Flowers without wool areoles small. Flowering areoles bearing many long Flowering areoles without Flowers densely woolly flowering areoles enormously developed 1. CEREUS (Hermann) Miller,* Gard. Dict. Abridg. ed. 4. 1754. Piptanthocereus Riccobono, Boll. R. Ort. Bot. Palermo 8 225. 1909. Stems mostly upright and tall, but sometimes low and spreading or even prostrate, generally much branched, the...

J54the cactaceae

Gruson Greenhouses

Deep areoles 2 to 3 cm. apart spines 9 to 12, the longer 3 to 5 cm. long, ascending bud globose-ovoid, short-pointed, its scales with sparse curled grayish-white wool, 3 to 6 mm. long. Type locality Sea-beach between Rio Grande and Rio Ubero, Oriente, Cuba. Distribution Known only from the type locality. This plant was collected near the type locality of the preceding species specimens of the two appeared to be different when first studied, but subsequent observations indicate that they may not...

Key to Species

Ribs 6 to 20, separated by deep intervals. B. Areoles with white, brown, or gray felt, not glandular. Spines slender, acicular to subulate. Spines not appressed to the joints, a central one usually evident. Ribs 6 to 12. Areoles borne on ribs, when these are crenate borne on elevations. Joints green, not glaucous. Flowers i0 cm. long central spine long, reflexed i. L. hollianus Flowers 7 to 9 cm. long central spine spreading or ascending 2. L. hystrix Young growth glaucous, the bloom...

Selenicereus wercklei Weber

Hist. Nat. Paris 8 460. 1902. Epiphytic, slender, much branched, freely rooting, the young growth producing small swollen knobs at the areoles tipped by small red scale-like leaves branches pale green, to 1 cm. in diameter, nearly terete, with 6 to 12 faint ribs areoles minute, each bearing a small tuft of felt subtended by a small scale but no spines flower 15 to 16 cm. long, bright red outer perianth-segments narrow, greenish, spreading inner...

Cephalocereus brasiliensis sp nov

Cephalocereus

Somewhat branching at base, 1 to 3 meters high, producing long, slender, weak branches, these at first erect, but soon spreading or reclining, bright green when old, but when young somewhat glaucous branches at base nearly square in section, but toward the tip with 4, sometimes 5, prominent obtuse ribs areoles very close together, with long white hairs longer than the spines radial spines several, very short, brown, spreading, acicular central spines generally solitary, porrect, 1 to 2 cm. long...

Cephalocereus barbadensis sp nov

Plant light green, tall, 3 to 6 meters high, with ascending or spreading columnar branches ribs usually 8 or 9, high, separated by acute intervals areoles 1 cm. apart spines acicular, 1 to 4 * Pilocereus niger is different from Cactus niger Salm-Dyck and is not a synonym of Cereus nobilis, although it was referred to P. strictus by Schumann (Gesamtb. Kakteen 189. 1897). Neumann described Pilocereus niger (Rev. Hort. II. 4 289. 1845), a new species based on plants sent from Mexico by M. Ocampo....

Illustrations

Group of plants of Cephalocereus macrocephalus on hillside near Tehuacan Frontispiece. Plate 2. (1) Top of flowering stem of Cereus alacriportanus. (2) Top of stem of Cereus peruvianus. (3) Flower Plate 3. (1) Top of stem of Cereus validus. (2) Top of flowering stem of Cereus validus (3) Top of flowering branch of Monvillea cavendishii. (4) Top of branch of M. cavendishii with fruit 22 Plate 4. (1) Flowering stem of Cephalocereus pentaedrophorus. (2) Top of stem of Cephalocereus...

Leptocereus quadricostatus Bello Britton and Rose Contr U S Nat Herb

Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 10 276. 1881. Plants erect or arching, up to 4 meters high, with numerous lateral, usually elongated branches, often forming thickets branches dull, dark green, usually 4-ribbed, sometimes 3-ribbed, the ribs thin and low spines acicular, 1 to 4 cm. long flowers 4 cm. long, 2 cm. wide at the mouth outer perianth-segments green inner perianth-segments greenish white or yellowish white, truncate, the apex lacerate or erose ovary and...

Eulychnia spinibarbis Otto

Cereus spinibarbis Otto in Pfeiffer, Enum. Cact. 86. 1837. Cereuspanoplaeatus Monville, Hort. Univ. 1 220. 1840. Eulychnia breviflora Philippi, Fl. Atac. 24. i860. Echinocereus spinibarbis Schumann, Monatsschr. Kakteenk. 5 124. 1895. Cereus breviflorus Schumann, Gesamtb. Kakteen Nachtr. 23. 1903. Stems 2 to 4 meters high, much branched branches 7.5 cm. in diameter ribs 12 or 13 spines about 20 from an areole, usually 18 mm. long, but the longest one at times 15 cm. long flowers 3 to 5 cm. long...

Eulychnia iquiquensis Schumann

Cereus iquiquensis Schumann, Monatsschr. Plant 2 to 7 meters high, when old quite spineless below, but very spiny toward the top trunk usually very short, 2 to 2.5 cm. in diameter, its outer layers pulpy and yellow, terete, with many branches from near the base, these nearly erect or more or less spreading and again branching ribs 12 to 15, 110 broader at base than above, somewhat tuberculate, separated by acute intervals areoles approximate, sometimes with only a very little space between...

Erdisia spiniflora Philippi

Opuntia spiniflora Philippi, Linnaea 30 211. 1859. Opuntia bicolor Philippi, Linnaea 33 83. 1864. Opuntia clavata Philippi, Anal. Univ. Chile 41 722. 1872. Not Engelmann, 1848. Cereus hypogaeus Weber in Regel, Gartenflora 31 165. 1882. Echinocereus hypogaeus R mpler in F rster, Handb. Cact. ed. 2. 784. 1885. Eulychnia clavata Philippi in Engler and Prantl, Pflanzenfam. 36a 185. 1894, as synonym. Echinocereus clavatus Schumann, Monatsschr. Kakteenk. 5 123. 1895. Underground stems slender,...

Trichocereus peruvianus sp nov

Bilder Weintrauben Gemalt

Plant 2 to 4 meters high with numerous erect or ascending, stout branches, 15 to 20 cm. in diameter, glaucous when young ribs 6 to 8, broad and rounded areoles large, 2 to 2.5 cm. apart, brown-felted spines brown from the first, about 10, unequal, some of them 4 cm. long, rigid and stout, not at all swollen at base areoles on ovary and flower-tube hairy mature flowers not seen but evidently large and probably white. Collected by Dr. and Mrs. Rose near Matucana, Peru, altitude 2,100 meters, July...

The cactaceae

Guatemala Cactus Images

Cleistocactus hyalacanthus (Schumann) Gosselin, Bull. Mens. Soc. Nice 44 33. 1904. Cereus hyalacanthus Schumann, Gesamtb. Kakteen 101. 1897. This is described as upright, less than 1 meter high ribs 20, low, obtuse areoles elliptic spines in clusters of 25 or more, the longest 2 cm. long, acicular, white, puberulent flowers somewhat curved, 3 to 3.5 cm. long ovary covered with numerous scales bearing copious brown wool in their axils. It is known only from specimens collected by Otto Kuntze in...

Stetsonia coryne Salm Dyck

Hort. Dyck. 1849. 205. 1850. Plants large and massive, 5 to 8 meters high, with a thick, short trunk up to 4 dm. in diameter and 4 to 6 dm. long, and many (100 or more) ascending or upright elongated branches ribs 8 or 9, 1 to 1.5 cm. high, obtuse, more or less crenate spines 7 to 9, unequal, the longest 5 cm. long, subulate flowers 12 to 15 cm. long inner perianth-segments white, spreading fruit not known. Distribution Northwestern Argentina. Although this...

Selenicereus brevispinus sp nov

Aerial 246 Jpg

Stems rather stout, climbing or clambering, 2 to 3 cm. thick, in cultivation somewhat branching, light green, the growing branches tipped with white hairs ribs 8 to 10, separated by narrow intervals, undulating, with knobby areoles areoles circular, with short tawny felt spines about 12, conic, stiff, about 1 mm. _ lone, the 3 or 4 centrals thicker than , rc , ,, . , 7 V , iiii-i Fig. 277. Branch of S. kunthianus. X0.5. the somewhat curved or hooked radials bristles from the lower parts of the...

J4the cactaceae

Referring it to Cereus, asks if it may not be an Opuntia. In the original description the areoles are described as 6-angled, which suggests a cylindric Opuntia with angled tubercles rather than areoles. 28. CARNEGIEA Britton and Rose, Journ. N. Y. Bot. Gard. 9 187. 1908. A large, columnar cactus with stout, erect, many-ribbed stems and branches, the areoles felted and spiny, the spines of flowering and sterile areoles different flowers borne singly at the uppermost areoles, diurnal,...

Corryocactus brachypetalus Vaupel

Coryocactus

Jahrb. Engler 50 Beibl. 111 16. 1913. Plant 2 to 4 meters high, usually with many (sometimes 100 or more) strict branches from the base, forming a top 3 to 4 meters in diameter ribs usually 7 or 8, somewhat prominent areoles usually 2 cm. apart, large, 1 cm. in diameter or less, with short wool and spines spines at first black with brown bases, about 20 at an areole, very unequal, most of them less than 1 cm. long, the longest ones 10 to 16 cm. long flowers...

Machaerocereus eruca Brandegee

Acad. II. 2 163. 1889. Lemaireocereus eruca Britton and Rose, Contr. U. S. Nat. Herb. 12 425. 1909. Prostrate, except the erect or ascending tips branches 1 to 3 meters long, 4 to 8 cm. in diameter, usually simple, rooting on the under surface, dying at the older end and growing forward at the other sometimes several plants starting as branches from a common parent as a center and first radiating out, then dying at the rear ribs about 12 areoles large, 2 cm....

Lemaireocereus godingianus sp nov

Purple Straw Wheat America

Large plant 3 to 10 meters high with a short, thick, woody trunk 2 to 5 dm. in diameter, becoming smooth joints bright green when young, grayish afterwards ribs 7 to 11 spines acicular, 2 to 4 cm. long, brownish when young flowers large, white, 10 to 11 cm. long tube proper 2 cm. long with walls 1 cm. thick or more areoles on flower-tube and ovary closely set, large, bearing brown wool and yellow bristles fruit large, 10 cm. long or more, covered with yellow spines. Collected by J. N. Rose and...

Cactus Family

Plants more or less fleshy, terrestrial or epiphytic, simple and 1-jointed or much branched and many-jointed, the joints globular, oblong, cylindric, columnar or flattened, and winged or leaflike, often strongly ribbed, angled, or tubercled leaves* usually wanting on the joints (in a few cases developing as scales) but usually developing as scales on the ovary or perianth-tube areoles never producing glochids. spines usually present (rare or wanting in most epiphytic genera and in a few species...

Acanthocereus albicaulis sp nov

A low, weak plant, although erect at first, a meter high or less, afterward elongating and arching branches few, usually sharply 4-angled, 1 to 3 cm. broad, bluish white, the margins only slightly undulate areoles 2 to 3 cm. apart, small, brown-felted spines 2 to 6, acicular, brown, swollen at base, unequal, the longest 2 cm. long flowers and fruit unknown. Collected near Barrinha, Bahia, Brazil, by Rose and Russell, June 8, 1915 (No. 19808). This is a very distinct and remarkable plant. In the...

Hylocereus polyrhizus Weber

Hylocereus Trigonus

Cereus polyrhizus Weber in Schumann, Gesamtb. Kakteen 151. 1897. Slender vines, sometimes only 3 to 4 cm. thick, normally 3-angled, at first green or purplish, but soon becoming white and afterwards green again ribs or wings comparatively thin although in age becoming more turgid margin nearly straight, obtuse, not horny spines 2 to 4, rather stout, brownish, 2 to 4 mm. long, sometimes accompanied by two white hairs or bristles which finally drop off young flower-buds globular, purple flowers...

Hylocereus monacanthus Lemaire

Univ. 6 60. 1845. Stems green, 3-angled, the margins undulate areoles remote, about 3 cm. apart, tomentose spines usually single, sometimes 2, rigid, much swollen at base flowers funnelform, large, 28 cm. long, 17 cm. broad ovary and tube covered with large scales outer perianth-segments narrow, greenish inner perianth-segments oblong-ovate filaments numerous, about 200, 8 to 9 cm. long, white but rose-colored at base style thick, exserted, yellow stigma-lobes...

Hylocereus antiguensis sp nov

Hylocereus Triangularis

Stems high-clambering, forming great masses in the crotches of high trees or covering the tops of low trees joints 2 to 4 cm. thick, 3-angled, rarely 4-angled margins of ribs not horny, hardly undulate areoles 2.5 to 3.5 cm. apart principal spines 2 to 4, about 6 mm. long or less, accessory ones or bristles 2 to 5 flowers 14 cm. long outer perianth-segments linear inner perianth-segments yellow, at least drying so, broader than the outer segments flower-tube bearing linear acute scales. This...

Weberocereus panamensis sp nov

Stems 1 to 2 cm. broad, strongly 3-angled or some joints flat margins acute, indented areoles small, each hidden beneath a small thick scale, sometimes bearing 1 to 3 short weak spines flower 4 to 7 cm. long outer perianth-segments and inner scales yellowish green, erect inner perianth-segments white, oblong tube proper smooth and white within throat 1 cm. long stamens included filaments white, a part attached to the lower face of the throat and a part to the upper margin style white, included...

Browningia candelaris Meyen

Gartenz. 1 211. 1833. Stems 3 to 5 meters high, with a simple trunk sometimes 3 dm. in diameter at base, tapering gradually upward trunk when young strongly armed with many long spines, but when very old shedding the spines and in some cases becoming nearly naked ribs 30 to 34, rounded, about 5 mm. high branches from and near the top usually many, sometimes as many as 50, but sometimes as few as 3 to 6, in whorls or pseudo-whorls, slender, often spreading at right...

Trichocereus coquimbanus Molina

Stor. Nat. Chil. 170. 1782. Cereus nigripilis Philippi, Fl. Atac. 23. i860. Cereus coquimbanus Schumann, Gesamtb. Kakteen 8. 1897. Plant low, 1 meter high or more, or sometimes prostrate and forming dense thickets branches 7 to 8 cm. in diameter, with 12 or 13 ribs areoles large, circular, filled with short wool spines about 20, very formidable, often 7 to 8 cm. long central spines several, 2 to 6 cm. long flowers large, white, about 10 cm. long inner...

Cephalocereus arrabidae Lemaire

Hort. 1862 429. 1862. Cereus warmingii Schumann in Martius, Fl. Bras. 42 204. 1890. Pilocereus exerens Schumann in Engler and Prantl, Pflanzenfam. 361 181. 1894. Cephalocereus exerens Rose, Stand. Cycl. Hort. Bailey 2 715. 1914. Rather low but sometimes 3 meters high, often much branched at base, usually pale, somewhat glaucous branches 6 to 10 cm. in diameter ribs 6 to 8, high, obtuse areoles rather close together, producing long hairs when young, but no...

Cephalocereus brooksianus Britton and Rose Torreya 12 14 1912

Cereus brooksianus Vaupel, Monatsschr. Kakteenk. 22 66. 1912. Plant 3 to 6 meters high, stout, much branched at base, bluish green, glaucous ribs 8 or 9, obtuse areoles closely set, in flowering specimens almost contiguous, bearing silky hairs when young and tufts of long white hairs at flowering ones spines about 16, acicular, up to 3 cm. long, yellow, all somewhat similar, the upper ones in each areole ascending flowers 5 to 6 cm. long, opening in the evening, odorless, somewhat flattened...

Cephalocereus tweedyanus sp nov

Sometimes only 1 to 2 meters high and much branched at base, or sometimes tall, 5 to 7 meters high and branched above, with a large woody trunk branches 8 to 10 cm. in diameter, ascending or slightly spreading, bluish green when young, grayish green in age ribs 7 to 9, obtuse spines brown when young radial spines several, 1.5 cm. long or less central spines often solitary, porrect, 2 to 3 cm. long flowering areoles bearing long white wool flowers 7 cm. long inner perianth-segments short,...

Lemaireocereus chende Gosselin

Hist. Nat. Paris 11 506. 1905. Cereus del moralii J. A. Purpus, Monatsschr. Kakteenk. 19 89. 1909. Plant 5 to 7 meters high, with a short indefinite trunk, very much branched above, forming a large top branches rather slender, ascending or erect ribs 7 to 9, rather sharp areoles on old branches 1.5 cm. apart, on young branches perhaps closer together radial spines usually 5, the centrals when present a little longer than the radials, brown to bright yellow, in...

Lemaireocereus humilis sp nov

Stems weak, forming dense thickets, dark green, 1 to 4 meters long, about 4 cm. thick, usually with few branches or none ribs 3 or 4, sometimes 6, more or less interrupted, little undulate areoles borne in the depressions of the ribs, large, white-felted, bearing spines only in the lower part spines 5 to 8, brown, becoming white, acicular, 1 to 2 cm. long flowers greenish white, about 6 cm. long outer perianth-segments linear-oblong, spreading ovary with small scattered scales, at first without...

Wilcoxia Poselgeri

Areoles on ovary and flower-tube bearing long bristles. Stems Corolla about 5 cm. long tube indefinite seeds dull spine-clusters approximate, 3 to 5 mm. apart Corolla 10 to 12 cm. long tube definite seeds shining spine-clusters distant, 7 to 15 mm. apart Areoles on ovary and lower part of flower-tube without long bristles . . . . 2. W. poselgeri . . . . 3. W. striata 4. W. papillosa 1. Wilcoxia viperina (Weber) Britton and Rose, Contr. U. S. Nat. Herb. 16 242. 1913. Cereus viperinus Weber in...

Mr E A Goldman Contr U S Nat Herb 16 352 353 1916 speaks of it as follows

We first saw this remarkable cactus on the coastal plain near Santo Domingo, about 30 miles north of Matancita and here made a collection. From this point southward it was noted at intervals on the plains as far as the Llano de Yrais and on the lower and more sandy parts of Magdalena Island. The stems grow 1 to 3 meters in length and are nearly prostrate, and from this habit and their long whitish recurved spines have aptly been likened to huge caterpillars. The growing ends of the branches...

Brachycereus thouarsii Weber

Hist. Nat. Paris 5 312. 1899. Cereus nesioticus Schumann in Robinson, Proc. Amer. Acad. 38 179. 1902. Stems 6 to 10 dm. high branches numerous, radiating and ascending, 3 to 5 cm. in diameter, entirely covered by a mass of yellow spines ribs about 20, low, 3 mm. high areoles 5 to 6 mm. apart spines about 40, unequal, the longer ones about 3 cm. long, bristle-like flower 7 cm. long outer perianth-segments 1.5 cm. long, 2 mm. broad inner perianth-segments longer...

Heliocereus elegantissimus nom nov

Cereus coccineus Salm-Dyck in Pfeiffer, Enum. Cact. 122. 1837. Not C. coccineus De Candolle, 1828. Cereus speciosissimus coccineus R mpler in F rster, Handb. Cact. ed. 2. 773. 1885. Cereus speciosus coccineus Graebener, Monatsschr. Kakteenk. 19 137. 1909. Heliocereus coccineus Britton and Rose, Contr. U. S. Nat. Herb. 12 433. 1909. Stems at first erect, low, 1 to 2 dm. high branches often decumbent, light green, 3 to 5 cm. broad, mostly 3 or 4-angled ribs strongly undulate areoles large, 1.5 to...

Selenicereus murrillii sp nov

A very slender vine, 6 meters long or more, 8 mm. in diameter, freely giving off long slender aerial roots, dark green with the ribs more or less purplish, the scaly leaves at tips of branches minute, pinkish ribs 7 or 8, low, obtuse, separated by low broad intervals areoles 1 to 2 cm. apart, small, bearing white wool and minute spines spines 5 or 6, minute, the two lower ones longer and reflexed, 1 to 2 cm. long the other spines conic, greenish to black flower-buds small, oblong,...

Deamia testudo Karwinsky

Deamia Testudo

Cereus testudo Karwinsky in Zuccarini, Abh. Bayer, Akad. Wiss. M nchen 2 682. 1837. Cereuspterogonus Lemaire, Cact. Gen. Nov. Sp. 59. 1839. Cereuspentapterus Otto in Salm-Dyck, Cact. Hort. Dyck. 1849. 221. 1850. Cereus miravallensis Weber, Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris 8 459. 1902. Selenicereus miravallensis Britton and Rose, Contr. U. S. Nat. Herb. 12 431. 1909. Stems and joints various, 3 to 10 cm. broad, or perhaps even more ribs thin, wing-like, 1 to 3 cm. high areoles 1 to 2 cm. apart or on...

Espostoa lanata HBK

Cactus lanatus Humboldt, Bonpland, and Kunth, Nov. Gen. et. Sp. 6 68. 1823. Cereus lanatus De Candolle, Prodr. 3 464. 1828. Pilocereus dautwitzii Haage, Gard. Chron. 1873 7. 1873. Pilocereus haagei R mpler in F rster, Handb. Cact. ed. 2. 665. 1885. Pilocereus lanatus Weber, Dict. Hort. Bois 965. 1898. Cereus dautwitzii Orcutt, West Amer. Sci. 13 63. 1902. Cleistocactus lanatus Weber in Gosselin, Bull. Mens. Soc. Nice 44 37. 1904. Pilocereus lanatus haagei Jostmann, Monatsschr. Kakteenk. 21 25....

Mediocactus coccineus Salm Dyck

Cereus coccineus Salm-Dyck in De Candolle, Prodr. 3 469. 1828. Cereus setaceus Salm-Dyck in De Candolle, Prodr. 3 469. 1828 Cereus setaceus viridior Salm-Dyck, Hort. Dyck. 65. 1834. Cereus lindbergianus Weber in Schumann, Gesamtb. Kakteen 151. 1897. Cereus lindmanii Weber in Schumann, Gesamtb. Kakteen 163. 1897. Cereus hassleri Schumann, Monatsschr. Kakteenk. 10 45. 1900. Stems usually climbing on trees, sometimes clambering over rocks or walls, developing many aerial roots, the joints pale...

Pachycereus gaumeri sp nov

Plant slender, 2 to 7 meters high, erect, simple or few-branched branches 4-angled or winged ribs thin, 3 to 4 cm. high areoles large, 1 to 2.5 cm. apart, brown-felted spines several, slender, 1 to 3 cm. long, brownish flowers yellowish green, 5 cm. long scales of the ovary and flower-tube more or less foliaceous, drying black and thin, with brown felt in the areoles scales on the ovary linear, puberulent fruit not known. This species is based on two collections, both made in Yucatan by George...

Pachycereus columnatrajani Karwinsky Britton and Rose Contr U S Nat Herb 12 421

Cereus columna-trajani Karwinsky in Pfeiffer, Enum. Cact. 76. 1837. Cephalophorus columna-trajani Lemaire, Cact. Aliq. Nov. xii. 1838. Pilocereus columna Lemaire, Cact. Gen. Nov. Sp. 9. 1839. Pilocereus lateribarbatus Pfeiffer in F rster, Handb. Cact. ed. 2. 672. 1885. Cephalocereus columna Schumann in Engler and Prantl, Pflanzenfam. 36 182. 1894. Pilocereus columna-trajani Schumann, Gesamtb. Kakteen 198. 1897, as synonym. Plants erect, stout, up to 15 meters high, 4.5 to 5 dm. in diameter,...

Dendrocereus nudiflorus Engelmann

Cactus Family

Cereus nudiflorus Engelmann in Sauvalle, Anal. Acad. Cienc. Habana 6 98. 1869. Plant often 7 to 10 meters high, with a definite woody trunk and a very large, much branched top trunk 1 meter long or more, up to 6 dm. in diameter, with a solid wood core, the bark close, grayish brown, armed with 3 to 5 rows of clusters of spines, sometimes borne on rounded knobs spines pale gray, stout but acicular, 8 cm. long or less branches dull green, when young weak, 3 to 5-winged, made up of numerous short...

Trichocereus thelegonoides Spegazzini

Cactus Family

Cereus thelegonoides Spegazzini, Anal. Mus. Nac. Buenos Aires III. 4 480. 1905. More or less branched above trunk to 6 meters high, cylindric, 18 cm. in diameter branches more or less curved, ascending, 5 to 8 cm. in diameter, obtuse at apex ribs 15, low, obtuse, at first strongly tubercled by a strong depression between the areoles, but gradually disappearing in age areoles small, circular, felted spines 8 to 10, yellow or brownish, setaceous, short, 4 to 8 mm. long flowers 20 to 24 cm. long,...

Leocereus glaziovii Schumann

Cereus glaziovii Schumann in Martius, Fl. Bras. 42 200. 1890. Stems erect, with somewhat spreading branches, 1.5 to 2 cm. in diameter ribs 12, low areoles a little longer than broad spines 20 to 30, subulate, brownish, 1.5 to 2.5 cm. long flowers 6 cm. long, funnelform inner perianth-segments white, 2.5 to 3.5 cm. long, 5 mm. broad, acuminate stamens included scales of the ovary woolly in their axils fruit narrowly oblong, 2 cm. long, 5 mm. in diameter seeds small, black. Type locality Near...

J74the cactaceae

Cleistocactus baumannii Lemaire, Illustr. Hort. 8 Misc. 35. 1861. Cereus baumannii Lemaire, Hort. Univ. 5 126. 1844. Cereus colubrinus Otto in F rster, Handb. Cact. 409. 1846. Cereus tweediei Hooker in Curtis's Bot. Mag. 76 pl. 4498. 1850. Aporocactus baumannii Lemaire, Illustr. Hort. 7 Misc. 68. i860. Aporocactus colubrinus Lemaire, Illustr. Hort. 7 Misc. 68. i860. Cleistocactus colubrinus Lemaire, Illustr. Hort. 8 Misc. 35. 1861. Cereus baumannii colubrinus Schumann, Gesamtb. Kakteen 133....

Lemaireocereus cartwrightianus sp nov

Plant 3 to 5 meters high, with woody trunk, much branched branches consisting of short stout joints, 15 to 60 cm. long, 8 to 15 cm. in diameter ribs 7 or 8 areoles large, brown-felted young spines white, brown, black, or variegated, about 20, 1 to 2 cm. long, except on the old trunk and here 12 cm. long or more flowers slender, 7 to 8 cm. long, opening in the early evening outer perianth-segments narrow, 1 to 1.5 cm. long, reddish, erect inner perianth-segments small, white except at the...

Cephalocereus phaeacanthus Gurke

Cereusphaeacanthus Gurke, Monatsschr. Kakteenk. 18 57. 1908. Slender, usually branching at base, rarely branching above, more or less erect, often meters high, the branches 4 to 9 cm. in diameter ribs usually 13, low, narrow, bearing approximate areoles about 5 mm. apart, with acicular spines and small tufts of short white wool spines numerous, when young yellowish brown, 1 to 1.5 cm. long flowers 6 cm. long, slightly bent upward near the top of the tube, the limb 6 cm. broad when fully...

Trichocereus lamprochlorus Lemaire

Aliq. Nov. 30. 1838. Cereus nitens Salm-Dyck, Allg. Gartenz. 13 354. 1845. Echinocereus lamprochlorus R mpler in F rster, Handb. Cact. ed. 2. 831. 1885. Echinopsis lamprochlora Weber, Dict. Hort. Bois 471. 1896, as synonym. Columnar, simple or branching at base, 1.5 to 2 meters high, 7 to 8 cm. in diameter ribs 10 to 17, low and rounded radial spines 11 to 14, acicular to subulate, 8 to 10 mm. long central spines 4, 2 cm. long flowers funnelform, 20 to 24 cm....

Cephalocereus moritzianus Otto

Cereus moritzianus Otto in Pfeiffer, Enum. Cact. 84. 1837. Pilocereus moritzianus Lemaire, Illustr. Hort. 13 under pl. 469. 1866. Tree-like, up to 10 meters high, sometimes with 50 ascending branches, green or bluish ribs 7 to 10, obtuse, separated by acute intervals areoles 10 to 12 mm. apart, all white-woolly at first flowering areoles with tufts of wool 1 cm. long or longer spines slender, at first brownish, rigid, straight, 1 to 3.5 cm. long radial spines 6 to 8 central spines 3 flowers 5...

Cephalocereus gaumeri sp nov

Pilocereus With Yellow Spines

Plant 6 meters high, light green, slender, often only 2 to 3 cm., but sometimes 6 cm., in diameter ribs 8 or 9, 6 to 8 mm. high areoles 6 to 10, bearing short felt and cobwebby hairs when young flowering areoles bearing tufts of white wool 1 to 2 cm. long, 1 to 2 mm. apart spines numerous, 15 to 25, acicular, 1 to 5 cm. long, yellowish brown when young flowers light green, 5 to 7 cm. long scales on the ovary and lower part of the flower-tube few, minute, acute scales on the upper part of the...

Cephalocereus palmeri Rose Contr U S Nat Herb 12 418 1909

Cereus victoriensis Vaupel, Monatsschr. Kakteenk. 23 24. 1913. Tall, 2 to 6 meters high, with 20 branches or more (often 5 to 8 cm. in diameter), dark green or when young glaucous and bluish ribs 7 to 9, rounded on the edge, rather closely set, clothed from top downward for 20 to 30 cm. with long white hairs (4 to 5 cm. long) usually hiding the Fig. 77. Cephalocereus leucocephalus. Fig. 77. Cephalocereus leucocephalus. brown spines radial spines 8 to 12, slender, the central one much longer...

Cephalocereus catingicola Gurke

Cereus catingicola Gurke, Monatsschr. Kakteenk. 18 54. 1908. Tree-like, 3 to 10 meters high, with a short definite trunk and a large, much branched top, bluish green ribs 4 or 5, separated by broad intervals areoles large, woolly spines yellow when young, numerous, unequal, the longest 3 cm. long flowers 6 to 8 cm. long, 6 cm. broad when fully open, with a broad throat, opening in the evening, odorless flower-tube short, about 1 cm. long, with broad scales near its top, these green with...

Trichocereus pachanoi sp nov

Plants tall, 3 to 6 meters high, with numerous strict branches, slightly glaucous when young, dark green in age ribs 6 to 8, broad at base, obtuse, with a deep horizontal depression above the areole spines often wanting, when present few, 3 to 7, unequal, the longest 1 to 2 cm. long, dark yellow to brown flower-buds pointed flowers very large, 19 to 23 cm. long, borne near the top of branches, night-blooming, very fragrant outer perianth-segments brownish red inner perianth-segments oblong,...

Selenicereus inermis Otto

Cereus inermis Otto in Pfeiffer, Enum. Cact. 116. 1837. Cereus karstenii Salm-Dyck, Cact. Hort. Dyck. 1849. 218. 1850. Creeping or clambering over rocks and bushes, deep green, the branches 1 to 2.5 cm. thick, 3 to 5-ribbed or angled, the ribs compressed, acute, undulate old branches naked but young branches bearing setae from the small areoles areoles remote, sometimes 6 cm. apart, when young each borne on a knob or elevation terminating in a subtending tip or scale flower just before opening...

Cephalocereus sartorianus Rose Contr U S

Plant 3 to 5 meters high or more, with nearly erect branches, these 7 to 10 cm. in diameter, bluish or bluish green ribs (in the three individuals examined) 7, 2 cm. high, marked by a pair of grooves descending obliquely, one on each side, from each areole areoles closely set, usually 1.5 cm. apart radial spines at first 7 or 8, others apparently developing later central normally one all spines short, 1 cm. long or less, at first straw-colored, in age grayish all areoles producing few or many...

Leptocereus arboreus Britton and

Plants up to 6 meters high, erect, much branched joints 3 to 10 dm. long, 5 to 6 cm. in diameter, narrowed at base ribs 4, narrow, thin, 1.5 to 2 cm. deep, somewhat depressed between the areoles areoles 2.5 to 4 cm. apart or less spines To or fewer, acicular, yellowish, becoming gray, radiating, the longer up to 5 cm. long flower short, campanulate, 2 to 3 cm. long inner perianth-segments short, spreading, greenish white to cream-colored ovary and flower-tube very spiny fruit ellipsoid, 8 to 10...

Corryocactus brevistylus Schumann

Cereus brevistylus Schumann in Vaupel, Bot. Jahrb. Engler 50 Beibl. 111 17. 1913. Plants 2 to 3 meters high, usually much branched from the base, often forming large clumps, light green to almost yellow ribs few, 6 or 7, very prominent areoles 3 cm. apart, large, circular and elevated, with short, dense wool and spines spines about 15, at first brownish, very unequal, some less than 1 cm. long, some about 3 cm. long, and still others 20 to 24 cm. long flower broadly funnelform, constricted just...

Leptocereus weingartianus Hartmann

Field Cut Giant Sequoia 1888

Cereus weingartianus Hartmann in Dams, Monatsschr. Kakteenk. 14 155. 1904. Roots in clusters, tuberous, thick stems becoming terete and woody below, the branches creeping or climbing among shrubs and trees, sometimes to the height of 8 to 10 meters stems 4 to 7-ribbed, at first slender and weak, 1.5 to 2 cm. in diameter areoles 1 to 1.5 cm. apart, Fig. 112. Part of branch of L. weingartianus. Xo. 7. Fig. 112. Part of branch of L. weingartianus. Xo. 7. circular, small, at first filled with...

Wilcoxia papillosa sp nov

Tap-root spindle-shaped, fleshy, 4 to 7 cm. long, 2 cm. in diameter, this giving off long fibrous roots stems slender with few branches, 3 to 4 dm. long, perhaps longer, 3 to 5 mm. in diameter, glabrous, but the whole surface covered with minute papilla ribs low, indistinct, perhaps 3 to 5 areoles small, distant, 1 to 3 cm. long, white-woolly spines in clusters of 6 to 8, minute, yellowish brown, bulbose at base, 1 to 3 mm. long flowers scarlet, 4 to 5 cm. long scales on the ovary and...

Lemaireocereus pruinosus Otto

Echinocactuspruinosus Otto in Pfeiffer, Enum. Cact. 54. 1837. Cactus pruinosus Monville in Steudel, Nom. ed. 2. 1 246. 1840. Cereus pruinosus Otto in F rster, Handb. Cact. 398. 1846. Cereus laevigatus Salm-Dyck, Cact. Hort. Dyck. 1849. 204. 1850. Plant usually tall, with a more or less definite trunk ribs 5 or 6, very high, separated by broad intervals spines few, the radial ones 5 to 7, brownish central spine solitary, 3 cm. long flowering areoles large, brown-felted flowers about 9 cm. long...

Erdisia meyenii nom nov

Gartenz. 1 211. 1833. Not Salm-Dyck, 1828. Cactus aureus Meyen, Reise 1 447. 1834. Echinocactus aureus Meyen in Pfeiffer, Enum. Cact. 68. 1837. Cleistocactus aureus Weber in Gosselin, Bull. Mens. Soc. Nice 44 39. 1904. Stems subterranean, often forming large colonies sending up short, usually unjointed branches joints 10 to 20 cm. long, 3 to 5 cm. in diameter, more or less clavate ribs 5 to 8, high (1 cm. high or more), somewhat undulate spines several, subulate,...

Acanthocereus subinermis sp nov

Plants 1 meter high or higher joints stout, 5 to 7 cm. broad, strongly 3 or 4-angled, bright green, somewhat shining, usually short areoles 3 to 4 cm. apart spines either wanting or short, when present 6 to 10 at an areole, acicular, usually less than 1.5 cm. long flowers various in size, 15 to 22 cm. long outer perianth-segments narrow, reddish, acute inner perianth-segments white areoles of ovary and flower-tube somewhat spiny fruit globular to short-oblong, 4 cm. long, dull red. Collected by...

Aporocactus Lemaire Illustr Hort 7 Misc 67 i860

Slender, vine-like cacti, creeping or clambering, sending out aerial roots freely, day-blooming flowers rather small, one at an areole, funnelform, pink to red, the tube nearly straight, or bent just above the ovary, the limb somewhat oblique outer perianth-segments linear, spreading or recurved, scattered inner perianth-segments broad, more compact than the outer perianth-segments stamens exserted, in a single, somewhat i-sided cluster filaments attached all along the throat tube proper about...

Erdisia squarrosa Vaupel

Jahrb. Engler 50 Beibl. 111 21. 1913. Stems 1 to 2 meters long, 1 to 3 cm. in diameter ribs 8 or 9 areoles 1 to 1.5 cm. apart spines about 15, yellowish, very unequal, somewhat swollen at base, the longest ones 4 cm. long flowers borne toward the ends of branches, 2.5 to 4 cm. long including the ovary, sometimes as much as 5 cm. broad inner perianth-segments 1.5 cm. long filaments 1 cm. long or less style stout, 1.5 cm. long fruit 1.5 to 2 cm. in diameter, juicy,...

Cephalocereus robustus nom nov

Kakteen Nachtr. 64. 1903. Not Cephalocereus ulei G rke, 1908. Cereus ulei Berger, Rep. Mo. Bot. Gard. 10 70. 1905. Tall, much branched, with a rather indefinite trunk, 3 to 7 meters high, pale whitish blue, roughish ribs 8 or 9, high, separated by acute intervals areoles closely set, with short dark spines and longer silky hairs 3 of the ribs bearing flowers and their flowering areoles producing long, curly, white hairs, 5 to 6 cm. long flower nocturnal, 5 cm....

Cephalocereus leucocephalus Poselger Britton and Rose Contr U S Nat Herb 12 417 1909

Pilocereus leucocephalus Poselger, Allg. Gartenz. 21 126. 1853. Pilocereus houlletii Lemaire, Rev. Hort. 1862 428. 1862. Pilocereusfoersteri Lemaire, Illustr. Hort. 13 under pl. 472. 1866. Cereus houlletii Berger, Rep. Mo. Bot. Gard. 16 70. 1905. Plants 2 to 5 meters high, branched below, the branches 3 to 15, erect or ascending ribs usually 12, low spines about 10 in each cluster, acicular, 12 to 20 mm. long flowering areoles clustered on one side of the plant toward the top and producing an...

Mediocactus megalanthus Schumann

Jahrb. Engler 40 412. 1907. Growing in trees, forming masses of long pendent branches branches often only 1.5 cm. broad, rooting freely, 3-angled margin of angles only slightly undulating spines 1 to 3, yellowish, 2 to 3 mm. long, when young associated with several white bristles flowers very large, 38 cm. long, white inner perianth-segments 11 cm. long, 3.5 cm. broad stamens numerous stigma-lobes numerous. Type locality Near the town of Tarapoto, Department of...

Pachycereus lepidanthus Eichlam

Cereus lepidanthus Eichlam, Monatsschr. Kakteenk. 19 177. 1909. Stems simple or with few stout branches, light green ribs 7 to 9, rather low, separated by broad, rounded intervals areoles about 1 cm. apart, small radial spines about 10, slender, 1.5 cm, long or the longer ones 4 cm. long the central ones stouter and somewhat flattened, 3 to 6 cm. long flowers 7 cm. long, 2.5. cm. broad perianth-segments arranged in 3 or 4 series, 2.5 cm. long, 8 mm. broad, below red, above sepia-brown,...

Cephalocereus lanuginosus Linnaeus Britton and Rose Contr U S Nat Herb 12 417 1909

Pl. 467. 1753. Cereus lanuginosus Miller, Gard. Dict. ed. 8. No. 3. 1768, as to name only. Cereus crenulatus Salm-Dyck, Observ. Bot. 3 6. 1822. Cereus lanuginosus glaucescens Pfeiffer, Enum. Cact. 80. 1837. Pilocereus crenulatus R mpler in F rster, Handb. Cact. ed. 2. 655. 1885. Pilocereus lanuginosus R mpler in F rster, Handb. Cact. ed. 2. 672. 1885. Often tall and tree-like, either nearly simple or much branched branches elongated, to 13-ribbed, bright blue,...

Pachycereus grandis Rose Contr U S Nat Herb 12 421 1909

Cereus bergerianus Vaupel, Monatsschr. Kakteenk. 23 24. 1913. Plant 6 to 10 meters high, either simple or much branched, the trunk sometimes a meter in diameter branches, when present, columnar, generally simple, becoming erect almost from the first with numerous constrictions, pale green, or when young glaucous, with some bloom which persists in streaks ribs 9 to 11, acutish, high sterile areoles circular, large, bearing white felt and subulate spines, 2 to 3 cm. apart, not running together,...

Leocereus melanurus Schumann

Cereus melanurus Schumann in Martius, Fl. Bras. 42 200. 1890. Stems more or less cespitose from fibrous roots, slender, 1 meter long or more, 2 to 2.5 cm. in diameter ribs 12 to 16, low, only 2 to 3 mm. high branches 10 to 40 cm. long, often short-jointed, 2 to 2.5 cm. in diameter areoles approximate, 2 to 5 mm. apart, white-felted when young spines numerous, very unequal lower radials about 20, white, bristle-like, 5 to 8 mm. long upper radial spines and centrals about 15, all brown, stouter...