Figure 12.1. Use of Opuntia ficus-indica for fodder in Tunisia: (A) Transport of cladodes from the field; (B) chopping of cladodes, which can be laborious; and (C) feeding chopped cladodes to sheep.

that feeding platyopuntias to livestock started in the United States before the Civil War (1861-1865). Cladodes were extensively transported from regions ofTexas, such as Brownsville, Indianola, San Antonio, and Eagle Pass. Both natural and cultivated populations of platyopuntias have become important for fodder in many parts of the world. They are cultivated in Africa, Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Israel, Italy, Mexico, Peru, Spain, and the United States (Curtis 1979; Le Houerou 1979; Brutsh 1984; Russell and Felker 1987; Clovis de Andrade 1990; Barbera et al. 1992; Flores Valdez and Aguirre Rivera 1992).


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